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RECORD . iim,^';^^[
UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY.
SEPTEMBER 30th, 1902.
William Brooks and Co., Limited,
17 Castlskeagh Street.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
The Ixvitatiox to Other Uni versitui^j
List OF Delegates
Reception of Delegates and PREStNTATioy of Addre-sses
Di>-see by Members of Cosvocation
Pkofessob MacCallttm's Address
The Haeboue ExciTESioN
The Costeesazioxe at the Uxiversity
Professor Anderson Htuabt's Address
The Undergraduates' Garden Party
The Sports Onion Ball
Professor David's Address
Dr. Sydney Jones' Luncheon Party
Garden Party at the Observatory
USDERGRADCATES' SmOKE CONCERT
Entertainment at the Women's College
Dramatic Society's Entertainment
University Union — Senator Symon's Addres.s
The Union Book ...
Although the Act of Incotporatiou of the University of
Sydney received the Royal Assent in the end of 1850, the first
two years of the University's existence were occupied hy the
governing body in making arrangements to carry on the work
of teaching. The first matriculation examination was held in
the beginning of October, 1852, and the inauguration c&remony
on the 11th October in the large hall of the Sydney College at
Hyde Park, now the Sydney Grammar School.
It was determined by the Senate that the Jubilee Celebra^
tion should take place as nearly as possible upon the comple-
tion of fifty years of actual work, and the date fixed was the
first week of Michaelmas Term, 1902.
It was hardly expected that the universities of Europe and
America would send representatives to Australia for the special
purpose of attending the Celebration, and the notification to
these universities of our time of rejoicing was in the following
terms : —
UNIVERSITAS SYDNEIENSIS UNIVERSITATI
Quinquagesimi anni Academiae hujus feliciter peracti
soUemnia, quae in diem undetricesimum Septembris et inse-
quentes quattuor dies indiximus, rite celebraturi, omnes in-
clitas Universitates gaudii nostri participes esse cupimus; et
quamquam veremur, ne, toto paene orbe divisi cum simus, vix
satis aequum postulare videamur si rogemus ut aliquem ex
insigni coetu vestro hue usque mittatis, qui praesens nobis
2 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
gratuletur, volumus fcamen. vos certiores factos, si quern adle-
gaveritis, nos eum libenter hospitio ess© accepturos.
H. N. MacLaurin, Camcellarius.
Arturus Renwick, Vice-Cancellarius.
H. E. Barfp, Registrarius.
Dabamus Sydneiae X die Februarii, MDCCCCII.
Most of the British Universities appointed representatives
resident in Australia to attend the Celebrations on. their be-
half; and on© French University, that of Caen, appointed as
its representative an ex-Professor, a resident of New Caledonia,
where he was President of the National Council.
The members of the governing bodies of the Australasian
Universities, as well as the professors, lecturers and other high
officials, were individually invited to attend.
Many Universities, both British and Foreign, sent con-
gratulatory Addresses, a number of them very handsomely
The following is a list of the Universities which either
appointed delegates to attend the Jubilee or sent letters or
Addresses of congratulation : —
University of Adelaide — ^Professor E. von B. Bensley, M.A.,
Professor G. C. Henderson, M.A.
University of Melbourne — ^Professor T. G. Tucker, M.A., Litt.
D. (Chairman of the Professional Board), Professor J. W.
Gregory, D. Sc, Professor W. C. Kernot, A. Leeper, Esq.,
M.A., LL.D. (Warden of Trinity College), Alex. Mor-
rison, Esq., M.A., LL.D., J. H. MacFarland, Esq., M.A.,
LL.D. (Master of Ormond College), Professor F. S. Peter-
son, Mus. B., Professor Baldwin Spencer, M.A., F.K.S.,
J. W. Springthorpe, Esq., M.A., M.D., W. Thwaites,
Esq., C. J. Zichy-Woinarski, Esq., M.A., LL.M.
University of New Zealand — James Hay, Esq., M.A., LL.B.
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 3
University of Otago — ^E. B. Caa-gill, Esq., Vice-Chancellor, A.
Hamilton, Esq., Registrar.
Auckland University College.
Canterbviry College, Christchurch.
Victoria College, Wellington — -Rev. W. A. Evans, Chairman of
the Board of Gtovemors.
University of Tasmania — The Hob. Mr. Justice A. I. Clark
(Vice-ChaaceUor), Bev. Thomas Kelsh, W. J. T. Stops,
University Extension Board of Queensland — Rev. T. Nisbet,
University of Birmingham.
University of Cambridge — ^Professor T. G. Tucker, M.A.,
University of Dublin — A. Leeper, Esq., M.A., LL.D.
University of Edinburgh — Rev. Andrew Harper, M.A., D.D.
University of Glasgow — ^Professor F. Anderson, M.A., Profes-
sor M. W. MacCallum, M.A.
University of London — Miss Louisa Macdonald, M.A.
University of Oxford — Professor Baldwin Spencer, M.A.,
Victoria University, Manchester — Professor A. Mica Smith,
University of Wales.
Owen's College, Manchester — Professor Baldwin Spencer, M.A.,
Royal CoUege of Science — ^E. F. Pittman, Esq., A.R.S.M.
University College, London — Angel Money, Esq., M.D.
4 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
McGill University, Montreal.
University of Toronto.
University of the Cape of Good Hope.
University of Allahabad..
University of Bombay.
University of Calcutta.
University of Madras.
University of Punjab.
Harvard University, Cambridge.
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.
Cornell University, Ithaca.
University of Minnesota.
University of Missouri.
University of Pennsylvania.
University of Michigan.
University of the State of New York.
University of Vienna.
University of Agram.
University of Clausenberg.
University of Czernowitz.
University of Innsbruck.
University of Lemberg.
University of Brussels.
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 3
University of Ghent.
University of Liege.
University of Copenhagen.
University of Caen — Monsieur M. Le Goupils (formerly Pro-
fessor of Rhetoric in the University of Caen).
XTniversity of Paris.
University of Aix-Marseilles.
University of Besangon.
University of dermontrFerrand.
University of Grenoble.
University of Lille.
University of Lyons.
University of Montpellier.
University of Toulouse.
University of Berlin.
University of Bonn.
University of Breslau.
University of Erlangen.
University of Freiburg.
University of Giessen.
University of Gottingen.
University of Heidelberg.
University of Jena.
University of Kiel.
University of Leipzig.
University of Marburg.
University of Munich.
University of Rostock.
University of Tiibingen.
University of Wiirzburg.
University of Athens.
University of Groningen.
University of Leyden.
University of Utrecht.
University of Rome.
University of Catania.
University of Florence.
University of Parma.
University of Pisa.
University of Kyoto.
University of Christiania.
University of Charcov.
University of Cracow.
University of Dorpat.
University of Helsingfors.
University of Kasan.
University of Moscow.
University of Odessa.
University of Warsaw.
University of Saragossa.
University of Valencia.
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 7
University of Lund.
University of Berne,
University of Freiburg.
University of Geneva.
University of Zurich.
Before the official proceedings began there was a perfor-
mance by the University Dramatic Society in the Palace
Theatre, on the afternoon of Monday, September 29, and in
the evening a lecture by Sir Josiah Symon, K.C.M.G., under
the auspices of the University Union. To these events refer-
ence will be made later on.
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES AND PRESENTATION
The Reception of Delegates and Presentation of Addresses
was held in the Great Hall of the University at 3 p.m. on
Tuesday, September 29th. It was preceded by an Organ
Recital at 2.30 p.m. by A. R. Mote, Esq., B.A.
1. Concert Overture in C minor Hollins
2. University Jubilee March Kathleen Mayer
Dedicated to the Chancellor.
3. Melody in F Rubinstein
4. Offertoire de Ste. Cecile, No. 2 Orison
5. Introduction and Fuga Hewlett
6 Chant sans Paroles, Op. 2, No. 3 Ttchaikowsktj
7. Commemoration March, Op. 37 A. R. Mote
Dedicated to the Chancellor.
8. March, Die Meistersinger Wagner
O UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
The ceremony was presided over by the Chancellor of
the University, the Honoiirable Sir Nonnand MacLaurin,
M.A., M.D., LL.D. Besides the Visitor of the Univeirsity,
His Excellency Vice-Admiral Sir Harry Holdsworth Rawson,
K.C.B., Governor of New South Wales, the following members
of the Senate : The Honourable Mr. Justice A. H. Simpson,
Vice-Chancellar ; Mr. H. C. L. Anderson, M.A., Judge Back-
house, M.A., Professor Thos. Butler, B.A., Professor Pitt
Cobbett, M.A., D.C.L., Dean of the Faculty of Law, the Hon.
W. P. Cullen, M.A., LL.D., Messrs. P. Sydney Jones, M.D.,
E. W. Knox, Professor A. Liversidge, M.A., LL.D., F.E..S.,
Dean of the Faculty of Sciemce, Professor M. W. MacCallum,
M.A., Dean of the Faculty of Arts, the Hon. Senator R. E.
O'Connor, M.A., His Honour Alexander Oliver, M. A., the Hon.
Sir Arthur Renwick, B.A., M.D., Judge Rogers, M.A., LL.B.,
Mr. H. C. Russell, B.A., C.M.G., F.R.S.. Mr. C. B. Stephen,
M.A., K.C., Professor Anderson Stuart, M.D., LL.D., Dean
of the Faculty of Medicine, and Mr. R. Teece, F.I.A., F.F.A. ;
Professors and teaching staff, the Visitors, Principals and Coun-
cillors of affiliated Colleges, and graduates of the University,
there were present the Navjd Commander-in-Chief of the
Australian Station, his Excellency Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis
Beaumont ; the Right Honourable Sir Samuel Griffith, M.A.,
G.C.M.G., Chief Justice and Lieutenant-Governor of Queens-
land; the Honourable Sir John See, K.C.M.G., Premier of
New South Wales; the Honourable John Perry, Minister for
Public Instruction; the members of the Consular body, high
officers of the Government, and representatives of the
His Excellency the Grovemor was received on his arrival
by a guard of honour consisting of fifty rank and file of the
University Volunteer Corps, under the command of Captain
At 3 p.m. His Excellency entered the Great Hall,
accompanied by the Chancellor, and preceded by a pro-
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES- 9
cession, consisting of the members of Frofessoiial Staff,
the visiting Delegates, and the Fellows of the Senate, start-
ing from the main entrance, passed through the Stenhouse
Library, and thence into the Great Hall.
The Chancellor then opened the proceedings by delivering
the following Address : —
" Your Excellency, Ladies and Gentlemen, — I desire to
offer to the Delegates and Visitors from^ other Universities
our warmest welcome and our hearty thanks for their attend-
ance here to-day. Most of them have travelled hundreds
of miles to rejoice with us in our Jubilee, and their presence
and sympathy we take to be a mark of their approbation of
our efforts in the past, as it is cert-ainly an incitement to
renewed zeal in the cause of higher education for the future.
It is good on occasion to recall to mind the great men who
have gone before us to whose exertions, g^ded by far-seeing
prudence, we owe so largely the privileges we enjoy. And so
we are now met to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the
in>auguration of ciur University, and to pay our tribute of
respect to the forethought, the liberality, and the sound
judgment of the men of the past generation who so well and
truly laid the foundations of an institution which Sydney
may view with pride, and which the learned world regards
The ceremony of inauguration took place on Mon-
day, October 11, 1852, in the building in College Street,
then occupied by the University, in the presence of
a crowded assem.bly. At half-past 12 o'clock, the first
candidates for matriculation were introduced, and after the
names had been inscribed in the album by the Registrar,
they took their places. At 1 o'clock the procession entered
the hall, marshalled by the Chamberlain, Dr. Greenup, in
the following order : — ^Vergers, Professors, Fellows of th«
Senate, the Vice-Provost, the Governor-General and his staff,
the Chief Justice, and Mr. Justice Dickinson, attended by
10 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
their Associates, Lieutenant-General Wynyard, the Military
Commander-in-Chief and his staff, the Honourable Campbell
Riddell, Colonial Treasurer, Colonel Bloomfield and the officers
of the 11th Regiment, Captain G-ennys and the officers of
H.M.S. Tantome.' The procession was also accompanied
by the principal ministers of religion of all denominations,
by the members of the Bar, and by the Consuls of foreign
Powers. The Fellows present were : — Sir Charles Nicholson
(Vice-Provost), Honourable E. Deas-Thomson ; Honourable
J. H. Plunkett, Right Rev. Bishop Davis, Mr. Justice Therry,
Honourable F. L. S. Merewether, B.A., W. C. Wentworth,
Esq., B. O'Brien, M.D., J. B. Darvall, M.A., Ed. Broadhursit,
B.A., S. A. Donaldson, J. Macarthur, Richard Greenup
(Chamberl2dn). The Professors were : — Dr. Woolley, Mr. Pell,
and Dr. John Smith. Of all that goodly company of
Senators and Professors, but one survives — Sir Chaj-les
Nicholson — who in a green old age retains a keen and abiding
interest in the University, whose earliest years were fostered
by his protecting solicitude, and which is still the favoured
object of his unceasing liberality. As soon as we resolved
to celebrate this most auspicious anniversary, we informed
our venerable friend that nothing would give us greater
pleasure than to see him again as the central figure of the
University whose foundation he assisted to lay. The infirmi-
ties of old age are, however, too great to permit of a journey
of such length; but we have received from him a letter of
great interest, which Mr. Barff will now read."
The Registi ar then read the following letter : —
"The Grange, Totteridge, England,
"July 11, 1902.
"My dear Mr. Barff, — T have to acknowledge the receipt
of a communication signed by you on behalf of the Chancellor
and Senate of the University of Sydney, containing an invita^
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES- 11
tion to Lady Nicholson and myself to be present at the
commemoration to be held in Sydney on September 29, the
occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the foundation of the
"The evemt is one in which I feel the deepest interest,
as I suppose I am almost the only person now living who
was present at and who took a share in the foundation of the
institution half a century ago. All the eminent men with
whom it was my privilege to be associated in the glorious
task of laying the foundation of an institution, the success
of which is almost without parallel in any other section of the
British Empire, have passed away. I would particularly desire
to mention in relation to the work the name of W. C.
Wentworth, and the names of the chief executive officers and
the Grovemor of the colony for the time being, who took an
active share in the foimdation and magnificent endowment
of the institution from various sources. Had it been possible
for me personally to be present at the commemoration about
to take place, I know of no task which woidd have given
me more heartfelt delight and satisfaction. Separated, how-
ever, by half the circumference of the globe from the spot
and from the scene about to take place, and suffering from
many of the bodily infirmities inseparable from very advanced
years, my being able to take a personal share in the coming
celebration is an impossibility. I shall, however, be glad
to be permitted to request the expression on my behalf of
the deep and unmitigated interest with which I still regard
all that is connected with the prosperity and advancement
of the institution.
"Believe me, my dear Mr. Barff,
"Tours very faithfully,
" Charles Nicholson."
Resuming, the Chancellor said : — " Before we proceed to
the reception of our Visitors from other Universities. I propose
12 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
to ask your permission to send, in the name of this meeting,
a despatch congratulating Sir Charles on his being spared
to see this happy Jubilee of the institution for which he did
so much. His colleagues of that day have all gone to their
rest, but if the spirits of the just are ever permitted tO' re-visit
the scenes which in life lay nearest their hearts, then I know
that many a long-departed friend is with us rejoicing in the
full fruition of that which they planted and watered.
Where all were so eminent, and rendered such service,
it would seem almost invidious to select anyone for
particular notice ; but I cannot refrain from mentioning the
name of Wentworth, to whom New South Wales owes so
much in every department of her public life. In
preparing the Constitution of the University, in obtaining
the favourable consideration of the Government of the day,
and in piloting the Act of Foundation through the Legislative
Council, the services of Mr. Wentworth were so great, and
he showed such an admirable example of liberality to the
young institution, that he, if anyone, deserves the honourable
title of Fundator noster. His statue, one of the chiefest
ornaments of this hall, presents him to the life.
I must also mention Merewether, to whom more than any
other we owe this hall, unsurpassed for beauty, and rivalling
in its graceful proportions the finest and most admired acade-
mic structures of the old world. Let me also call to mind
the Professors who have gone before — ^Woolley, Badham,
Stephens, Pell, and Dr. John Smith, Men of the highest cul-
ture, they served the University well, and their memory is
green among us.
The students admitted to matriculation were : —
W. C. Curtis, D. S. Mitchell, R. Sealy, FitzwOliam Wemtr
worth, R. S. Willis, W. C. Windeyer, C. Allen, A. R. Riley,
J. A. Wilson, W. H. A. Hurst, W. A. Forshall, G. A. Moore,
John Kinloch, G. C. Curtis, R. M. Fitzgerald, R. Riddell,
Marshall Burdekin, E. Lee, H. W. Radford, T. B. Clarke,
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 13
T. H. Coulson, G. Leary, J. Leary, Alexander Oliver, and
J. W. Jolmson. Of these, Messrs. Oliver, Wentworth, Willis,
R. M. Fitzgerald, and J. W. Johnson are present with us
to-day ; Mr. Oliver has for many years been a member of the
Senate, and will address you at a later stage of our pro-
I must also mention the honoured name of William
Charles Windeyer. He was the first graduate of the Univer-
sity. His career was of high distinction, both in the public
life of the colony and in the profession of the law, in which
he attained a seat on the Supreme Court bench. His interest
in the University continued throughout life, and after serving
for many years as a Fellow of the Senate, he became Vice-
Chancellor on the retirement of the late Canon Allwood, and
ultimately Chancellor on the death of Sir W. M. Manning.
He occupied the latter office for but a short time, and, to
the great grief of his friends, he died in 1897, while travel-
ling in Italy. In him the University lost a true and warm,
I must also recall to your memory Mr. Blacket, the
architect, whose geoius has found expression in this building,
of which we are all so justly proud. It would take too long
if I were to enumerate all the benefactors who have displayed
their liberality towards the University. But I may mention
Mrs. Hovell, who founded a lectureship in geology in memory
of her deceased husband, Mr. W. H. Hovell, the colleague
of Hume in exploring the southern districts of the colony;
Mr. Fisher, the munificent founder of our library; Sir W.
Macleay, who presented the University with his collection in
natural history; Mr. Challis, who bequeathed a large fortune
to the University 'to be applied to the benefit of the institu-
tion in such manner as the governing body thereof should
direct ' ; and Mr. P. N. RusseU, now living in London, who
presented to the University a sum of £50,000 for the endow-
14 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
ment of the d&partment of engineering. May the liberality
of these benefactors stimulate others to follow their
Mr. H. E. Barff, the Registrar, then read the names of
the visiting delegates, who were severally presented by the
Chancellor tO' his Excellency, Sir Harry Rawson. After due
acknowledgment had been made of the letters of congratu-
lation sent by sister Universities, Professor T. G. Tucker,
M.A., Litt.D., delegate from the University of Melbourne,
delivered an address. He said: —
" The main duty which devolves on those of us
who represent the sister Universities of the world is
a very simple one, and also a very agreeable one.
We naturally congratulate in the warmest manner the
University of Sydney on its happy completion of fifty years,
not only of prosperous existence, but also of ever-widening
scope, increasing influence, and increasing good repute. Natu-
rally, also, we tender to the University of Sydney our hopes,
which are rational convictions, that it will see many another
fifty years of perpetual progress, and that you will develop
until even 'this magnificent house which ye have builded'
shall be but the nucleus of that mighty aggregate of struc-
tures which will exist in the time to come. And, finally, it
might seem sufficient if we thanked the University of Sydney
for the superb hospitality with which it has invited us to
share in the joy of its Jubilee. But I understand that it is
expected of those of us who have been invited, and I may say
laden with the responsibility of undertaking, to speak for
groups of Universities from this dais this afternoon, that
we shall say something more specific than simply offering
general congratulations, good wishes, and thanks. As
a riepresentative of the Universities of Australasia at
this high festival of yovu-s, I feel that I have no joint and
unequivocal warrant to speak for the Universities of Adelaide.
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 15
New Zealand, or Tasmania. But I have no reason to doubt
that the sentiment of Melbourne is the unanimous sentiment
of all the Universities of Australasia, nor that these Univer-
sities also feel profound respect and gratitude to an institution
which is not merely the elder sister of the Australasian
Universities, but in a sense the parent of them all. On this
occasion we may say frankly that we owe a great debt to
the mere fact that you established a University, and, by the
foundation of that institution, gave us an example, and by
ite progress an object lesson. We may acknowledge that
we other constituents of this Aiistralasia, as mutually emulous
communities, m.ade haste to follow that example, and to
profit by that object lesson. Speaking for the University
of Melbourne, which is nearest, not only in date — ^it difiFers
only by two years — but also in constitution and in scope,
I may say t>hat the fact that there existed in the New South
Wales capital a University, was an immediate stimulus to
us to have one founded in our own midst. If I remarked
just now that the component parts of Australasia were
' mutually emulous,' that emulation was no unworthy or low-
minded jealousy; it was that generous kind of rivalry which,
as Hesiod says, 'is good for the race of man.' We took a
fair advantage of your institution to rival, possibly to aut>-
But it is not merely the fact of prior existence for which
we have to thank the University of Sydney, though there is
good reason in that. We have to thank the founders of
the University for the gallant conception with which they
inaugurated it. We have to thank them for their lofty
conception of a University and its aims. The earlier people
of this State, the original leaders in the movement of found-
ing a University, were men who evidently understood what
a University ought to be. It would have been very pardon-
able if, in the bustling days of a comparatively infant com-
16 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
munity, the point of view had been much more illiberal,
much more Philistine, than it was. I am not disposed to
enter into comparisons of the men of the past with the men
of the present. I am not a very ready believer in the doc-
trine that the history of humanity is a history of decay.
As a matter of fact, Universities are being founded continu-
ally now, and all the more vigorooisly, because intelligent com-
munities perceive that the progress of civilisation, and even
the material industries, depend upon the advance of that
study, and the spread of that intellectual culture, which it is
the province of Universities to cultivate. We have, thien,
to thank, without any comparison of generations, those men who
founded this University, because of the view they took of
the University's place in the world. They were not satisfied
to make it a simple college; still less were they satisfied,
as they might have been, to make it a mere high school.
They held that a University ought to be the home of the
liberal arts and studies prosecuted to their fullest extent. In
keeping with that conception, there is something I cannot
refrain from saying in connection with the past of this
University. The founders of the University took the view
which is too often lost sight of by the powers that be,
that, after all, the success of a University, its value and
status, the potency of its work inside its walls and its esteem
outside them, depend, not upon certain elaborate curricula
and standards, but upon the abilitiesi, attainments, and charac-
ters of the men who teach inside it. You may systematise
and regulate till doomsday; you may establish on paper
what appear to be unsurpassable courses and standards ; but,
after all, the value to the community of an institution like
this depends on the men who are to communicate the sound
knowledge, the sound method of study, the right intellectuaJ
and ethical attitude. It would be invidious to choose indivir
duals from the list of those who have made a name for the
EECKPTION OF DELEGATES. 17
University as well as in it. But I do not think it would be
invidious if, in regard to certain past teachers in this
University, in a particular departmetnt, I speak with some
confidemce. Birds of a feather flock together, and, naturally,
my mind flies to those who have had control in this Univer-
sity of the classical studies and humanities. When T do so,
I think of that scholarly, high-minded, and ill-fated Dr.
WooUey — I think of that most brilliant and eminent Grecian,
Dr. Badham — and I also think of that ripe and sound and self-
sacrificing scholar. Professor Scott. I am not ashamed to con-
fess that nearly thirty years ago all that I knew of Sydney was
that it was a beautiful city on a beautiful harbour, and that
Dr. Badham was its Professor of Greek. The latter fact carried
to all who were concerned this information, that, no matter
what might be the condition of society otherwise, it was certain
that within the walla of these lecture-halls the Greek that
was taught was in no sense paltry or provincial. We of
the other Universities owe some thanks to the University
of Sydney for setting us examples in that way.
There are considerable differences between us as Aus-
tralasian Universities; but there is one aim, there is one
ideal, in which we are united. We have our local differ-
ences, we are not all equally equipped, we axe not all
equally wide ; our local conditions demand certain satisfactions
special to themselves. But, while that is so, we all main-
tain that a University is an institution which is intended
to keep the intellectual life of the community on a level with
the life of the best communities outside. We may not be
able to achieve this, but this, at any rate, is our conception
and our aim. We do not think that we are, as some people
are pleased to imagine, isolated from the national life. We
endeavour to touch it at all points that we can; and for
that reason, if no other, we have our local differences. I, for
one — ^for I know that the subject has been mooted more
18 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
tiian once— look with satisfaction, upon those local difierences.
The notion is abroad — it generally emanates from those whose
phUoeophy of education is late by a generation or so — that
the Universities of these Australian States might be+.ter be
incorporated into one, with precisely the sajne methods,
stajidards, curricula, and, as far as possible, the same teach-
ing. That may seem very plausible to those who love a pretty
system, without troubling much what that pretty system may
achieve ; but anyone who has been initiated into the element*
of educational philosophy will know that the very germ of
progress is difference — differences and divergencies under a
common aim. There is only one form of federation of univer-
sities upon which we agree. It is not a theoretically recog-
nised form, but it is a form of practical federation which
actually exists, and is abundantly efficacious. It is illus-
trated in this way. I am now upon this platform as repre-
sentative of the University of Melbourne. A moment ago
I was the representative of the University of Cambridge. I
have been connected, as a Professor, with the University
of New 'Zealand. My colleague, Professor Spencer, is here
representing the University of Oxford and Owen's CJollege,
Manchester, and he is a member of the teaching staff of
the University of Melbooime. Your own staff is composed
of men drawn from the Britisit Universities — ^the Universities
of England, Scotland, and Ireland — as ours is, and as most
of the staffs of the Universities of Australasia are. Herein
we have the one practical form of federation which ought to
be encouraged, and, having enoouraged that form to the
fullest, we can then exert through our varieties the best
possible effect upon the progress of education in Australasia.
Whatever our differences may be, there is one sentiment on
which we are all agreed to-day, and that sentiment may be
conveyed to the University of Sydney in the one phrase —
Flureat Academia Sydneiensis ''
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 19
Professor Baldwin Spencer, M.A., F.R.S., delegate of
Oxford University, and Owen's College, Manchester, fol-
lowed with an address expressive of the sentiments of the
Universities of the Old Country towards similar institutions
on our side of the globe. He spoke as follows : — "In the great
majority of the congratulatory addresses present-ed to you
to-day there will probably occur the words 'severed by the
whole world.' It is this wide severance from the old world
which renders it impossible for the Home Universities to be
represented amongst you to-day by anyone actually holding
high o£B.cial position amongst them. They have thus been
obliged to invoke the aid of their old alumni in these distant
parts, and, throoigh them, convey to you their kindly feelings,
their congratulations on the past, and their most cordial hopes
for the future.
I have the honour of presenting to you addresses froan
the University of Oxford and the Owen's CoJlege, Manchester,
and the yet higher honour of offering to you, on behalf of
their representatives, the congratulations of the Universities
oif Great Britain generally.
Oxford and Manchester may be regarded as typical of
two main aspects of University life and work in the Old
Country. To those of us who know the Oxford of the pre-
sent, especially to those of us who have profited by the width
of her sympathies, it is difficult to realise that fifty years
ago, when this University was being founded, the doors of
Oxford were closed to those who could not conscientiously
subscribe, or at least say that they did so, to the thirty-nine
articles; nor within the walls of the older Universities was
there any provision at that time for the teaching of subjects
now regarded not only as of the highest importance, but as
absolutely essential for the teaching of any University
which lays claim to being abreast of the education of
20 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
The Scsottish Universities had always been more closely
in touch with the people, and at a later period the older
Universities in England removed the obsolete restrictions
which not only narrowed their choice of students and teachers,
but hampered and interfered with their work. Up to this
time, science, except so far as it wsis represented by mathe-
matics, was practically unknown in them ; but novr they
welcomed new studies and new methods, and placed them-
selves in close relation with the intellectual life of the
It was also Oxford which, first, in the foundation of
Toynbee Hall, made the attempt to cajry the influence of
University men out amoingst the masses of a great metropolis
— a movement which was the forerunner of what has since
been called Univeai^ity extension work, which, whether it has
or has not proved to be all the success which its promoters
hoped it might be, was at least an honest attempt to bring
the Universities into touch with the people.
Undoubtedly the most striking event, from many points
of view, in the history of the older Universities during recent
years, has been the great bequest of Cecil Rhodes to
Oxford. That a man of affairs, wliose life had been spent
in the midst of storm and stress, and the keen competition
of modern times, should leave this money to be associated, not
with one of the more modern Universities, but with the oldest
seat of learning in Great Britain, is eloquent tribute to the
fact that the close of the thousand and more of years which
have passed by since the first hall was built beside the
Thames, finds Oxford holding a foremost place in the active
intellectual life of the modem era.
It was here, in the beautiful and historic surroundings
of colleges and gardens, whose very air of aloofness and
withdrawal from the world gives them a chaxm of their own
that the man of the world thought it best that students of
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 21
the Anglo-German race should be gathered together from fax
•countries to gain knowledge in common, and be influenced
by the genius of the place, so that, when it came to their
turn to go out into the world, they might be better able to
deal with men and with affairs.
The influence of a University upon its students is only
very imperfectly measured by the mere amount of know-
ledge which they may gain, and the tie between an old
student and his University ia one which caji never be entirely
severed. There are not many men to whom it is possible
to repay their debt to their abna mater, as Rhodes paid his
to Oxford; but there are very many to whom the knowledge
that their old University keeps a watchful eye upon those
-who have been trained within her walls, and that any work
of value which they may do redounds, however slightly, to
the credit of their old University, acts as an incentive to
■do and to give of their b^>. It is at least a keen pleasure
to any worker in any branch of activity, whether it be
politics or commerce, letters or science, to know that his old
University feels proud to reckon htm amongst her alumni.
This link between a student and his University is naturally
stronger in the case of the older Universities than it can
be in that of younger ones; but, as time goes by, and as
generation after generation of students passes out into the
-world, traditions begin to cluster round the old lecture rooms
sbnd laboratories, and in years to come the old Sydney man
-will feel to his University what the Edinburgh man now feels
to Edinburgh, and the Oxford man to Oxford.
At the time, rather more than fifty years ago now, when
the older Universities were practically closed to all except
-the wealthy, it occurred to a far-seeing man, as then
unknown, and not as we should call now a wealthy man,
living in the centre of a large mainufacturiiig population,
that the time had come when it was right and proper to
22 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
bring the teachings of a University to the doors of thoso
who could not affoo-d to, and many of whom were debarred
by religious scruples from proceeding to, the older Lniversi-
ties. In this way there was founded by Owens the college
which now bears his name, and which has been the forerunner
of others, such as those of Liverpool, Leeds, and Bristol, and,
later still, the Birmingham University, which now play their
part in bringing within the reach of the people that training
which is essential to the success of a great nation.
At this time, also, the Act of the Colonial Legislature
incorporating the University of Sydney received the Royal
assent. It seemed in those days a bold thing to attempt
to establish a L^niversity College in Manchester. How much
more diflS.cult was the undert.aking in a distant colony T
Manchester was at least within easy reach of London, Edin-
burgh, Oxford, and Cambridge. Old literature could be con-
sulted, and new books procured as soon as published ; apparar
tus necessary for scientific woi-k was available on the spot;
and, more important almost still, the teachers had the nearly
indispensable advantage of easy intercooirse with others who
were engaged in the same class of work. In Sydney the con-
ditions were compleitely reversed ; old literature was non-
existent; books and scientific apparatus by no means easy
to secure ; and the teachers were severed by the whole world
from the centres of literary and scientific activity, and from
all chance of intercourse with fellow-workers, and the stimulus
to work which this implies.
Fortunately, at the inception of this University, as well
as at that of kindred institutions, there were men of hig
ideas, who could look ahead into the future, though possibly
even most of them would be no less astonished than gratified
if they could come back and witness the growth of the
University, and wander through its halls and laboratories.
In one respect they would cex-tainly be astonished. In the
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 23
Act of incorporation, mention is made of studies and degrees
in the faculties of Arts, Law, and Medicine; but I believe
that I am correct in saying that the word science does not
once occTir. I do not mean that there was no provision
made for science teaching, but that, as was natural fifty
years ago, science was regarded either in the form of mathe-
matics, as part of an Arts course, or in the form of chemistry
as an adjunct of a medical course. The idea of science pure
and simple as capable of standing by itself, and as worthy
to ta£e its place side by side with Arts, Law, and Medicine,
does not appear to have occurred to the founders.
Without interfering with the due place which the repre-
sentatives of science would freely admit must, if the Univer-
sity is to be of high rank, be maintained for the liberal
studies iisually included under the name of Arts, the fact
that in a newer University, such as this, science and pro-
fessioaial studies must occupy a very large place, has been
freely and generously recognised, and to-day Sydney possesses
laboratories and equipment for the higher teaching of science
and for research of which any University might be justly
In the early days of its history, and, indeed, right
through its course, the University has been intimately asso-
ciated through its Senate and teaching staff with hcfih. the
older and the new Universities at Home ; Dublin, Edinburgh,
Oxford, Cambridge, London, Glasgow, and Manchester have
all added their quota to the strength of the teaching staff.
Not only has this University fulfilled the expectations
of its founders in the high character of its teaching and the
high standard maintained in its examinations, sending out
into active life men who, commencing with the first Premier
of the Commonwealth, occupy positions of honour in politics,
in the legal, medical, and engineering professions, and in
commerce also ; but it has, in addition, fulfilled that other
duty which is equally important with that of teaching; in
fact, unless which be fulfilled, the teaching itself is not likely
to be of the highest class, and that is, it has, by the re-
search work of its teachers and graduates, added to the sum
of human knowledge. By their work they have gained honour
and recognition for themselves, and for the University a
recognised position amongst the seats of learning.
Naturally, in the early days, the almost entire absence
of facilities for research, and the time and energy which had
to be spent on organising and routine work, rendered work
of this kind well-nigh impossible; but if the progress oif the
University during the next fifty years be commensurate with
that of its first fifty, and more especially with that of the
last two decades, then those who are fortunate enooigh to
be present at the celebration of its first centenary will have
sincere cause for congratulation.
Just as your science laboratories remind us of the newer
order of things, so does this hall call to mind more than any
other spot in Australia the historic buildings of the older
Universities ; and, on behalf of those whom I have the honour
to represent, I express the hope that, in combining the best
of the old order with that which is best in the new, the
record of this University in the future may be one of con-
stant and brilliant progress."
Considerable interest attached to the speech of Sir
Samuel Griffith, G.C.M.G., M.A., Chief Justice and
Lieutenant-Governor of Queenslajid, who spoke, as a success-
ful man-of-afiairs, of the value of an University training as
a preparation for an active interest in the aSairs of life.
He said : — "I desire first of all to thank the govea^ning body
of the University for inviting me to be present on this
occasion. I thank them for remembering me. I have been
living now for many years in a part of Australia which
is unfortunately almost a terra incognita for many people
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 25
in New South Wales, though we there pride ourselves on
knowing a good deal about you. I have felt some difficulty in
considering from what point of view I should presume
to address such an audience on such an occasion. I cannot
exactly speak from the academic point of view, for, though I
have the honour of being one of the oldest graduates of this
University, 1 have never taken any part in its academical
affairs, and have never even had the privilege of being pre^
sent at a meeting of convocation. It occurs to me that I
am better fitted to say a word or two on University affairs
regarded from a somewhat different standpoint, not from the
inside of the University regarding it subjectively, but from
the point of view of one who has had the advantage of a
University education, and has been in the world a not unobser-
vant person, seeing what has been going on ajround him in
the States of Australia. I should like to say a word or two
on tbe Universitiesi of the States, and how they are regarded
by a large number of people in Australia. And, firsit, let me
say, there is not a man in this building, or in Ausitralia,
who is more deeply indebted to a University training for any
success he may have attained than myself. Whatever
I have been able to do in the world I attribute almost
entirely to the good fortune that brought me within these
walls in the days when Dr. Woolley was Principal of the
University. There are many people outside who ask
what is the good of a University, and particularly
from the point of view of the humanities, or the classical side.
The notion is that young men, or young women, as it is now,
go to a University, where they learn a certain number of facts,
which they retain in their memory long enough to pass the nec-
essary examination — or fail at it : They then go away and, to
a great extent, forget all these facts. And people say, 'What
is the use of his learning a little Latin, perhaps som© Greek ;
he has forgotten it all. How much better is he to the
community than if he had never been there?' That is a
26 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
way of regarding the matter which is very common. I know it,
because I come from a State where there is no University,
and I know all the arguments that have been used about the
expenditure of money to give a higher education, as it is said,
to a. few persons. There is a great deal of truth in that criti-
cism. After all, what a man learns at the University is com-
paratively little. I myself must have learned a great number
of facts when I was here, because I passed a great many
examinations, and I am certain that of all those facts I
scarcely retain any. Yet I say there is no man who went
through these halls who is moi^e indebted to the University
than I am. "Why? I will tell you why. It is not the lea>ming
of the facts, and the committing of them to memory, that
is the real good. That is to say, they are merely a means to an
end, as in the case of the training of the athlete. No man
when he leaves the University is a properly-educated man.
When Dr. Woolley was here we were all expected to know a
certain amoiunt of Greek. There was one word which was a
favourite with him. It was the Greek word (nrauSatoi
which means 'earnest' and 'thorough' ; and if I usefully learn-
ed any lesson here, it was not the Greek and Latin words, or
mathematics, or science ; but I had this very firmly impressed
on my mind, that the duty of a mjan in the world is to be
earnest and thorough in all he does. I claim to have learned
that lesson, though I do not profess to be able to practise it.
It is said that you can learn that just as well without going-
to a University. I am not so sure that vou can. You
can read it in books, and hear it preached in churches, but
the daily influence of men like Woolley and Badham is the
great benefit, to my mind, of a University as a national
institution, as an, element in national life, entirely apart
from the mere scientific or practical side of it. In those days
the University was not so richly endowed as it is now^
though it might do with some more money even now — but
still I have been surprised to see the amount of work don&
KECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 27
with the limited means ; and it has no need to be ashamed of
the men it tumed out. Of the men on the scientific side there
is no need to speak. We know their value in the northern
parts of Australia at any rate. There is another aspect of Uni-
versity affairs as they affect the public. The late Dr. Creigh-
ton (Bishop of London), one of the most distinguished prelates
who has adorned the bench for many years, lately said : —
' The great defect in Eaglish life at the present time is
the failure to apprehend the importance of knowledge in it-
self, and as au element in the national life.' If that is true of
England, with all its Universities, all its culture, and
with all the culture that is expected from every
man who attempts to take any prominent part in the affairs
of the country, I venture to say from somie observation of
the affairs of Australia — and I have had many opportunities —
that if the criticism is applicable to England, it is twofold
more applicable to Australia. The great defect in Australian
life is the want of apprehension of the vaJue of knowledge in
itself. When it comes to the exact sciences, everyone admits
the importance of knowledge. You would not employ a surgeon
unless you thought he had a competent knowledge of anat-
omy. You would not employ a metallurgist — or they would
not in Queensland — unless they were sure he had a knowledge
of the subject. Even in what may be called the more material
and less scientific branches of affairs, such as commerce,
knowledge is appreciated. Who is the successsful mer-
chant? The man who makes himself acquainted with all
the material facts, and applies his mind thoroughly U> them.
When you turn to the more abstract arts, shall I say to the
highest art of all, the art of governing— for the art of govern-
ing is the highest art of all, and affects the welfare of more
human beings than any other— is it a matter of fact or not that
the public expects to find competent knowledge on the part
of persons who undertake the duty, a knowledge of the nature
of the duty they have undertaken, and of the necessary facts ?
I fear not. But, after all, knowledge is not enough of itself,
without an intelligent application of it. There is throughout
Australia a want of accuracy in thought, a carelessness
of expression. That is one of the great defects of
the people; the work is done, but it is done after a
fashion, and no one seems to think it is his duty to do his
very best, and not be satisfied until he has done his best. Each
thinks, 'Oh, that is near enough, it is as good as the other
fellow did it, and no one ought to be dissatisfied.' Those are
the lessons I used to learn — earnestness and thoroughness in
the great duties of life. I believe these great lessons can
only be taught effectually in a University, and by the men
engaged there in teaching. It is because I believe in
the importance of recognising the truth of the words which I
have just quoted from the mouth of Dr. Creighton — the im-
portance of knowledge, of an intelligent, thorough, and exact
application of knowledge in all branches of human affairs — tliat
1 have said these few words. I speak from the
standpoint of one who, having himself had the in-
estimable privilege of education in this University, has
since had the opportunity of observing how public affairs are
carried on. It may be that what I have said is not applicable to
New South Wales ; I fear it is. It is applicable to most parts
of Australia at any rate. We see men who with the best
intentions, but with an imperfect knowledge, try to perform
their duty. They are inadequately equipped for the purpose
because of their imperfect knowledge. It appears to me they
are undertaking a task very much like that of making mortar
without lime. I believe the greatest and most tiseful lesson
that can be taught in any University is the lesson of
thoroughness and earnestness, thoroughness in the acquisition
of knowledge and earnestness in its application. If the pub-
lic understood that the probable effect of a University edu-
cation would be to equip men in that way for the great duties
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 29
of life, there would be very little said against the
establishment of the University or its liberal endowment.
It is all very well to say, as somei people do, that a demo-
cracy prefers to be governed by the ignorant. It does not
prefer to be governed by the ignorant any more than does
anyone else. It desires to be led by its best men. We are a
democracy here, if ever there was a democracy in the world,
and we are likely to be one. Let the leaders be the best
men. Although there have been many distinguished men on
the rolls of this University, there are not so many in public
life as I should like to see. You have had some here ; we have
had some in the north. You have supplied two Supreme Court
Judges to New South Wales, three to Qoieensland, a Premier
to Australia, more than one to Queensland, but in the Legis-
lature the number of graduates of the University is fewer
than I should wish. May I suggest to the graduates that they
should endeavour by their conduct in life to lead the public
to believe that, whether they have devoted themselves to the
arts or the sciences at this University, the effect of University
training has been to make them fitter men for condjucting the
affairs of the country, and for leading their fellows. Then
they will be doing good service, both to the University and to
their country. I desire heartily to join in the congratuW
tions which have been offered to you by so many Universities
throughout the world."
Mr. Alexander Oliver, M.A., President of the Land
Appeal Court, and one of the earliest students of the Univer-
sity, made a short speech of a less formal nature than those
delivered by the preceding speakers. He recalled "the early
fifties." He drew upon his store of whimsical reminiscences.
He compared old times with new. His address was as
follows: — "Mr. Chancellor, your Excellencies, Ladies and
Gentlemen, — I feel that I am occupying a place which wouJd
better have been allotted to that old and esteemed friend of
mine, and fellow-student, whom I see sitting in the second
30 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
row, only as a listener. The son of the great man who gave
this State (then a colony) a Constitutioai, and, what, perhaps,
is of more interest to us all to-day, a University — Fitzwilliam
Wentworth — woidd much more fitly than myself have repre-
sented the now nearly extinct twenty-four who, fifty years
ago, were all the undergraduates of this University. But
the Chancellor seemed quite serious when he paid me
the unexpected honour of naming the duty which, with much
pleasure, from one point of view, but with sorrowing reminis-
cences from another, it now behoves me to set about wistfully
tirying to undertake. And those who know that Chancellor
as I do, after the experience of many years of close friend-
ship, know that, when he means what he says, which is not
seldom, he generally arranges thart> his meaning is not to stop
short at words — a characteristic of the 'way they have in the
Navy' (we owe his coming here to that grand service), and
also in the ' 'Varsity,' of which he is the honoured representa^
tive this day. It was, as you see, an irresistible combination
for me. And 'right here',' as they say on the other side of
the Pacific, let me offer my respectful congratulations to the
Chancellor, ,vho, when I last saw him energizing in this
Hall, was not yet Sir Normand MacLaurin, the well-earned
name by which he will, with the applause of all good men,
continue to be known, I trust, for many years to come. The
Chancellor has already adverted to the losses in our ranks
resulting from death, removal, and resignation; but as an
old school-fellow and fellow-student, and a familiar friend of
a lifetime, it is not possible for me to say how sadlv I miss
from this Jubilee platform one of our first students, who was
our first graduate, first Parliamentary representative, and our
last Chancellor — ^Sir William Windeyer. By his death, the
first students of the University which he loved so well are
reduced to sax; but all of them may well be consoled for
the appearance this day of our depleted roll by such an event
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 31
as this we are met together to celebrate, even if, perchance,
the strains of an Academic Nunc Dimittis are heard in the
not far off distance by the few that are left.
Their Naval Excellencies will, I hope, correct me if I
misquote a phrase or saying that is said to be current in
their service. It is that if any of the Admirals of old renown
were allowed to step aboard the ships which now beaj their
names, so stupefied would they be by the magical evolution
from the line-of-battleship of the end of the eighteenth century
to the battleship of 1900, that they would even forget to salute
their own quarter-decks ! Well, something akin to the feel-
ings of these old Admirals would be the condition of a Sydney
undergraiduate of 1852 re-visiting his Ahna Mater, after an
absenice of half a century !
Will you bear with me for a few minutes while I try
to bring into comparison a very few features of the past and
the present of this University. And first consider the change
of site and buildings. In '52 we of the first contingent
attended the Professor's lectures in class-rooms in the base-
ment of the Sydney Grammar School, in College Street, and
some feet below its level, in cellars. They were true and
earnest University missionaries, those first three Professors,
Dr. John WooUey, Morris Birkbeck Pell, and Dr. John
Smith ; but oh ! what sort of material and place did we offer
them for the exercise of their educational powers ! The
average of our ages would be about 16 or 17; the average
of our knowledge about that of an indifferent fourth-form boy
in (say) the present Sydney Grammar School. Very soon
those Professors discovered, to their dismay, that their func-
tions would be something between a private coach for a boy
whose education had been neglected, and the tutor of a
small English University Hall. The University lecturer wa.s
for the future. I can well remember, for I happened to
sit next to him, on a form facing, our first Professor of
32 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
Classics, when, rather unexpectedly, my neighbor was put on
to construe a passage in the first book of Livy. The words
were, 'Caput obnubito — infeUci arbori teste suspendito.' 'Cut
off his head,' said the translator, 'to an unhappy tree hang
up the rest of him.' The Doctor glared sorrowfully at my
friend, and, as was his habit at lectures, opened and shut
the blade of his penknife very ominously, but was too stag-
gered to do anything more than give forth a long and deep
drawn sigh. We had some very liberal translators in those
days, and, for aught I know to the contrary, our beloved
Doctor reckoned m© up as one of them. After the Classical
Lecture came the Mathematical; when Professor Pell would
use up all the resources of his seductive manner and
methods to coax us to tackle a simple equation, or some
mathematical problem of equal obscurity to us, it is hardly
thinkable how we must have vexed the soul of that good
Senior Wraingler. Then there was Doctor Smith, from
Marischal College, Aberdeen. He lectured on Chemistry
and Physics, ajid I fear we remembered too often againat
him those interesting experiments which did not come off as
they ought to have done — the red precipitate would precipi-
tate itself blue or green ; but then there was always in
attendance the Professoo-'s Demonstrator-^-Burrows, the
University Bedell — and the Professor's well-repressed anger
on these untoward occasions naturally fell on the Bedell
Demonstrator. Lastly, there was poor Hugh Kennedy, the
Registrar— a kindly, scholarly Balliol man, on whom often
fell the duty of assisting Dr. Wooiley as Classical Lecturer.
We had Shakeaperian readings of an evening in those days,
alt which a frequent participator was our venerable Benefao-
tor, Dr. (now Sir Charles) Nicholson; likewise other sym-
posiac entertainments to encourage us. For in those early
years there was a vei^ raw embryonic feeling haunting us.
The University had not yet got into touch with our people;
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 33
ilmost all looked askajice at it, and as to us, if we ventiired
>utside the precincts of the Park, into George or Pitt Streets,
people stared at us, habited in our strange academic pro-
aerties, as if wc had been Daimyos of Old Japan. Mean-
while, the politician was never tired firing off his jibes at ua
in Parliament ; the clergy saluted us as the novices of a
godless institution ; we were to be a ridiculously costly failure,
whose education at a University was an intolerable burden
on the taxpayer. And this state of things lasted too many
I had left Sydney for Oxford when in Governor Denison's
proconsulate, the Koyal Charter put this University on the
same level, in regard to Degreesr, as the old Universities of
England. The Charter marks the date of our entry into the
goodly society of recognized Universities ; and thenceforward
jibes and jeers were to lose all their sting. Yet still the wealthy
squatter and merchant hesitated to send his sons to join our
colours ; and it remained for that great man — Charles Badham
— to talk, and laugh, ajod beat down the prevailing aloofness.
There was but one Faculty in those early days — ^Arts —
equipped with three Professors and one Bedell. J>emonstrar
tors there were none ; for the State Endowment was but
£5000 a year, and that was begrudged us. Now we rejoice in
the possession of four Faculties — having added Medicine, Law
a/nd Science. We have fifteen Professors and the same number
of Demonstrators. Counting Lecturers and Tutors, the Teach-
ing Staff now numbers no fewer than eighty men and women.
Last year our Students numbered close on 700, and our Gradu-
ates 1548, while the Roll of Convocation showed 1271 names.
True, we have lost parliamentary representation, but we have
gained the inestimable boon of the Woman Student. And
still there are several Chairs which we cannot t h ink of estab-
lishing for want of funds. So that the occasions for achieving
immortality are ready to hand; and indeed there is any
amount of room in our University, hampered as she often is
34 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE
by want of pence, for the operations of Aristotle's MeyaXoTr/Deir^s.
We can do with quite a number of them ; and their names will
be registered and their gifts chronicled in our ' Golden. Book
of Worthies,' by Mr. Barff, in company with the honoured
naanes of Challis, Wentworth, Russell, Fisher, Macleay, and
the rest of oxir Benefactors.
The eloquent ajad persuasive speakers who ha.ve preceded
me— and for this you should be duly grateful — have exhausted
some topics that otherwise might have been too tempting for
me to resist. Expansions in all directions meet our eyes ; no
novelties to the men of 1902, but very much so to those of '52.
For example, the Affiliated and Women's Colleges, the excel-
lently-equipped Laboratories, the Library, the Scholarships,
Bursaries, Museums, Exhibitions, this magnificent Hall, and
the great pile of buildings now adorning what we knew as
Grose Farm ; and last, but not least, we have undertaken that
most momentous problem, the higher education of the Lady
"Voter, and the diffusion of soixnd, but not too serious, views of
academic life, by means of an unsubsidized 'Hermes.' But
neither your time nor patience could sustain any further
drafts — if justice were to be done to these topics — and I
must leave them.
The remnant of the First Contingent, whom I have the
honour and privilege to represent, deeply appreciates all the
kind words our visitors have spoken of our University of 1902.
Yet, if I may take the liberty of differing from so distinguished
a Visitor and former Student of Sydney as Sir Samsiel Griffith,
and if I have not misunderstood him, our roll of men who have
deserved well of their Alma Mater, and also of the State, is
not quite so sihort or unimportant as he appeared to think.
He himself holds high rank among the five Eminent Judges
who have been our contribution to the Supreme Court Bench
of this and other Australian States. To the District Court
Bench we have given at least half-a-dozen highly-accomplished
Lawyers. We have educated, academically at least, several
Ministers of the Crown. Two of our Graduates adorn our Pro-
RECEPTION OF DELEGATES. 35
f essorial Staff, and we have been able to spare at least four or
five Distinguislied Graduates to sister Universities. Astronomy
owes Henry Chamberlayne Russell to this University; and
how many eminent King's Counsel and Members of each
branch of the legal profession, how many practising medical
men of distinction, how many engineers and other votaries of
Science, the same benign mother can count as her offspring;
and whether reckoned in number or value, we all know, but
make no boast of; but her children have certainly not been
niggardly of the dpempa due to her for their intellectual
nourishment when it is remembered, as in fairness it shoidd
be, that for well-nigh half the years of her existence, Sydney
University was not a word to conjure with, but a peg for dis-
paragement, a plaice that it was populai- to belittle, and the
fashion to avoid.
That it has been, allowed even to so few of the Students of
1852 as six to have outlived that bad period, andJ to behold
this great gathering of sympathizers from nearly every portion
of the Civilised World, which is concerned with the higher
education of men and women, is matter for our profoundest
gratitude and appreciation. We are not at the same time un-
conscious of our shortcomings; and we trust that our visitors
will not fail to tell us candidly wherein they have discovered
us to be weak or behind the times. Therefore, to each Pro-
fessor or representative of a British, Foreign, or Australasian
University, while saluting them with the heartiest of welcomes
on behalf of the First Contingent, I would) take the liberty of
quoting those well-worn Horatian lines : — ' Si quid novisti
rectius iitis candidus imperii.' I may not, however, complete
the quotation, and add — ' Si norif, his utere mecum' -, for those
words would better come from the mouth of one of our Public
Teachers more intimately connected, than myself, with the
work and methods of our University."
At the call of the Chancellor, three cheers were given for
His Majesty, King Edward the Seventh, and for Queen Alex-
andra. Cheers were also given for His Excellency and Lady
36 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
Rawson ; for the Universities ; and for Sir Normand MacLau-
rin. Tke Students sang " Gaudeamua Igitur " with great
heartiness, to the organ accompaniment of Mr. A. B. Mote;
and the proceedings terminated with the National Anthem.
DINNER BY MEMBERS OF CONVOCATION.
In the evening the visitors to the University were enter-
tained at a dinner given by members of Convocation at Shad-
ler's Rooms. There was a large assemblage, comprising many
gentlemen distinguished in political, social and academic
circles. The Chancellor of the University presided, and among
those present, in addition to the visiting delegates, were : — His
Excellency Rear- Admiral Sir Lewis Beaumont, K.C.M.G-. ; the
Right Hon. Sir Samuel Griffith, G.C.M.G.; the Hon. B. R.
Wise, B.A., Attorney-General of N.S.W. ; the Members of the
Senate and Professors, and most of the Teaching Staff of the
University, together with a large number of members of Con-
The following toasts were honoured : —The "King," pro-
posed by the Chancellor ; the "Governor-General and Common-
wealth," proposed by the Chancellor, and responded to by the
Honourable Senator R. E. O'Coainor, M.A., Vice-President of
the Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Australia;
the "Governor of New South Wales," proposed by the Chan-
cellor; the "Navy and Army," proposed by the Hon. Sir
Arthur Renwick, B.A., M.D., and responded to by Vice-Ad-
miraJ Sir Lewis Beaumont, K.C.M.G., Naval Commander-in-
Chief of the Australian Station, and Colonel G. R. Campbell,
M.A. ; the "Minisitry and Parliament," proposed by His Honor
Judge Backhouse, M.A., and responded to by the Hon. B. R.
Wise, B.A., Attoamey-General for New South Wales, and the
Hon. J. H. Carruthers, M.L.A. The toast of the "Universi-
ties" was proposed by the Hon. Mr. Justice A. H. Simpson,
M.A., Vice-Chancellor of the University, and responded to by
M. Le Goupils, Delegate from the University of Caen; Pro-
fessor E. von B. Bensley, M.A., Professor of Classics in the Uni-
CONVOCATION DINNER. 37
versity of Adelaide; and E. B. CargUl, Esq., Vice-Chancellor
of the University of Otago, New Zealand. The toast of the
"University of Sydney" was proposed by the Honourable Mr.
Justice Clark, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Tasmania,
supported by James Hay, Esq., M.A., Delegate from the Uni-
versity of New Zealand, and responded to by the Honourable
Senator R. E. O'Connor and Professor Francis Anderson, M.A.
The toast of the "Chainnaji" was proposed by Fitzwilliam
"Wentworth, Esq., M.A., and the proceedings terminated.
38 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
PROFESSOR MacCALLUM'S ADDRESS.
At 11.30 o'clock on the morning of Wednesday, October
Ist, a large audience assembled in the Great Hall to listen to
Professor MacCallum's address on "University Influence." The
chair was taken by the Chancellor, and among those seated on
the dais were the visiting delegates, the Vice-Chancellor (Mr.
Justice A. H. Simpson), the Bight Hon. Sir Samuel Griffi^.h
(Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of Queensland), Dr.
Sydney Jones, and Judge Backhouse.
Professor MacCallum was received with applause, and
heard with undivided attention by the audience. He said : —
Mr. Chancellor, Ladies and Gentlemen, — •
In regard to' most Universities it may be difficult to say
what was the motive cause that brought them into existemoe,
the germinal idea from which they have grown. Such is not the
case with the University of Sydney. Whatever we may owe
to the pious aspirations and tentative efforts of his predecess-
ors, it is with Wentworth's intervention that our history-
begins ; and he has left a clear and unmistakable record of the
conception he formed of the function of the University, the
conception that enlisted his energy, influence and eloquence on
behalf of the scheme. 'As he told the Council when recom-
mending to them what he said would be "their crowning act,"
"their crowning mercy," the new institution was "to enlighten
the mind, to refine the understanding, and to elevate their
This then is the raison d'etre of Sydney University, not
merely a characteristic that has belonged to it from birth, but
the very principle of its life ; what in certain by-gone systems
of philosophy would have been termed its virtue or its form^
Doubtless a corporate organism is not quite the same as an
PKOFESSOK MACCALLUm's ADDRESS. 39
animal organism. The latter, however much it may be
affected by its habitat, its food, the thousand and one chances
of its environment, can never lay aside its original nature or
change into something else. The former, with the same name
and much the same resources and personnel, may have its pur-
pose so altered as to be barely recognisable. Still it will sel-
dom altogether break with its history or belie its origin, ani
in the present case it has not dbne so.
It is perfectly true that the University of Sydney now
possesses professional schools, in all of which one object is to
enable the student to earn his living, and in some of which one
object is to increase the material resources of the State. But
the justification of these in the economy of the University is
that their training, by the knowledge it involves and the
methods it enforces, has its own place in a system of advajuied
instruction. Not only in the theoretical sciences and the
liberal arts, but in the practical departments of Medicine,
Engineering, Law, Mining, and in others that may yet be
added, it is claim'cd that the requisite discipline pitimotes
such insight into principles, such exact observation, calcula-
tion and inference; as themselves constitute an intellectual
education. No one is less competent than I from experience to
form an opinion on. such a subject, but I vent/uxe to support
the assertion of those who are better able to do so ; for it seems
pretty clear that there are very many mansions in the house of
culture, and very many doors to each, moving "on such strange
geometrical hinges that you may open them both ways," as
well by theory as by practice ; and that access to them is af-
forded both by general knowledge and by specialism.
I assume then that the purpose set forth by Went-
worth is stUl being fulfilled and is still the main purpose
of the University. It is combined in various measures with
other purposes, but this is an essential element in all depart-
ments and a predominant element in some.
40 UNIVEHSITY JX7BILEE.
Now, ia this as it ooight to be? There are not wanting in
this community and in the general commtmity of the English-
speaking races critics to disparage precisely this, which we take
to be the distinctive note of the University. If one could get
them to utter their real thoughts they would say that the pur-
suit of material affluence ought to be the first object of all who
are still without it, and that with a view to this they should
mould their lives. In so far as advanced teaching ministers
to this, they would tolerate it, but they would scan its claims
to help man in the race for riches with grave suspicion, and all
of it that could not be shown to Tpay, in the most literal sense
of the word, they would reject.
■Kiat such are the latent sentiments of many I feel sure
from this, that they have received quite frauk exposition in the
writings of a self-made millionaire, who is no mere worshipper
of Mammon, but a credit to his class, a man of active philan-
thropy, with some real width of outlook, with no small gift of
literary utterance. What Mr. Carnegie, the munificent foun-
der of libraries in the United Kingdom ajid the United States,
the benefactor of the Scottish Universities, the author of books,
which, whatever else one may say of them, are written with
great directness and vigour — what he says on such a subject
may well be taken as expressing the feeling of large numbers
with whose opinion the Universities have to reckon. And when
he says it, he does not, to use the homely German metaphor,
wear a leaf before his mouth. No doubt he owns that the Uni-
versity course may be a good thing to the leisured classes and
a necessaiy thing to the professional. No doubt he even owns
that it may give "higher tastes and aims" and "a world to
enjoy, into which the mere millionaire can never enter." But
these admissions are after-thoughts, which Mr. Carnegie
seems to insert on reviewing his spontaneous utterance. He is
too able a man not to see their urgency, but they do not come
to him when he is putting his case, and they do not affect the
PROFESSOR UACCALLUII S ADDRESS. 41
drift of his argument. His ideal is the "fortmiate poor young
man" who, by honourable and assiduous efficiency, which home
influences and innocent recreations keep in due repair, amasses
a huge fortune, and then employs it for the benefit of his
I think this is a fair statement of Mr. Carnegie's attitude.
It appears in advice like this : "Do not rest content for a mo-
ment in your thoughts as head-clerk or foreman, or general
manager in any concern, no matter how extensive. Say each
to yourself, my place is at the top. Be King in your Dreams.
Make your voiv that you, will reach that position with untar-
nished reputation, and make no other vow to distract your at-
tention" — except the vow of marriage, when, you can afford it.
To fit a man for the strain thus imposed, Mr. Carnegie incul-
cates a taste for reading, though, if on subjects apart from his
occupati'oni, chiefly as a relaxation, and therefore chiefly for the
reading of novels, good works of fiction, "being when one is
exhausted in mind and body, and especially in mind," among
the best means of enjoyment and rest ; and he gives a very good
list of novelists from this point of view. Finally, in regard to
the attainment, he adds the weighty admonition : "As an end
the acquisition of wealth is ignoble in the extreme. I assume
that you save and long for wealth only as a means of enabling
you the better to do some good in your day and generation."
These things then seem to give the gist of Mr. Carnegie's
ideal. I am only, for convenience sake, taking him as a typical
figure, as the franker and abler exponent of views that are less
articxxlately held here, there, and everywhere ; so I do not in-
tend to discuss how he works out this ideal in details.
In them it would be easy to show, as some of his
critics have done, a good many odd contradictions and mis-
takes. Thus he has an unmitigatedj contempt for the past,
especially for the classical past, of which it is permissible to
suppose that he knows very little, and of which he affirms that
42 UNIVEHSITY JUBILEE.
its "chief province is to teach us not what to adopt, but what
to avoid," while its history is made up of the "petty and
insignificant skirmishes of savages" : but nevertheless he has
a good word to say for Milton, half of whose inspiration, ma-
terial and manner, is of classical origin. He makes no secret
of looking down on the "salaried graduate," who yet, on his
own admission, may, with his "higher aims and tastes," be a
much more useful person than his millionaire master. He
rashly asserts that "from the cottage of the poor all these
(i.e., teachers, martyrs, statesmen, poets, and men of affairs)
spring" ; which, of oooirse, is mere claptrap. Inspiration,
like the wind, bloweth whither it listeth, and in point of fact,
the great achievements in the history of human progress are
the monopoly of no particular class. Mr. Carnegie has been
somewhat roughly dealt with for blunders like these. BeaJly,
he was bound to make them, starting as he does from his ideal
of the foo-tunate poor young maji, cheered by family affection
and refreshed by light literature, struggling by honourable
means to weaJth which he will use for social aims.
Now I wish to say at once that this seems to me an ideal
worthy of all respect. It is infinitely preferable to no ideal at
all, to an existence "everything by starts and nothing long,"
drifting this way and that, without anything to give it consdst-
ency and meaning. And it is infinitely preferable to some
other ideals. The mere pursuit of wealth is better than the
mere pursuit of pleasure or ease or comfort: apart from the
additions it brings to the world's stores, it involves in the pro-
cess something at least of strenuooisness, concentration, self-
control. And this gospeil of the modern millionaire does not
preach the mere pursuit of wealth. Its attainment is limited
by moral provisoes ; it is accompanied by the humanising influ-
ences of the domestic circle, and at least by some of those of
literatiure ; it is dignified with the prospect of using the richea
acquired for the benefit of mankind.
FROFESSOB MACCALLUM's ADDRESS. 43
Moreover, it is an ideal that has done much for us as a
race. Substituting sermons for novels, and, I fear, deducting
something from Mr. Carnegie's diffusive liberality, it is not
unlike the spirit that for more than two hundred years has
animated the bulk of the British nation and that has carried
British commerce and colonies all round the globe. We cer-
tainly do not wish that spirit to flag. We are filled with ap-
prehension at any symptom of its doimg so. The grasp of the
British Empire and its constituent States and its constituent
members, on the industrial and mercantile world needs to be
tightened rather than relaxed, and one of the problems of the
time is to infuse new intelligence and efficacy into the methods
of its enterprise.
It would be childish to mistake the significance of all this.
It is not merely the jingoism of trade, the pride of purse in a.
nation of shop-keepers, that inspires such feelings. It may be
desirable to supplement this appreciation of the value of
wealth with other considerations, but in itself it is perfectly
legitimate and. perfectly right; and will probably continue to
subsist as an element in any general scheme of living. For the
tendency of the modem spirit in Europe and in communities of
European origin ia to recognise that the results of a higher
civilisation are not to be divorced from material resources. In
no department can an adequate standard be reached unless the
individual or the community is possessed of a certain measure
of opulence, which again implies successful, earnest and itnre-
mitting effort and thrift. Socially there cannot otherwise be
any great amelioration in the condition of the people. It is
no apostle of trade or materialism, but the poet Heine who
says : — "We have measured lands, weighed the forces of nature,
calculated industry ; and, lo, we have found that if we all work,
and don't live one at the cost of the other, this earth is big
enough to offer every man room to build on it the cottage of
his content, and that we need not refer the larger and poorer
44 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
class to Heavea" as the only place where they can be happy.
Or in the intellectual domain of science, the subtler researohei
into nature, involving as they do costly laboratories and appa-
ratus, are impossible without accumulation of capital in private
or public hands. It is the same with the elevated enjoyments
of art ; how without wealth are any, far less many, good pic-
tures to be nifide accessible? Even books, the cheapest and
most universal medium for the transmission of spiritual treas-
ures, are not to bo had in any sufficiency and variety, save in
libraries that can only be provided by the power of gold. Take
even the typical examples of those who, in modem times, have
lived for the contemplative life and reduced their physical
wants to a minimum. Take Spinoza, earning a frugal liveli-
hood by polishing optical glasses that he might be unfettered
in his thought ; or Wordsworth communing with nature among
his mountains, and content with the coarsest clothes and the
simplest fare. Would they have become what they were with-
out the study and travel for which their early resources fur-
nished the means ? And would they have been able to carry out
their programme but for the fact that tJie one lived in a weal-
thy community, for whose highly specialised wants he catered ;
and the other was made independent by the generosity of a
wealthy friend ? Ttim where you will, you find that though the
human spirit may assert its infinitude in the austerest restric-
tions, though in Hamlet's words, it might be bounded by a nut-
shell, and not only be counted, but be, " a king of infinite
space," yet to realise its possibilities, to attain its full deve-
lopment, it must have oomm-and of this material world.
And yet admitting all this, I think we feel that there ia
something wrong about Mr. Carnegie's doctrine. It is a doc-
trine congenial to the age and tacitly held by very many, and
it is not without its cogency and nobility. Still, "make it
your vow, and your only vow, to be at the top," with whatever
qualifications, is not so inspiriting an appeal as has sounded in
the ears of the young men of other generations, whom prophets,
apostles, poets, patriots, sages exhorted to count gain as dross.
PROFBSSOK MACCALLUm'b ADDRESS. 45
and vow themselves to fatherland, or liberty, or truth, or re-
ligion^ I do not think ib is quite so satisfactory as the ideal
which Wentworth promulgated for this institution, to enlight-
en the mind, to refine the understanding, and to elevate man-
For, in the first place, as one who is not a man of affairs
may be excused a certain malicious gratification in pointing
out, it is a little visionary, a little sentimental and fantastic ;
it shows a certain deficiency in practical common-sense. There
is no infallible prescription that will turn a man into a million-
aire. As was truly remarked by lago three hundred years ago,
"We cannot all be masters." If the young men Mr. Car-
negie was addressing were so innocent and so romantic as to
take him at his word, and register their solemn oath to attain
wealth, or in his own expression, to become "Bosses,'' nothing is
more certain than that the majority of them must be disap-
pointed. Such a disappointment would be a small matter if
they had not given liheir hearts to the golden dream. If they
had set their affections on other things and trained their minds
to an intelligent participation in the various interests, whether
of pleasure" or duty, that lie at the doors of us all, they would
find it very tolerable to move in a subordinate sphere during
their business hours, and put up with plain living plus high
thinking in their leisure. This would be the resource of others
of whom Mr. Carnegie has a low opinion, those who pray,
"Give me neither poverty nor riches," and divide their lives
between the various calls of our multiple human nature. Their
ambition is practicable, and the chances are that they will
realise it. But I fear that most of those who have narrowed
their outlook to the one particular end of self-aggrandisement
will have small reason to thank their monitor. In their hallu-
cination of millions, they will sacrifice the modest happiness
that could nourish and satisfy their souls ; and one might say
to them as the old gentleman in Rabelais said to Picrochole of
his design to conquer a thousand kingdoms : "I am very much
afraid that all this enterprise will be like the farce of the milk-
46 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
jug, with which the cobbler made himself rich in his day-
dreams; and then, the jug being broken, had not the where-
withal for his dinner."
Even in the cases where the purpose is accomplished, one
questiotns if it is a very desirable thing. We need not consider
the danger to character which absorption m the pursuit of ma^
terial success brings with it; for the hypothesis is that this
danger has been victoriously withstood. We are to assume that
"the Boss" has won his millions with hands unstained and
heart unchilled, and is now eager to apply them liberally. But
admitting all this ; admitting that he is an upright man, a
good family man, one who has studied his own business and
read for recreation, and is actuated by the purest philan-
thropy, does it follow that he will wield his power aright?
For remember that his money gives him enormous power. The
millionaire is, if he likes, the plutocrat. He is the uncrowned
king of modern society, and the divine right by which he
reigns is acknowledged by thousands of loyal subjects as fully
in republics as in monarchies, perhaps even more so.
Now, granting his commercial rectitude, his domestic virtues,
his business efficiency and his goodwill, is he the fittest pearson
to hold such sway? Mr. Carnegie himself is aji admirable ex-
ample of the type he describes. Yet surely his munificent gift
to the Scottish Universities might have been more productive
of good had it been freed from some of the conditions that his
rather aubjective estimate of the ciroumstiances and his mis-
appreciation of certain great interests imposed. He has his
severe limitations, and he has been able to make his own cap-
rices count more than it is expedient that they should. In one
place he advises professors and professional people : "Do not
invest in any business concerns whatever ; the risks of business
are not for such as you." It is sensible advice, as some of us
have reason to know. But in countries like Germany, where
a wonderful system of education is organised by experts, not
by amateurs, he might possibly receive the advice in return :
"Do not try to legislate on any academic matters whatever ;
PROFESSOR MACCALLUm's ADDRESS. 47
the problems of Universities are not for such as you." Such
an answer would be impossible in a British community, for in
all departments we refuse to admit the infallibility of the ex-
pert and allow great scope to the mother wit of the individual.
Both systems have their own advantages and disadvantages.
One of the disadvantages of ours appears most strikingly when
a private opinion, however honestly held, receives undue in-
fluence merely on account of the wealth of its advocat-e. For
not all who have the means and will for princely beneficence,
have the wisdom to direct it to the best ends, or, like our
own ChaJlis, the equal wisdom to sink any fads of their
own, and put their resources without limitation at the dis-
posal of those who may be expected to know. I believe that if
ChaUis himself instead of his mere marble counterfeit could be
present to-day, he would look round on us well pleased that
the Senate had used his unrestricted bequest to promote the
study not only of science, theoretical and applied, but of such
ideal subjects as mental philosophy. Generally, however,
the Emperor of Business will be a little apt, like other empe-
rors, to insist with the best intentions on having his own
crude and arbitrary notions enforced. How many instances
have we of pernicious charities and crotchety foundations!
And Mr. Carnegie's panacea, that the plutocrat should donate
the money in his lifetime, instead of bequeathing it at his
death, seems likely to make things worse rather than better.
For it prevents the lawyers from exercising their philanthropic
ingenuity in getting more good out of the benefaction. than the
The truth m that the cult of material success, as a univer-
sal, or, indeed, an ordinary principle, means, even with such
qualifications as Mr. Carnegie sees fit to introduce, a displace-
ment in the true order of human interests. As he himself can
be shown to admit. He stipulates that wealth shall bo
honestly come by and that it shall be usefully employed.
He says that he assumes these things. They are thus his
presuppositions, essential and indispensable, and as such they
have the prior claim. The one is the condition and postulate,
the other the purpose and goal; both, therefore, take pre-
cedence of any scheme of means. But the honesty and good
■will are moral qualities, and the ability to use wealth bene-
ficently implies intellectual enlighi>enment. So it turns out
that these m,a,tters, after all, must be the prime objects of the
ideal fortune builder. And if only the author of the "Empira
of Business" had made this explicit to himself, he would have
seen things in their t.rue perspective, and given them in their
proper sequence. Amended to meet the necessities of the
case, his message would have become, so to speak, a modernised
version of the old precept : "Seek ye first the kingdom of God
and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unti>
you." And of the truth of that, very often for the indi-
vidual, and almost always for the community, there can be no
doubt. How do we account for the material advance of
Germany in the beginning of the 20th century, but by the
sturdy morality of her people, and the tenacity of thought
and depth 'of vision that were taught her by her philosophers
and poets, her Hegels and Fichtes, her Goethes and Schillers,
at the begiiming of the 19th? And these possessions count
more than any physical prosperity. The Germany of 1802
was divided, unequipped, poor. It could be said of her that
while France had' the empire of the earth, and England the
empire of the water, she had only the empire of the air. The
Germany of 1902 hcis unity, authority, resources : she has her
armies on land, and her^fleets at sea. And yet, perhaps, the
future historian of civilisation will consider that the world
owes more to the Germany of a hundred years ago than to
the Germany of to-day.
But not only are the things of the spirit productive of and
superior to the things of sense, they supply the only tenure
by which we can hold them. If we swerve from the more
" Little thinking if we work our souls as nobly as our iron,"
the result will surely be the loss of the tangible wealth \re
PKOFESSOE maccallum's addkess. 49
prize. Ladiss and gentlemen, I wish you to remember that
such views are not merely a devout imagination of the dreamer,
the enthusiast, the recluse, but the sober conviction of every
thinker worth the name who has touched on these questions
at all. I suppose it would be diificult to find a mind more
immersed in practical interesits than Bacon ; in some ways the
most typical philosopher of our race; that one, at any rate,
who for a long period most fully expressed the national cha-
racter. His object is to make philosophy rich and powerful,
he despises solitary meditation, he hopes to extend the King-
dom of Man ; i.e., his control of the resources of nature. Well,
even in Bacon, you will find running through his treatises
and essays and aphorisms a hearty homage to the disinterested
pursuit rather than to the palpable result. Here is his
mature opinion on wealth . "I cannot call riches better than
the baggage of virtue — the Roman word is better, impedi-
menta; for as the baggage is to an aJ:Tny, so is riches to vir-
tue : it cannot be spared, nor left behind, but it hindereth the
march ; yea, and the care of it sometimes loseth or disturbeth
the victory." In the same spirit he has a contempt for those
who prefer the experiments that bring fruit to the experi-
ments that bring light; say, for those who think more of the
inventions of Mr. Edison than the discoveries of Lord Kelvin.
He summarily dismisses the judgment of Midas, "that, being
chosen judge between Apollo, president of the Muses, and
Pan, God of the flocksi, judged for plenty." Midas, you will
remember, was the millionaire of his day, whose touch turned
all things to gold, and who, for the very judgment to which
Bacon refers, was accommodated with a pair of ass's ears.
And of those who are too eager for immediate and positive
gains, he says : " Like Atalanta they leave the course, to pick
up the golden apple, interrupting their speed, and surren-
dering the victory."
I think, then, that not merely poetical and idealisrtic high-
flyers, but Bacon, with his naturalism and experimentalism,
wt)uld agree with Wentworth as to the function of the Uni-
50 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
versity, "to enlighten the mind, refine the understanding, ami
to elevate mankind."
I should like to say a word or two on these points. En-
lightenment of the mind and refinement of the understand-
ing — these refer, in the first place, to the intellectual influ-
ence which the University should exert. The elevation of
mankind refers rather to the ethical and social influence.
Now the intellectual influence cannot better be summed
up than in the word culture. It is a word that one is rather
shy of using, since it has been appropriated by the " superior
person," for whom we have all, I trust, a becoming detestation.
But it is a good word, too good a word to resign to such hands,
and it is the only one that serves my present purpose. Do
not be afraid ; I am not going to try to give you a definition
of culture. I only wish to point out that it has at least two
important aspects, and that these are indicated respectively by
the two intellectual influences which Wentworth says this
University should exert, the enlightenment of the mind and
the refinement of the understanding.
What gives light to the mind is knowledge. But know-
ledge, though more or less of it is implied, is not the same
as culture. We may have a knowledge of many facts, even
of laws and principles, and remain quite uncultured people.
The result may be merely the accumulation of comparatively
useless and unvitalised information. A man may be a walk-
ing encyclopsedia, and yet be only a pedant — for there is a
pedantry in science and the professions, as well as in scholar-
Refinement of the understanding, on the other hand,
refers rather to the mental activity itself. It is the process
by which the intelligence is made a finer, a subtler, a more
delicate instrument. And this, too, is required in culture,
but is not the same thing. We have, doubtless, met many
very clever persons, who are capable of the most dexterous
intellectual gymnastics, whom we should refuse to call cul-
PH0FES80K MACCALLUm's ADDRESS. 51
As inert knowledge leads to pedantry, so formal adroit-
ness leads to sophistry. And each object, when pursued merely
for itself, defeats its own aim. , Knowledge, when not intelli-
gently manipulated, soon ceases to be discriminating, confuses
the great and the small, and thus, in a world where there is
an infinite number of things to be known, misses the most
important, and really becomes ignorance. A barren and
«mpty clevemess, again, loses its grasp, forgets how to distin-
guish between the show and the substance, the plausible and
the true ; and ends in a fatuousness that may rightly be
Now, of culture, whatever more may be said, I think
we may say at least this : that in it each of those elements
is present — in various proportions, it may be, but always inj
such a way that each saves the other from corruption, and
enables it to fulfil its own end and the end of both. Know-
ledge is not merely obtained and inserted, but is so assimi-
lated by the mental process, that it passes, as it were, into
the blood of the intelligence, and thus maintains and equips
. it for the acquisition of new truth. And the intelligence
does not revolve in the void, consuming its own machinery,
but is so exercised on the realities of things that it is not
merely an activity but a storehouse. Knowledge that has
life, motion, growth; intelligenice that has seriousness, verity,
substance — ^these, 1^ think you find in all true culture ; and if
that is so, there is no reason why we should be ashamed of
Now this culture, according to our first great spokesman,
it is the function of the University to create or increase.
Surely he was right, in this. In each one of its departments
it has the double task, of imparting knowledge — but knowledge
that will kindle with its own heat ; and of enforcing a mental
drill — ^but a drill that will prepare less for the parade than
for battle and conquest. To fulfil this twofold object must at
least be the aspiration of the highest educational institution
in the State. And it cannot be questioned that such culture
52 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
in both of its aspects — as knowledge, from the direct intuitions
of poetry to the reasoned demonstrations of mathema-
tics — as training, fiom the disciplined observation of science
to the disciplined sympathy of criticism, tends to the elevation
of human nature. But when we talk of elevating mankind
we generally mean something more directly practical than
this. And what is the moral somewhat that the University
is, in the second place, specially summoned to supply? Of
course every activity and every organisation has some kind of
bearing on conduct ; and I shall not weary you with an enu-
meration of the various modes in which University pursuits,
like all other pursuits, have their conscious or unconscious or
reflex action on character. What we have to considier is,
whether the University has anything to give in this regard
that cannot be attained so well or so fully elsewhere. Has
it a distinctive contribution to make to the influences that
go to form the good man and the good citizen ? Ladies and
gentlemen, I think that it has ; and this was a point on which,
if I may be allowed the reminiscence, in my own student days,
the Principal of my old University failed not to insist. The
members of a University form a society that, in some im-
portant respects, differs from most other societies in this worka^
day world, and differs from them in being more rational and
ideal. The youth who compose it are held together by the
similarity, that permeates all difference of detail, in their
aims and methods. They are directly or indirectly equip-
ping themselves for life by the enlightenment of their minds
and the refinement of their understandings. And not only
is there thus a oneness of spirit seldom found elsewhere; the
bond of union is surely a peculiarly noble and beautiful one.
Neighbourhood, race, force, defence, gain have had a good
deal to do with the formation of other communities ; but in
this the principls of combination is supplied by the intellect
itself. There ought, therefore, to be, I rejoice to think that
there is, among our undergraduates a sense of citizenship in
no mean city, a high spirit of fellowship that comprehends
PROFESSOR MACCALLUm's ADDRESS. 63
and pervades their vaxious groups, that is not hindered but
fostered by their honourable rivalries, and that culminates be-
tween individluals in those University friendships which we,
the University men of an older generation, can tell you are
a,mong the grand prizes of life. And in accordance with its
origin, the arrangements of this society are more rationul
than those we find in the rough make-shifts of ordinary exist-
■ence. The polities of the world are only gradually organising
themselves by the rule of right reason. In them^ the possession
of title or birch, of wealth and influence, of blatant impudence
and unscrupulous push, accidents or irrelevances or veritable
defects, often weighs heavily against the claims of real desert
and ability. It is not so in the Platonic Republic of the
University. It is a republic which one may call an aristo-
cratic democracy. The career is open to everyone, and pro-
eminence goes to the capable; merit is all in all. The student
who does well will come to the front ; the idle or incompetent
will fall to the rear. Of course even here there are qualil:-
cations to be made. So far as academic distinctions are con-
ciemed, the test is far the prescribed studies and at a par-
ticular stage of mental growth. It no doubt occurs that the
youth who has most in him does not always take a foremost
place, because, for instance, his gifts demand another field, or
because his mind is slower to mature. But in the particular
thing at the particular time, the machinery of the University,
allowing for the limitation of human faculty, does provide for
the promotion of efficiency, and — which Huxley considered
even more important — the demotion of inefficiency. And if
it occasionally happens that the meritorious fails of his
due in the lecture-room and the examination hall, there are
the comitia out xA doors, athletic, social, technical, literary,
where, if he have it in him, he has the opportunity of "wield-
ing at will our fierce democracy."
Well, the whole constitution of our society seems to me
more perfect than that of almost any other that could be
named. One might without irreverence describe it as a Givitas
54 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
Dei, the divine pattern to which othea- hlmnan societies slowly
tend. And I cannot but believe that membership for three
years or more in this ideal republic, which is founded on reasoa
and right, must remain an inspiring and effective memory in
later years, when our youth go forth as graduates to do their
part in perfecting the State, the Commonwealth, the Empire
of fact, in which they are to live and work.
This aspect of the University is indeed so characteristic
that from it the name is derived. The Universitas meant the
society, the commuV'ity, as though the circumstance of the
fellowship between th« members were the one essen-
tial thing. And yet it has another side, which is
perhaps even more important still. When I was
young, the original meaning of the word wag gene-
rally forgotten, and it was popularly explained as referring-
to the universality of the knowledge which a University
imparts. The gradual displacement of the old meaning by
the new seems to me most significant; for, despite the deri-
vation, this is the idea which in point of fact we associate
with a University now. And observe, when we think of this
universality, we do not mean a mere omnium gatherum of
subjects, "a litter ..of facts," a "bazaar," or "cattle fair," to
quote Newman's vigorous expressions in reproof of such a
conception. We imply that there is a certain order and
connection in the sum of the parts, so that together they form
what Bacon finely calls a globus intelleelualis, an intellectual
world rounded and complete. This aspect of the University
as a whole may not indeed be prominently before the con-
sciousness of the individual student, who is working at a par-
ticular group of subjects or at a typical selection! from several
groups; but even such fractional studies imply it, and the
sense of it is about him and above him. He only needs to
stand up and look round, and it will be borne in on him at all
And I do not know whether this special influence is more
for the mind or for the heart, whether it makes more for
PROFESSOE MACCALLUm's ADDRESS. 55
culture or for conduct ; but I am sure it is helpful to both.
This ordered system, this hierarchy of universal knowledge and
teaching, brings home to us the solidarity of the various
departments of human existence : because the same principle,
the same reason, the same inner necessity, underlies and inter-
penetrates them all, in some more externalised and therefore
more demonstrable; in others, more pervasive, and therefore
harder to grasp. It is present in the relations of space,
number and motion; in the free mechanism of the heavens,
and the applied mechanics of men. The physicist traces it in
the processes of heat and light, of electricity and magnetism ;
and the chemist in the action of his elements and com.pound3.
It has moulded the history of the world as revealed by geology,
and works in the organic life of plant and animal. The same
rational law inheres in the structure of the human body, and
its behavioiur in health and disease. In the human mind it
appears identical yet different, and in all the objective cre-
ations of that mind, its speech, its laws, its literature, its specur
lations ; in their development in history ; and in the history
of the human race ; and it reaches something like completion
in the account that philosophy gives of itself. In short, the
University, which is greater than all its members, greater
than all its faculties, aims at giving a synoptic view of ^human
knowledge. Doubtless it is far from doing so. It has many
lacunae, and even in the departments which it recognises, the
building is never finished, is often unfurnished, and even of
temporary materials. Nevertheless, it is a witness to tbs
totality of civilised man's view of the world, as that view iS
a witness to the totality of the world itself. With all its im-
perfections it testifies to the coamectiom and completeness of
that other greater Unvversitas, the All, of which we are petty
parts, yet of which it is our prerogative to form some concep-
tion. And w-3 cannot say whether this great spectacle is
more stimulating to the intellect or to the heart. To the
intellect; for it furnishes an ideal, which we may, if we like,
dedicate ourselves to fallowing further in each special branch,
■without losing otirselves in special research, or forgetting that
it is only one degree in, the scale of being. To the heart ; for
it brings home the insignificance of each of us, and yet his
dignity in being privileged to conceive the whole, in which he
is included, and even in a sense co-operate with its activity.
Let me illustrate the sort of influence these considerations may
have in enlightening the mind, refining the understanding,
and elevating human nature, from tha words of the old Eliza-
bethan, who devoted his life to giving his countrymen an ac-
count of what Mr. Carnegie calls those "petty skirmishes of
savages" which Homer described, and who, in his original
work, was animated with the thought of that past which, we
are told, only teaches us "what we should avoid." This is what
the "religious and temperate" Chapman, in proud humility,
deemed the sum "of all the discipline of manners and of man-
" A man to join himself with the Universe,
In its main sway, and make (in all things fit)
One with that All, and go on round as it.
Not plucking from the whole his wretched part
And into straits or into nought revert.
Wishing the complete Universe might be
Subject to such a rag of it as he :
But to consider, great necessity
All things, as well refract as voluntary,
Reduceth to the prime celestial cause ;
Which h"? that yields to with a man's applause.
And, cheek by cheek, goes crossing it no breath,
But like G-od's image, follows to the death —
That man is truly wise."
Well pleased with the mental fare provided by Professor
MacCallum, the audience then departed to enjoy physical re-
freshment, and to prepare for the Harbour Excursion, given
by the Teaching Staff.
THE HARBOUK EXCURSION. 57
THE HARBOUR EXCURSION.
Shortly after 2 p.m. the Pore Jackson Company s S.S.
?:uring-gai left the Manly Wharf, Circular Quay, with abooit
m guests on board. The ladies were slightly in the majority,
,nd the effect of the many bright and beautiful springtide
ostumes was strikingly picturesque. First the boat ran
Q a northerly direction as far as Cockatoo Island at the en-
rance of the Parramatta River, a spot of historical and scien-
ific interest, as well as of considerable beauty. Then the
ourse was altered, and a trip was made past the thickly-
wpulated suburbs of the North Shore, round Bradley's Head
nd the harbour defences of the bluff of Middle Head, and
ar into the hill-shetlered winding waterways of Middle Har-
lour. Thus the guests were given an opportunity of seeing
he remarkable natural advantages of our harbour, its mag-
itude, its complexity, its multiplicity of roadsteads, and' its
lanifold beaiuty. Afternoon tea was served on the main
nd upper decks, while the main deck forward had been fitted
p as a smoking-room for the gentlemen. The enjoyment of
be outing was largely increased by the excellent music dis-
oursed by the Vice-Regal Military Band, under the able
Dnduct of Mr. L. de Groen. The following programme was
mdered: — 1, Grand Overture, "Light Cavalry" (Suppe) ; 2,
hrand Selection, "Carmen" (Bizet); 3„ Gavotte, "La Cigale"
^.udran); 4, Grand Selection, "Runaway Girl" (Caryll); 3,
'alse de Concert, "Casino Tanze" (Gung'l) ; 6, Grand Seleo-
on, "Faust" (Gounod) ; 7, Excerpt, "The Geisha" (The Jewel
f Asia) (Jones); 8, Grand Selection, "Les Cloches de Corne-
ille" (Planquette) ; 9, Valse de Concert, "Belle Nita" (Tro-
re); 10, Festival March, " Tanuhauser " (Wagner); II, Grand
slection, "Bohemian Girl" (Balfe); 12, Fantasia, "Remmis-
■nces of Scotland" (Godfrey). An early return was made to
le city, and the Kuring-gai was once more moored at Circular
uay at about 4.30 p.m. .
58 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
In the evening a Conversazione was held at the Univer-
sity. It was attended by an immense crowd of visitors, in-
cluding the delegates, representatives of the army and navy,
and of the political, social, artistic, professional, and commer-
cial world of Sydney, and very many members of Convocation
from every quarter of the State. Guests were received by
the Chancellor iu the Great Hall. Academic dress naturally
predominated among the costumes and the degree-hoods of
various faculties andl institutions gave variety to a particularly
brilliant scene. Among those present, in addition to che
visiting delegates, were His Excellency the Visitor of the
University (Sir Harry Rawson) G.C.M.G., C.B., His Excellency
Sir George Clarke (Governor of Victoria), Lady Clarke and
Miss Clarke, His Excellency the Naval Commander-in-Chief
(Sir Lewis Beaumont) and Lady Beaumont, the Hon. Sir Nor-
mand MacLaurin (Chancellor) and Lady MacLaurin, Brigadier-
General Finn, the Heads of the affiliated Colleges, and a large
number of graduates. At about half-past 8 o'clock Hia
Excellency Sir Harry Rawson, at the invitation of Professor
Anderson Stuart, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, unveiled
a portrait of the Chancellor. This picture, executed by the
English artist, Mr. Ronald Grey, during a recent visit to
Australia, is an excellent likeness. It shows Sir Normand
MacLaurin in profile at three-quarter length, seated in his
robes of office. While performing the ceremony, the Gover-
nor explained that the portrait had been presented to the
University by subscribers!, to effect the preservation, in that
Hall of Fame, of the memory of a great benefactor to the
University of Sydney — a man who had given time, and
thought, and labour, steadily and continuously, to the higher
education of the State. The Chancellor responded suitably.
Ranged upon tables along the v/all of the Great Hall were
a number of valuable exhibits. The attention of the guests
THE CONVBKSAZIONE. 59
■was particularly attracted by the imposing array of congratu-
latory addresses from other Universities, upon many of which
artistic taste and skill had been lavished to good purpose.
The Hall was connected with the Macleay Museum by a cano-
pied and carpeted passage, blazing with electric light, and
decorated with the flags of all nations. In the Museum, which
was similarly adorned, supper was provided. The surround-
ings were not those usual on such occasions, but the spirits
of the guests seemed to be in no wise damped by the presence
of natural history specimens— by the sinister silence of bottled
snakes, or the grim pleasantry of human skulls. After sup-
per the visitors made a tour of the scientific laboratories.
Experiments were conducted for the gratification of the guests.
The paths between the different departments were lined witli
festoons of flaglets and electric globes. In the Great Hall
an excellent progranune of music was provided by the Vice-
Begal Orchestra, conducted by Mr. L. de Groen, and the organ,
played by Mr. A. R. Mote: — 1, Grand Overture, "Dicht and
Bauer" (Von Suppe), V.R. Orchestra and organ; 2, Organ
Solo, Introduction Act III. "Lohengrin" ('Wagner) ; 3, Grand
Selection, "The Geisha" (Jones); 4, Intermezzo, "La Czarin"
(Ganne) ; 5, Song (Comet Solo), "The Lost Chord" (Sullivan),
ace. by V.R. Orchestra and organ ; 6, Organ Solo, "Commemo-
ration March,'' Op. 37 (A. R. Mote), composed in honour of
the Jubilee, and dedicated by kind permission to the Chancel-
lor, Sir Normaad MacLaurin ; 7, Grand Selection, "The Run-
away Girl" (Caryll) ; 8, Grand March, "University Jubilee"
(Mayer), orchestra and organ, composed in honour of the Jubi-
lee of the University, and dedicated by kind permission to the
Chancellor, Sir Normand MacLaurin ; 9, Organ Solo, "Concert
Rondo" (Hollins); 10, Gavotte, "Melanie" (Lincke); 11, i'es-
tival March, "Tannhauser" (Wagner), orchestra and organ;
12, Valse de Concert, "Madame Sans Gene" (Lane) ; 13, Organ
Solo, "Mazurka," Op. 10, No. 1 (Elgar); 14, Grand March.
60 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
"The Bride Elect" (Sousa). On the Science Square the New
South Wales Police Band, under the conduct of Mr. Wiliiam
George Bentley,, played a number of selections.
PROFESSOR ANDERSON STUART'S ADDRESS. 61
PROFESSOR ANDERSON STUART'S ADDRESS.
On the morning of Thursday, October 2nd, Professor
Anderson Stuart addressed a large audience, at the Medical
School, on the subject of "The Majority of the Medical
School." He spoke as follows : —
To find the origin of the Medical School we must go back
to that of the University itself, for, as we shall see, the eventual
establishment of a Faculty of Medicine was always contem-
plated by the founders of the University, and it appears to
me impossible that Dr. Henry Grattaa Douglass, whose share
in founding the University will presently be explained, could
have worked so faithftdly for the establishment of the Univer-
sity without thinking of his own faculty, as something neces-
sary to itis full development and usefulness, and he is the first
person of whom it is recorded that he took a step ultimately
leading to the foundation of the University.
We learn in a letter, printed for private circulation,
written by Mr. Francis Merewether, Chancellor of the Uni-
versity in 1865, that Dr. Douglass had been a resident and an
official in the colony, and that he was a physician of long
standing, who had practised his profession in France, in which
country Mr. Merewether had known him. The Doctor had
left the colony for a time, but returned in charge of an immi-
grant ship, and from that time, Mr. Merewether says, the
foundation of a university became apparently the chief object
of his thought, and he discoursed on it frequently and
earnestly. He says : " Partly because of our former acquain-
tance, and partly, perhaps, because he found me more sym-
pathetic than most of his hearers;, I came in for much of this
discourse. Ho knew that I was in the confidence of the
Governor and the Colonial Secretary, and on one occasion he
€2 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
formally asked m© to endeavour so far to interest them in the
project as to induce them to take action at once. I declined,
because I knew well that, though they would both feel great
interest in the object, they would, in that s^^e of the colony's
existence, regard any movement in the matter as premature.
But I added that if he was in earnest in his desire for
immediate action, his best caurso would be to interest his
friend Mr. Wentworth ; and I ventured to add, that if Mr.
Wentworth could b© induced to take the matter up, and gain
the necessary support of the Legislature, he would have the
support of the Government. Mr. Wentworth did take the
matter up warmly, and through his active exertions an Act
to Incorporate and Endow the University of Sydney was
The first Senate consisted of 16 Fellows, noniinated by
the Governor in 1850. A vacancy having occurred in 1853,
Dr. Douglass was elected by the remaining members of the
Senate. Why Dr. Douglass was not nominated to the original
Senate I have not discovered, but when one reads the account
of the quarrel between him and Marsden, as given in Rusdten's
History, and when one learns that the Governor had soi much
trouble in making up the list of the original Senate, that the
passing of the Act of Incorporation was actually, on that
account, delayed for a whole year, it is not difficult to imagine
that there may have been political motives for the omission of
his name ; but it is significant that the newly-appointed Senate
should have taken the first opportunity of co-opting him. In
the same way he was omitted from the first Tjegislative Council,
although the part li6 had taken in public life justified him in
expecting to be included. This omission he felt — though he
afterweurds did become a member of the Council.
He appears to have been a man of great activity of mind
and body, and there were few things of public concern that
happened under Governors Brisbane, Darling, and Gipps in
PnOFESSOK ANDERSON STUAET's ADDBESS. 63
■which he had not a share. As a young man he was in
charge of a regiment in the Peninsular War. Then he saw
service in the West Indies until 1812, when he returned to
his native Ireland. He now joined a band of philanthropists
■who sought to ameliorate the condition of prisoners, and was
a personal friend of men whose names are well-known in the
annals of philanthropy — 'Fry, Hoare, Gurney, and Allen.
It was this association which brought him to Sydney, where
he probably thought he might find an ample field for his zeal
and plans. It was he who introduced into the colony the
law of limited liability in commercial partnerships, and that
which abolished public executions, long before these measures
were adopted in the old country. He took a prominent part
in the organisation of most of the charitable and educational
Institutions of the colony, and his last effort was a project for
taking better care of the blind. He was a member of that
Building Committee of the Senate which settled the plans of
the University and rejected the first design, which was for a
brick building with stone facings ; and in this connection it
is interesting to record, what is known to few, that one of the
two coats-of-arms carved on the south side of the Great HaJl
is that of Dr. Douglass (the usual Douglass arms, man's heart,
etc., with motto "Forward"), and on a boss in the stringcourse
over it, and on the end of the label mould, are carved his
initials, H.G.D. (The other coat-of-arms is that of Sir Stuavt
Alexander Donaldson.) His obituary notice in the Sydney
Morning Herald says not a word as to his connection with the
University; for that we had to wait 33 years, since Mr.
Merewether wrote in 1898. This obituary notice concludes
thus : —
To have lived a long and useful life, with no great faults ; to have
maintained the reputation of benevolence for half a century, by numberless
acts of kindness, daily repeated ; to have added something, by cheerfulness
of temper, to the pleasures of society ; to have enjoyed the confidence of
some of the best beings that ever lived on earth, is to have given and enjoyed
much compensation whether for good or evil. This was, indeed, the lot of
64 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
Dr. Douglass, whose cheerful voice and kindly humour and instructive
conversation many among us will regret that they will hear no more.
Could that have been written of anything but an un-
common man ?
My own attention was directed to Dr. Douglass' name
(which is perpetuated by that of Douglass Park, where he
resided) by a mere chance conversation with a lady who;, m
answer to my recent enquiries, writes : "My grievance, and
that of Mr. Arthur a'Beckett, and also that of good old John
Hubert Plunkett, was that Dr. Douglass was so utterly ignored
in all record of the establishment, founding and inauguration
of the University, and it was frequently said how much of the
burden and heat of Wentworth's day of fame and work con-
cerning the University was borne by Dr. Douglass. It seems
to me appropriate that a word or two for one of your own
profession should come from you." This word I have now
spoken, and these circumstances, with other evidence, seem
to show that Dr. Douglass had a great deal to do with the
founding of the University, and that it was he who moved Mr.
Wentworth to effectual action.
What I have said about Dr. Douglass does not detract
from the merit of Mr. Wentworth, who, beyond all question,
was the man by whose eloquence the Legislature was moved.
But how far Mr. Wentworth was the mouth-piece of public
opinion, let him tell in his own words, when moving the second
reading of the University Bill. "It is not I, it is not you, who
are the originators of this measure : It has origin without
these walls — in the depth of public opinion — and we are only
the active agents to give that opinion force and effect."
Three other members of the Profession of Medicine ha^l
to do with the actual founding and organisation of the new
University. One is Sir Charles Nicholson, Bart. ; the others
were Professor John Smith and the first Registrar, Dr.
PKOFESSOR ANDEB80N STUAET's ADDRESS. 65
Sir Charles Nicholson, now almost in his 96th year,
arrived in Australia as far hack as 1834, and, a Doctor of
Medicine of my own university, the University of Edinburgh,
he practised his profession in Sydney more or less continuously
until 1862, when, having also successfully engaged in the
pastoral industry, he returned to England. He was threa
times Speaker of New South Wales, and was the first Speaker
of Queensland. He was not only a member of the original
Senate, of which he is the only living member left, but he
was also one of the Select Committee of the Legislature
appointed to consider the best means of instituting a uni-
versity, so that he has been connected with the institution
from the very commencement of the enterprise.
In the absence of the Provost it fell to him, as Vice-
Provosli, to deliver the first "annual address" at the opening
of the University, in what is now the Grammar School, in
Hyde Park, and a great and eloquent speech it was. Soon
after this Sir Charles became Provost in name, as he had been
in fact, and the Amendment Act, which changed the title of
Provost to that of Chancellor, having been passed in 1861,
Sir Charles was the first to bear the title of Chancellor, as he
had been the first officer of the University, because he as
A^'ice-Provost had been elected to that office a fortnight earlier
than the first Provost had been elected to his office. He was
one of the committee by which the plan of the buildings was
considered, and of the committee which selected the first books
placed in the Library at a cost of £500. It was he who, by
his own munificence, and that of friends moved by his exer-
tions, secured the stained glass windows and the carvings in
the Great Hall and the staircase, and his was the gift of the
noble Collection of Antiquities which bears his name. During
a visit to England in 1858 he succeeded in obtaining a Charter
for the University from Queen Victoria. He presided as
Provost at the opening of the Great Hall in July, 1859.
66 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
He appears, in fact, to have been everything and every-
where in the founding of the Institution, and we are not to
suppose that it was all done without the usual difficulties. In
his own words, before the 1859 Committee, to be afterwards
referred to : "I can assure the Committee that, having taken
no inconsiderable share in the initiation and subsequent man-
agement of the Institution, I have had practical and painful
experience of the difficulties and disappointments attendant
upon such a task." How very true all that is I can testify
from experience in similar undertakings.
Though absent from the colony for 40 years, his interest
in the University has continued unabated to this day, and
our hearts went out to him when w© learned, three years ago,
that one winter's night, when the ground was deep in snow,
the old man was aroused from his sleep by the cry of " Fire ! '
The house was quickly burnt to the ground, but Sir Charles
has lived to build a new mansion, with the old name, on the
old site. He has lived to see even the majority of the Medi-
cal School,, which, as we shall see, he strove so hard to estab-
lish. Full of years and of honours, a Doctor of the Civil
Law of Oxford, Doctor of Laws of Cambridge, and a Baronet
of the United Kingdom, may he enjoy life to the end„ in his
own way, amid his books and his pictures !
Professor John Smith, a Doctor of Medicine of the Uni-
versity of Aberdeen, was the first Professor of Chemistry and
Physics, and was one of the first group of three professors, the
other two being Professors Woolley and Pell. He took a
great part in the superintendence of the building operations
of the University, and during the whole 33 years of his pro-
fessorship he was a zealous, though cautious, promoter of public
education, and of the public good.
Dr. Richard Greenup, M.D. (Cantab), the son of a sur-
geon, and whoso wife was a niece of Sir Benjamin Brodie (the
great surgeon whose picture is in the Sydney Jones window),
was the first Registrar, and rendered valuable services in the
PROFESSOK ANDERSON STUART's ADDRESS. 67
.administrative arrangements of the young University. On
resigning his office, after two years only, he took charge of
the lunatic asylum, at Parramatta, where he was killed by one
of the inmates in 1866.
The connection of the Pi-ofession of Medicine with the
«arliest days of the University is thus seen to have been most
intimate indeed. As I have shown, Dr. Douglass moved Mr.
"Wentworth, who himself was the son of the surgeon at Norfolk
Island, and was born there; Mr.. Wentworth moved the
Xegislature, and Dr. Nicholson moved heaven and earth, for,
to quote from Mr. Barff's book, " while Wentworth is recog-
nised as the University's founder, it was the untiring energv
•of Nicholson which placed it upon its firm base." Add now
Dr. Smith, who superintended the building operation^ and
Dr. Greenup, who helped so much in the first administrative
arrangements, and all the men most intimately associated with
the founding of the University were also connected with ibe
Profession of Medicine.
If one seeks to apportion the credit, my study of the cir-
■cumstances leads me to the following conclusions : — Sir Char-
les Nicholson and Dr. Douglass were probably foremost in
fostering that public opinion to which Mr. Wentworth refers,
"but neither of these men appears very much on the surface :
Nicholson because of his official position as Speaker, and
Douglass becaiise he appears to have been a man of strong
individuality, and, therefore, with a good many enemies as
well as many friends, and somehow or other the inimical and
official element seems to have predominated against him in
his relation to the University. So soon as the Senate could
bring him forward,, they did so by electing him as a member
of their body. When the Legislature had done its share of
the work, and its chairman (the Speaker, Nicholson) was free
to act, we see that he does act publicly, as he had probably
been doing on the quiet all the time. Mr. Wentworth had
Apparently, quite independently, ideas of a University, yet
bo UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
he was not the active man who kept the ball rolling for its
establishment; he was the Legislator who intervened, as a
Barrister might intervene in a case before a Court of Law,
but that he did his portion of the work magnificently well we
must all admit. It is really not very easy to differentiate
the shares which these three men had in the founding of our
University; Douglass appears to have been first in time,
Nicholson in work,, Wentworth in public advocacy. Let us
not seek to separate them further, but be grateful for what
they did together.
From the days of Sir Charles Nicholson no medical man
occupied the position of Chancellor until 1896, when the pre-
sent distinguished occupant of the office, the Honourable Sir
Normand MacLaurin was elected to the chair. Long may
he live to fill it ! So long will the University prosper.
The first scheme for the establishment of the University
came absolutely to grief. The Military Barracks were in the
first half of the last century situated where Wynyard Square
is now, hence the name Barrack Street. The Government
decided to remove them to Paddington, where they now are,
and to sell the site of the old barracks. The proceeds of this
sale Mr. Wentworth urged the Government to devote to the
foundation of a university, but his efforts were unsuccessful,
and the scheme lapsed.
At a later date, after a passing occupation of what was
the Sydney College, and is now the Grammar School building,
Barrack-square was considered as a site for the University
buildings, but the Domain was preferred by Sir Charles Nic-
holson. Grose Farm, where we now are, was accepted by the
promoters as the only place they could get; but Nicholson
wisely remarked, in 1859 : " Admitting that it is now some-
what remote from the populous parts of the town, I think,
looking to the future, the site is most admirably chosen."
Have not his words come true?
PROFESSOR ANDERSON STUART'S ADDRESS. 69
There was a great deal of public discussion, and even
commotion, as to whether the University should be a teaching
or merely an examining body in Arts, Law and Medicine,
like the then rewly-established University of London ; whether
or not it should in any way be connected with religious teach-
ing and examination ; whether or not Clerics should be eligible
for a seat on its governing body, or for appointment as Pro-
fessors. But in the end the Legislature appointed a Select
Committee in 1849, to consider and report on " The best
means of instituting a University for the promotion of Litera-
ture and Science, to be endowed at the public expense." This
committee recommended the institution of the University, and
five Chairs to commence with. Of these one was " Anatomy,
Physiology and Medicine." Another chair which had been
contemplated was that of Natural History, aad it is a thou-
saud pities, so far as we are concerned, that this chair was
not established then, for, if it had, Thomas Henry Huxley
would have been one of our first Professors. In Huxley's
Life, published by his son, we read in a letter to W. Macleay,
" you won't have a Professor of Natural History — to my great
sorrow." "Had the Sydney University been carried out as.
originally proposed, I should certainly have become a candi-
date for the Natural History Chair. I know no finer field of
exertion for any naturalist than Sydney Harbour itself.
Should such a Professorship be hereafter established I trust
you will jog the memory of my Australian friends in my be-
half." Our certain gain, however, would probably have been
the world's loss, for I much doubt if the enviromrtent in
Sydney would have served to develop thf» Huxley, that he
eventually became. The chair was actually established in
The Act of Incorporation received the Koyal assent on
October 1st, 1850^ and we can but admire the greatness of the
little band of gifted men, who had thus successfully struggled
for the University, and who at that time were leading spirits
of the colony, which numbered only 189,341 souls, scattered
70 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
over an area eight times the size of the British Islands, and
of which the capital city of Sydney contained only 54,000
The devotedness of the founders stands out in high relief
•when we read the Keport and Evidence of the '59 Committee.
This was a Select Committee of the Legislature, which sat in
1859-60, and which was appointed with hostile intent towards,
the young University. It had no less than 26 sittings, and
this alone shows how serious the position was. A member of
the Committee was that vigorous, masterful man, the Rev>
Dr. John Dunmore Lang, who had already publicly referred
to the University as a "notable abortion" ; and since the
animus displayed by some members of the Committee against
the University was so marked that Sir Charles Nicholson com-
plained of it to the Committee's face, we need not be sur-
prised by an adverse finding of the Committee. Adverse it
truly was. It says — ^"That the University has not yet realised,
the expectations of the public seems clear, and it is also
evident that great mistakes have been made with respect to it_
A large amount of unnecessary expenditure has been incurred
in an attempt to raise here, all at once, buildings not at
present required, on a scale of magnitude which, in other
parts of the world,, has almost invariably been the growth of
ages. Your committee cannot recognise the correctness of
the principle on which the Senate originally acted in project-
ing such a structure. If architectural display is calculated t»
cultivate and improve the youthful taste, the greatest care-
should be taken to exhibit it in its purest form. But amid
diversities of taste, style, beautiful in the estimation of some,
may be regarded as barbaric by others. And perhaps it may
be well asked how the gri£B.ns, unicorns and other monstrous-
shapes, which have been selected as decorations for the
University, can serve to develop a high type of architectural
taste." These words from the Report I read aloud yesterday
to the said monstrous shapes. They received the words in
PROFESSOB ANDERSON STUART's ADDRESS. 71
silence, bub not without evident emotion : some smiled,
some grinned, and some were manifestly disgusted. The
Report goes on to condemn the AflSliated Colleges, and re-
commends their entire and immediate abolition, lock, stock,
and barrel. Everything that had been done was attacked
in spite cf almost unanimous evidence to the contrary. The
Eeport was based upon the prejudices of the members of the
Committee rather than upon the e\idencei given before it.
It is interesting reading that Eeport, read in the light of subse-
quent events. The Chairman spoke of the building being
sufficient for "a couple of hundred years !"
Sir Charles Nicholson was asked if the University, owing
to the small number of students in attendance, had not failed
to realise expectations, and if it was not premature. He
replied : "I think the reflection is upon the colony rather than
upon the Institution. I think if you had waited longer you
would have had greater difficulty in establishing it. I think
the colony would have sunk into a still greater degree of
apathetic indifference and want of appreciation as to the
advantages of such an institution."
The real answer to that Report is the "day we celebrate,"
but since, when the same architectural style was under con-
sideration for the Medical School, I was met, after the lapse
of a quarter of a century, with precisely the same sort of
criticism, even yet occasionally heard, I might be permitted to
refer to the matter somewhat fully, generally in the words of
Sir Charles Nicholson!, and specially in thosie of Sir William
AVindeyer, when they were being examined before the Com-
mittee. Sir Charles said : "If you determine to crept a public
edifice according to the style of any given epoch or country,
you must carry out that style in all its appropriate details
. . . although they may be regarded, in point of utility, as
altogether supererogator}' . . . unless you deteormine
to erect something like a Quaker Meeting-house or a Factory,
in which you discard all ornamentation whatever. But I, do
not apprehend such a design would have met the approval of
the colony at large." Then specially when Mr. Black —
ominous name — asked Sir "William Windeyer, "Do you not
think students might derive quite as much inspiration from
the calm perusal of the works of men of genius as from the
contemplation of those figures on the walls of the University?"
Sir William Windeyer : "I think that the student would study
with a great deal more enthusiasm, and more abstract atten-
tion or devotion to his studies, if surrounded by buildings
of fine architectural appearance than he would if reading in
a barn." The Chairman asked : "Do you think Homer was
inspired by the buildings of Greece ?" " No ; but I think that
the Greeks were in a great measure inspired with a love of
their country from the love of the fine buildings around them.
We read it in Thucydides. I am speaJsing of the most glorious
period of Grecian history, when Pericles himself, pointing to
those buildings, reminded them that their existence was one
of the causes of the love of their country." By Dr. Lang :
■' There were no such buildings in Homer's time?"
WindeyeiT : "No." The Chainnan : " Then Homer's divine
genius was not at all inspired by the buildings of Greece?"
Now was Sir William's chance, and he took it. " Perhaps
so ; but the poetry of Homer may have inspired the Greeks
to build those buildings !"
It is quite clear that, from the continual mention of
teaching and degrees in Medicine, a Medical School was in
contemplation from the very beginning, and the Act of
Incorporation and the Charter empowered the University to
grant medical degrees. These degrees were granted by the
Senate upon the report of a board of eight ExaminerSj the
first members of which were Dr. Charles Nathan, Dr.
a'Beckett, who had been staff-surgeon to the British Legion
in Spain ; Dr. Georg« Bennett, our benefactor, the well-known
author of " Gatherings of a Naturalist" ; Dr. Greenup, of
whom I have already spoken ; Dr. James Macf arlane, to whom
PE.OFESSOB ANDERSON STUAET's ADDRESS. 73
I shall again refer; Dr. James Eobertson, Professor Smith,
and Dr. George West. On the establishment of the present
Medical School the granting of such degrees was discontinued.
One of the very first steps the newly-appointed Senate
took was to appoint a Committee to arrange for the com-
mencement of teaching in the Unive(rsity, and in their Report
they say : " The Faculty of Arts has received the preference
for first selection, not because other branches of knowledge
are understood or considered unimportant in education,
"but because it appears to your Committee to form the founda-
tion of any complete system."
In 1859' Sir Charles Nicholson says in his commemoration
address : " It is also hoped — and measures are now indeed
being actually taken to effect the object — that professorships
in medical science may be speedily established, and that
systematic instruction may be communicated in a manner
and with a completeness essential to the proper training of
those desirous of obtaining a degree in either of the Faculties
of Law and Medicine.''
The Registrar gave evidence before the 1859 Committee
that these steps had been taken, but Professor Smith com-
plains to the Committee that the Senate in his absence,
■without his knowledge and against his will, had made him
Dean of the Faculty of Medicine — the Senate apparently
expecting that he would lend a hand in organising the School
of Medicine, upon which it had set its heart. But in this
they were woefully disappointed, for he joined the other two
professors in a protest against the establishment of the school,
and gave evidence before the Committee, directly against the
testimony of Sir Charles Nicholson, as representing the
Senate, and of Dr. Macfarlane as representing the Profession
Dr. Macfarlane, in his evidence before the Committee,
said that the School of Medicine was "not only desirable
but imperative," and said that this was the view of the
74 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
profession in Sydney. It is, indeed, a glimpse of the dark
ages of Medicine when, in the course of his evidence, he says :
" I remember when I began the situdy of Medicine in 1828 I
had to pay £20 for a body which had been underground for
weeks." But all that has been changed by Anatomy Acts,
a local Act having been introduced into the Colony by the
Hon. Sir Arthur Renwick.
The Senate was so anxious to give effect to its views at
this time that it instructed the architect to prepare plans for
an Anatomical School, and appointed a committee to confer
with the management of the Sydney Infirmary with regard to
arrangements for clinical teaching.
The entire scheme, however, owing to the vigorous opposi-
tion of the Professors, fell through, but it was the cause of
extremely strained relations between the Professors and the
Senate, which formally " regrets that the Professors should
have considered themselves justified in adopting so extreme
a step as that of entering a, protest against proceedings which
the Senate, in the unquestionable exercise of its prerogative,
had thought fit to take with reference to the initiation of the
necessary measxires for the erection of a Medical School in
connection with the University, as expressly contemplated by
the 12th section of the Incorporation Act," and which declares
that " it was unable to depart from its resolution toi establish,
a Medical School." The unwilling Dean nevertheless retained
his office right on to 1883, when he was succeeded by myself.
In; 1860 the Chancellor, Sir Charles Nicholson, in his
commemoration address, says : "The Senate caainot ignore the
obligations which will rest upon them and upon their
successors, toi call into existence, at the earliest possible period,
those special appliances for the inculcation of professional
knowledge, the appropriate sequel of a training in the Faculty
of Arts. The great purpose for which the University was
established wUl then, but not till then, be consummated."
And before the '59 Committee he says "What is all this
PROFESSOR ANDERSON STUARt's ADDRESS. 7&
preliminary training for, unless it is to subserve some purpose
in professional life?"
In 1866 a further scheme was prepared to give instruc-
tion only in the first two years of the medical curriculum..
This, too, came to nothing.
Between that time and 1873 various proposals kept the
matter alive, and then the establishment of the Prince Alfred
Hospital really brought the School into existence, for the
first definite step towards the establishment of the school was
the power given to the Directors in the Hospital's Act of
Incorporation to provide for the School. It was, indeed,
the inauguration of this School at the Hospital and in
connection with the University which justified the University
in giving a site, over 12 acres in area, to the Hospital,, for the
land had been granted to the University exclusively for
educational purposes. The establishment of the School was,
therefore cardinal to the existence of the Hospital. In
return for the site, the University stipulated for a share in
the management of the Hospital and in the appointment of
its medical of&cers. These negotiations took place in 1872,
and in 1873 the Acts werei passed which gave legal effect to
the bargain. By the Act an area of between two and three
acres is reserved out of the site for the school building, and
in early plans of the Hospital two different, but both most
inadequate plans of a school building are shown. Fortunately
these intentions nevey got any farther, for in 1876 the
Chancellor, Sir Edward Deas Thomson, in his commemoration
address, speaks as if it were now intended that the University,
not the Hospital, should provide for the School ; and in 1879
the new Chancellor, Sir William Montagu Manning, in his
commemoration address, admits that the land would be more
usefully applied for gardens or recreation grounds for the
patients, and ha states that the Senate was prepared to give
it up and provide another site for the Medical School. And
76 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
this is just what has happened — the Medical School is most
conveniently placed near the rest of the University.
On July 3rd, 1878, Sir William Manning invited! the
Senate to consider whether there should be established at first
a complete course, or a preliminary two year course only.
The Senate, on the motion of the Hon. Sir Arthur Renwick,
passed a unanimous resolution in favour of the complete
course, and. now, therefore, it was only a question of ways and
means. In 1880 Mr. Challis died, and his great bequeet was
announced as a complete surprise to the authorities in Sydney.
It wasij however;, to come in only after the death of the
beneficiaries. By this time no less than five deputations had
waited upon the Government to urge the necessity of increased
support to the University; but, in view of the certainty of
the bequest being available some day, the Government was
again approached to secure the increased endowment, and
now the establishment of a Medical School was spoken of as
urgent owing to the approaching opening of the Prince Alfred
Hospital. The opening of the Hospital actually did take
place on September 25th, 1882.
In 1882, rather unexpectedly at the last, the increased
endowment so long craved, so frequently asked for, was voted
by the Legislature, and steps were immediately taken to. make
the necessary appointments.
I was appointed to the combined Chair of Anatomy and
Physiology in '82, and it has always appeared to me an
interesting circumstance that, some little time before this, I
had been recommended for the task of organising a new
school, which a number of members of the Profession, who were
in some way or other dissatisfied with the Owen's College
Medical School, were proposing to start in Manchester. I
visited that city and saw the promoters, but the scheme camo
to nothing. Nevertheless, I was to do this kind of work
a,fter all — in the Antipodes ! In the beginning of '83 the
work of the School began. We may thus fairly assume that
PE0PES30B ANDERSON STUAET's ADDRESS. 77
the School has now about reached its majority, and the
coincidence of this period with the jubilee of the University
seems to render the occasion appropriate for a brief review of
our short life.
It had been intended that the new School should be
located temporarily in a portion of the Exhibition Building
in the Outer Domain, but that building was destroyed by fire.
No steps were taken to provide accommodation for the Medical
School until just before I landed, and I well remember the
dismay with which, on my arrival, I saw the foundations of
the modest, unpretentious four-roomed cottage, out behind
in the paddock, which I was told was, when finished, to
comprise two rooms for the Medical School, and two for
Professor Stephens and his Department of Biology. I first
saw it in company with Dr. Badham, who informed me that
the " stinks " were all to go out at the back.
These branches of science were also dubbed " Brod-
studien," "Bread Studies" by some, who sought to convey
thereby that such subjects stood apart from and outside what
was by them understood to be " Culture," and were not
welcome at the University. "When the battle has been
fought and won, we can afford to look back with equanimity
upon our struggles ; but while struggling, as I well remember,
we were anything but equanimous on either side.
The day has passed when it can seriously be contended
that the Universities ought to confine their attention to
general mental culture. The Universities grew out of the
needs of the people, and were founded originally as technical
schools — ^the oldest University of all,, that of Salerno, was a
school of medicine — and as they began, so they have continued
to this day. Happily it is possible to train the mind by
technical learning, as well as by learning for which there is
no immediate use, and this is why a University can give a
degree after a training solely in a professional school, for it
is not what is known that makes a man cultured : it is how he
78 UNIVERSITY JDBILEE.
knows it, the method by which he approaches knowledge, the
attitude of his mind to it. ,C?ulture and knowledge, or rather,
perhaps I should say, informatioA, have no necessary relation-
ship to each other.
Within some ten days after my arrival the walls of the
cottage were up, though there was no roof, nor any windows
nor doors, and in such curious surroundings, with the much-
interested workmen lolling over the window-sills, wondering
what it was all about, the actual commencement of the School
took place, on the day appointed in the Calendar, for it is a
good thing to be up to time as well as up to date. Of this
cottage, the original Medlical School, no vestige remains to-day,
all having becin removed to make way for the Department of
The first step in advance was to add three rooms behind
this cottage, and the next was to absorb the two rooms which
Professor Stephens occupied, he being also anxious to get
away to less " fragrant " quarters. The first difficulty as to
personnel was to find a man who would consent, for any
reasonable wage, to come as Attendant ; but soon there arrived
Mr. John Shewen, who had served with me in Professor
Rutherford's laboratory, and then my difficulties in this
respect were at an end. By the same ship, but, as it
happened, quite by chance came Dr. A. MacCormick, as
Demonstrator; he also had been with Professor Rutherford's
Department. From that day forward the teaching arrange-
ments have never gone backward. Dr. MacCormick held
office as Demonstrator until he was appointed Lecturer in
Surgeiry. He was succeeded by Dr. A. E. Wright, now Pro-
fessor of Pathology at Netley, and Dr. Wright by Dr. C. J-
Martin, now Professor of Physiology in Melbourne. Professor
Wilson aiTivedi as Demonstrator of Anatomy in 1887 ; and in
1890 he became Professor of Anatomy.
It was while here, in the old school, that we founded in
1885 the Medical Society, on the model of the Royal Medical
PE0FES80R ANDERSON STUART's ADDRESS. 79
Socfefey of Edinburgh, of which I had been a President. The
value of this Edinburgh Society is attested by many generar
tions of Edinburgh students, and in spite of predictions to
the contrary, the Sydney Society has flourished exceedingly —
temper sit in ftort !
These events lead us up to the time when the new School
SuUding was ready, and the School was, therefore, to leave
its old home, the memory of which is still green with me, who
spent there seven most strenuous years, for I had to teach both
Anatomy and Physiology, and at the same time carry on the
-work of organisation of the growing school, and superintend
the planning and erection of this buUding.
Our passage from " Log Cabin to White House " was
gradual, as portion after portion of White House was com-
pleted, but it was in and about 1890. As to the architectural
style of this building, that of theialready existing University
building was fortunately followed^ and for this we owe much
to Mr. James Barnett, at that time Colonial Architect. As
a young man Mr. Barnett worked at the building of the Great
Hall, and it is tc him that I am indebted for pointing out Dr.
Douglass^ coat of arms.
As to the internal arrangements, I had already served a
sort of apprenticeship, for it was while I was Assistant to
Professor Rutherford that we " flitted " from the old Edin-
burgh University building in Nicholson-street to the new
Medical School on the Meadows, and I had taken a good hand
with the Professor in planning the fittings of our Department
in the new school. I may add. that I was also at the
" flitting " from the old to the new Edinburgh Royal
In regard to the size of the building, it was not the small
number of students at that time in attendance for which we
provided, but for our futiire greatness. Nor was it only the
-number of students we had to think of; we had also to con-
sider the possible development of subjects of instruction.
And has not the University's foresight already been amply
The preliminary scientific subjects are each housed in its
own building, so that this building accommodates only the
purely medical subjects. The clinical subjects are provided
for at the Prince Alfred Hospital.
The Museum of Anatomy now possesses 24,000 specimens,
and is well worthy of a visit. It is housed in this building,
several rooms having been thrown together for that purposa,
but the intention was to occupy these rooms only until they
should be required for other purposes, when the University
might be enabled in some way to build a separate and properly
adapted Museum building in the space reserved for it, between
the Medical School and the main University building. This
period is undoubtedly within measurable distance, for, on the
one hand, the collection very nearly fills the available space,
and will one of these days overflow, and, on the other hand,
the demands for increased accommodation can be satisfied,
only when the Museum has found another home.
At first one often heard remarks as to the folly of building
so great and costly a mansion, and Sir Arthur Renwick, who
was Minister of Public Instruction at the time, informs me
that there was much opposition to the vote in Parliament,
the first cost being about £80,000 ; but was it not a good
investment for the State? Let us see what is t^e money
value to the State of the Medical School. Suppose, for
instance, that there were no Medical School here. The
community would still need medical advisers, and it is fair
to assume that at least one-half, say 100, of the students would
go to Europe for their medical education. The average
expenditure of each would not be less than £200 per annum,
and the average time would not be less than six year^, for
the curriculum is five years, to which must be added the time
of travelling to and fro, and the time inevitably lost in various.
PROFESSOR David's address. 97
cultture that comes from study of science as well as that which
comes from study of literature.
Fourthly : It is generally admitted that Ethics and Logic
should form part of a, University curriculum. Now although
the study of Ethics does not necessarily teach us to lead moral
lives it tends to do so ; and siiirely the study of science has in
itself a distinct moral and logical value, for the sustained
effort, the "intending of the mind," so necessary in scien-
tific study, particularly in research work, strengthens the char-
acter, and entails self-denial, and the correct interpretation
of experiments strengthens the reasoning powers, while the
fanaticism for veracity in his special scientific work must pro-
mote a love of truth in general in the mind of the scientific
Fifthly : It has been the experience of the past that many
of the most brilliant scientific workers have been trained at
Univlersities. Am'ongsit those which suggest themselves on
the spur of the moment are the following : — In Mathematics,
Abel, Leibnitz, W. R. Hamilton, Sylvester, Cayley; in As^
tronomy. Sir J. Herschel, J. Airey, J. C. Adams, Vogel ; in
Physics, Isaac Newton, Hielmholtz, H. Hertz, Lord Kelvin,
Clarke-Maxwell, Lord Rayleigh, J. J. Thomson, Rontgen; in
Chemistry, Berzelius, Liebig, Buasen, Sir William Ramsay, A.
W. Hoffman; in Biology, Linnaeus, Virchow, Pasteur; in
Mineralogy, Haiiy; in Geology, Humboldt, Von Buch, De
Sausaure, Agassiz, Suess, Lyeil, etc.*
The above are five of the many reasons for including
science in a University curriculum. Briefly recapitulated they
are as follows : — (1) It is in accordance with the whole spirit
of University teaching that all forms of knowledge sihould
there be studied; (2) it is essential to a nation's indus-
trial and commercial prosperity that the higher branches
* The names in the above list have been selected somewhat at
haphazard and obviously, did space permit, the list could be vastly
98 UNIVEBSITY JUBILKE.
of science be taflight such as lead through research to dis-
covery, and such studies can be best pursued at a University ;
(3) the study of science is part of culture, and culture is a special
attribute of a University training ; (4) the study of science is
of distinct moral value, and, besides, strengthens the reasoning
powers, giving it thus a claim akin to that of moral philo-
sophy and logic for inclusion as a University subject ; and (5)
last and not least. University science teaching in the past has
succeeded in producing many of the most eminent men of
science ; continues to produce them in the present — and will,
if proper care is taken, succeed in producing them in the future.
III. Science Teaching at Extra-Australian Universi-
ties. — Reasons having been given for the teaching of science at
Universities, attention may next be paid to the leading char-
acteristics of science teaching at Extra^Australian Universi-
France. — In France University teaching of all kinds has of
late years greatly expanded, and probably to no city in tbe
world do the words of Claude Bernard, "the laboratories of
Paris are the tombs of savants," less apply now than to Paris.
Under the law of July 10th, 1896, fifteen Universities have
been constituted, the number of University chairs has been
greatly increased, libraries have been enlarged and fine labora-
tories have been built.
The informing idea in French Education which applies
specially to the teaching of the higher branches of science is
thus expressed by Mr. Albert Dumont* : ■ —
"An Elite must bring forth ideas; the crowd then lives
upon them, and absorbs tbem as it does the ambient air.
This Elite, which must exclude no willing mind, and must be
accessible to all whatever their origin and position may be;
this ever vigorous, active, and constantly renovated aristoc-
racy, welcoming every intelligent and noble mind — can only
be created by high culture. Primary knowledge is only of
* Health Exhibition Literature, Vol. .XV. Gonference on Education.
Notes on Higher Education in France. By Albert Uumoiit, p. 163.
PROFESSOR David's address. 99
service when applied to the general direction of every-day life
according to rules and considerations which are much above
ordinary reasoning powers. Secondary kjaowledgei, being
essentially didactic, can only serve as a weapon or a tool ; the
mode of turning to good account this preparatory knowledge
in order to live well, i.e., to elevate and develop the mind and
character, is taught by higher speculations.
"In industrial matters the primary student is an artisan,
the secondary student a foreman, whilst the higher student is
an inventor; each of them can only rise from the first two
classes by an effort and by work. A nation of artisans and
foremen would soon be beaten by a nation having inventors,
for it is invention alone which in important or secondary mat-
ters can secure the first place among so many competing
"So also in intellectual nLatteK the artisans and foremen
are powerless unless assisted by inventxxrs."
Germany. — One of the great features in the teaching of
science at German Universities is that while the course in
science is very thorough, the range of studies is broad. With
regard to the teaching of Philosophy Students in Germany, it
has been said* that the reason why there are a greater number
of Philosophy Students in Germany than in France or England
is that in Germany the student, before he enters any special
profession, is required to be perfectly trained in Philosophy, for
then he is able to understand his particulax vocation with a
broader mind, and can do mare in it than he ooxdd do without
that preliminary general training.
The magnificence of the equipment of the science labora-
tories at German Universities, and of laboratories for general
research purposes like the PhysikaUsche Technische Reich-
anstalt at Charlottenburg, may well excite our admiration, and
stimulate our em,ulation.
Professor Thorpe, quoting from a letter written by Dr.
* Xoles on Higher Education in France, op. cit., p. 129.
100 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
Oswald to Professor Bamsay, shows how different are the
methods of chemistry teaching respectively at English and
German Universities (G-raduates' from England often go to
Leipzic to Professor Oswald's splendidly organized labora-
tories)* : —
"The German chemical manufacturer is almost invariably
the product of a university laboratory.
"He has been matured in an atmosphere of pure science
and imbued with thei spirit of research.
"The output of chemical research from the German univer-
sity laboratories is enormous, when compared with the driblets
which occasionally escape from our own universities. But
large as the amount of research work in Germany is, it hardly
keeps pace with the demands of German chemical industry,
and it has come to pass that some of the greatest industrial
concerns in Germany, now possess research laboratories, differ-
ing only from those in the universities by being more splen-
didly and sumptuously fitted.
"This organization of the power of invention in manufao-
tures, and on a laa-ge scale is, as he (Dr. O.) says, ' unique in
the world's history, and it is the very marrow of our splendid
development. Each large work has the greater part of its
scientific staff — and there are often more than 100 doctores
phil. in a single manufactory — ^^occupied, not in the manage-
ment of the manufaoture, but in making inventions.'
"It would n'ot be difficult to show that this extraordinary
spectaicle — this organization of the power of discovery, so
unique in the world's history and so wondrously fruitful in its
results — is the direct outcome of Germany's University Sys-
tem ; and as regards Chemistrj', of Liebig's genius in organiz-
ing Chemical instruction.
"Whatever demands the highest chemical knowledge and
the poweo" of applying the newest and most recondite chemical
facts remains in Germany. Few of the newer chemical indus-
* Saturday Review, July, 1896, Vol. 82, T. E. Thorpe.
Phys. Science of the Universities, p. 254.
PROFESSOR David's address. 101
tries are started with us, and even of those few some of the
most suoceffiful have been controlled by Germans." Mr. Syd-
ney Webb warns U3 that " the same national neglect which lost
us the great industry of coal-tar colooirs — ^positively a British
discovery that we failed to utilise and abandoned to GJermany*
• — now bids fair to lose us one branch of applied chemistry
after another."! Professor Thorpe adds: —
"It is not by cheap evening classes, by science examina-
tions of the South Kensington type, by the spread of Techni-
cal education of the character of that furnished by County
Councils, that Grermany has won her scientific supremacy, and
with it her supremacy in those industries which are directly
dependent on chemical science. Her industries owe tiheir
position to the knowledge, training and skill of those who di-
rect her artisans; and this knowledge, training and skill aj:e
the immediate results of that scientific supremacy which, in
chemistry at least, her universities have enabled her to
United States. — If we now turn to the United States one
might expect to find that in that rapidly progressing country,
more stress woidd be laid upon the practical side of scientific
and other teaching than upon the theoretical (included under
the latter term being those subjects which are generally com-
prised by the term Arts). That this, however, is not the case,
must be clear to anyone who has studied their system, of edu-
cation. For example, in the case of no less than 318 Institu-
tions out of 432, both Greek and Latin are compralsory sub-
jects ; X and as sitated in the able address to the Melboiirne Medi-
* Onr Registrar, Mr. H. G. BarfF, has called my attention to the fact
that although these discoveries were made in England, the chief credit in
connection with them belongs to the German chemist. Professor August
j Nineteenth Century Magazine, June, 1902. " London UniverBity : A
Forecast," by Sidney Webb.
X That is, compulsory as requirements for admission to the A.B.
Course. Report of the Commissioner of Education for the year 1896-7.
VoL I. containing Pt. I., p. 470. Washington 1898. It may be added that
while these pages were going through the press, Mr. G. H. Knibbs, the
New South Wales Commissioner on Education, informed me that in the
United States of America, greater freedom is allowed in the matter of
taking classical subjects at University Entrance Examinations, and yet
that the proportion of classical students is now larger than ever.
102 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
cal Students by my colleague, Prof. Wilson, the Harvard Medi-
cal School enacted only as recently as September, 1901, that a
preliminary college course in Arts, of four years' duration,
must form a qualification for the admission to the medical
citrriculum, the latter also of four years' duration,. He adds
that the system is already in operation in the Medical School
of John Hopkins University, whilst Columbia University has
given notice to apply a like regulation to the curriculum in
law after 1903.
The tendency then at American Universities is to insist
that the student who wishes to proceed to a science
degree, shall have had a preliminary training in literature and
philosophy, as well as of course in mathematics. It is largely
in order to find time for laying this broad foundation of pret-
liminary liberal education that the systean of post-graduate
coiurses has been so widely introduced in the United States.
Mr. Sidney Webb summarises the matter thus : — *
" For alongside the University Democracy of the under-
graduates class brought about by the multiplication of brain
working occupations and widespread education, we see every-
where emerging at tlie beginning of the twentieth century, a
new aristocracy of advanced students, intent on pursuing their
chosen subjects above and beyond the fixst, or 'bread aJid but-
ter' degree. Every day it becomes more cleaj- that, as an
equipment for the highest grade of brain-workers, the three or
four years' general course of the ordinary undergraduate is far
from sufficient. In the United States we find a practically
unanimous opinion that it is to the post-graduate courses
started five-and-twenty years ago at the John Hopkins, and
now general at aU the great Universities, that the advances in
American technique and American science are to be ascribed :
an opinion explained by Lord Kelvin's recent statement that
it takes now ac least six years to make a competent scientist.
* Nineteenth Century Magazine, June, 1902, p. 916, " London University:
A Forecast," by Sidney Webb.
PROFESSOR David's addkess. 103
It may be added that as a further development of the
system of post-graduate teaching, at the present moment there
are hundreds of carefully-selected American graduates who are
maintained by travelling scholarships as well as by private
munificence at foreign Universities."
Mr. G-ustave Lanson* summarises thus the characteristics
of University Education in the United States : — " Universi-
ties, those which are worthy of that name, are laboratories of
research; the individual does not work for himself, but for
science. He does not go there to seek benefits for a career,
technical acquirement, or diplomas which have a money value.
To speak truly, the conflict here is acute. Already in the
high schools the positive spirit had to be fought against; here
the evU is worse. There is hardly a University whose phil-
osophical faculty in the German siense (comprising letters and
science), is not flanked by a school of law, or medicine, or en-
gineering, frequently by a veterinary or dental school. Those
in a hurry abridge eiven their college course or skip it alto-
gether, — ^passing from the high school into the professional
school. Everywhere in the Universities influence must be
brought to bear against the students rushing into bread-and-
butter courses. But public sentiment re-acts. University
Boards, State Superintendents, the Central Bureau at Wash-
ington, are making vigorous efforts to stem the utilitarian
tendency. And orn the whole the disinterested taste for
science is gaining grotind. Twenty-nine State Universities,
the millions bestowed by John Hopkins in Baltimore, by Ezra
Cornell in Ithaca, by Rockefeller in Chicago, bear witness that
science has won its case with a people who, Taine believed,
were destined to devote themselves eternally to sell salt beef
and to worship the almighty dollar."
It may be added that an unofficial estimate of the amount
given by individuals during the year 1899 for Universi-
* Report of the. Commissioner of Education, U.S.A., Vol. II, pp. 1688-1689.
Reprint of article by M. Gruatave Lanaon, Sevue Bleue, Dec. 29, 1900.
104 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
ties, Colleges, Schools, and Libraries, in fche United States, is
Great Britain and Ireland. — Of late years there
has been a great development of the teaching of
science at the "Universities of the Old Country. It is
satisfactory to note that on the physical side of pure science,
the University of Cambridge still leads all the other Uni-
versities of the world. This is chiefly to be ascribed to the
©flBciency with which applied, as well as pure mathematics, is
there taught; to the fact that the student is taught to use
mathematics as a key with which to unlock the door of physios.
At the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge a striking new
departure in favour of science has been made in the provision
for giving men research degrees in science as well as in litera-
ture, two academic years of residence and study being re-
quired for the B.Sc. research degree. At London University
the proposed change in the curriculum now being discussed
is specially characterised by the prominence assigned to science
subjects. Great advances, too, in science teaching have been
made recently at the Universities of Scotland and Ireland.
In all the leading Universities of the Old Country, post-
graduate work has been encouraged by the system of fellow-
ships, the award of which to men who have shown capacity for
original research relieves them from the drudgery which would
otherwise be necessary for them in order to win their bread.
Russia. — Education of all kinds has been advancing with
great rapidity of late years. The words of a Kussian attache at
the Paris Exposition of 1900 may be quoted: — "There is an
absorbing thirst for knowledge taking possession of our people ;
we need no compulsory laws when we have not school accommo-
dations for those anxious to come and for those who would
travel many versts at a great sacrifice if they might come.
Special encouragement is given to the Russian University
students to travel to foreign Universities for post-grade
courses in science, etc.
PEOFESSOR David's address. 105
Japan, too, where education has spread and improved so
wonderfully of late, has recently set us of the British Empire
an excellent example in its decision to send, at the expense of
its Government, 200 picked graduates to spend some years in
post^aduate study in the capitals of Europe.
This brief review of some phases of modem science teach-
ing at extra- AiiistraJian Universities suggests the consideration
as to what are the chief aims and methods of this teaching.
The chief aims are two : to teach the student to live well
and to teach him to think right. In order to help to attain
these ends, two important changes are being gradually intro-
duced into the method of teaching science, especially such
branches of it as jure required for professions such as those of
medicine, and civil, mining, or electrical engineering. The
following appear to me to be the chief changes in method :
(1) The laying of a broad foundation of general education be-
fore building upon it the special science teaching required for
the professions ; (2) the lengthening of the time of University
study. The latter change is obviously largely an outcome of
To live well and to think right are priceless gifts, largely,
though not wholly, in the power of the culture that comes from
a study of Arts and Science to bestow. So far as education
alone can confer them, they are to be conferred by such an edu-
cation as makes for the foundation of good character — such as
comes from studying through literature the best thoughts of
the best men, through history the actions (good and bad) of
individnials and peoples and their results, through moral phil-
osophy, logic and metaphysics, the ethical ideas and system of
reasoning of the best men, and through mathematics the rigid
discipline of exactness. Unless there is a foundation of this
kind for those who build the city of science, their labour is
often lost that build it.
Of the need for maintenance of a high standard of moral
■character in a people, Huxley says : — " Our sole chance of sue-
106 UNIVERSrTY JUBILEE.
ceeding in a competition which must constantly become more
and more severe, is that our people shall not only have the
knowledge and skill which are required, but that they shall
have the will and the energy and the honesty ; neither know-
ledge nor skill without these will be of any permanent avail."
And again, "If the wealth resulting from prosperous
industry is to be sipent upon the gratification of unworthy de-
sires, if the increasing perfection of manufacturing processes
is to be accompanied by an increasing debasement of those
who carry them on, I do not see the good of industry and pros-
If honesty and integrity are so deaxly to be prized in the
humbler scientific workers, they are surely at least as much
to be prized in these that sit in the high p^es of learning.
The lengthening of the time of University study for sci-
ence students, which has been referred to as an important
recent change, has been brought about, partly to admit of the
broadening of this early foundation before the science course
proper begins, and partly to admit of reseaj-ch work being car-
ried on after the student has obtained his degree, so that he
may not only learn, but make science.
It is to this end that at Harvard and elsewhere the elec-
tive system of studies has been introduced into the final year
of the medical curriculum ; and it is to this end that post-
graduate courses have been organized and are so well attended
in the United States, and that of late so many research and
travelling scholarships and fellowships have been instituted in
the countries where science is best taught.
To reason out truths for themselves, and not merely to
commit to memory the truths of the past, without intelligently
verifying them, is the great object of the higher teaohinig of
science. Teaching on these lines will place the mind of the
fctudent almost on a level with that ol the ori^nal discoverer.
* Scienct and Culture and other Essays, p. 21. London, Macmillan and
PROFESSOR David's address. 107
Suioh being the chief aims of modem science teaching —
to make the student live well and be a right thinker, capable
of and eager for original research — there follows the consider-
ation of certain hindrances to the study of science, then of cer-
tain helps and needs for help.
Hindrances. — Opposition has been offered to the introduc-
tion of science teaching in University curricula by the votar-
ies of the Arts; but it is possible that this opposition has
proved a blessing in disguise, having had the effect of strength-
ening, rather than weakening, the champions of science. The
arts man used to regard the science laboratory at the Uni-
versity, either as a white elephant; or as a wooden horse of
Troy, threatening destruction to the fair citadel of art. But
now, happily, the days are come when the Arts man wields
the sword of science, and the' Science man wears the breast-
plate of arts.
Happily the days are over when Emerson and Agassiz
fought their Homeric battles; but if any of the old antag-
onism! survives, the answer of Agassiz to Emerson applies to-
day as of yore. Emerson complainexl that at Harvard natural
history under Agassiz was getting too great an ascendancy,
and that a check-rein would not be ami^ on the enthusiastic
professor who was responsible for this. Agassiiz' reply was,
"Do you not see that the way to bring about a well propor-
tioned development of all the resources of the University is,
not to check the Natural History Department, but to stimu-
late all the others? — not that the zoological school grows too
fast, but that the others do not grow fast enough."
Perhaps in England there still ©Kists some hindrance to
the pursuit of science arising from too much wealth and ease
and love of sport. Huxley compared in his time the English
University student with his Scotch contemporary greatly to
the disadvantage of the former, and even after allowance is
made for the fact that Huxley at the time was speaking at
Aberdeen there can be no doubt that there was some truth in
108 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
his comparison between "the host of pleasant monied, well-bred
young gentlemen, who do a little learning and much boating
by Cam and Isis," and the "brave and frugal Scotch boy,
spending his summer in hard manuaj labour, that he may have
the privilege of wending his way in autumn to this Univer-
sity, with a bag of oatmeal, ten pounds in his pocket, and his
own stout heart to depend upon through the northern winter."
Helps. — The hindrances to University science teaching have
fortunately been few as compared with the helps. Sometimes
the State, sometimes private individuals, have munificently
endowed scientific laboratories and libraries. "A principal
laboratory sufficiently well built to last a hundred years, and
extensive grounds, where light temporary buildings might be
erected and pulled down, as cases would require," the ideal
of many a scientific worker, are now available at most Uni-
versities where sciemoe is taught. With reference to laborar
tory accommodation, the following statement by Albert
Dumont, is open to comment : —
" Comfortable appointments and perfect scientific appli-
ances do not produce genius. In order to be convinced of this
it is enough to see the dark and cold room in the 'College de
France' where Claude Bernard made his most remarkable dis-
coveries. M. Pasteur's experiments on fermentation were
carried on at the Ecole Normale Sluperieure in a small room
having as an annexe a closet where the most delicate manipu-
lations were performed. The firet laboratory of Liebig at
Giessen ought to remain as an example of what exceptional
intellects can accomplish even with the most imperfect means
at their disposal."*
It is of course greatly to the credit of the above distin-
guished scientists that they were able to do so much with
such simple apparatus and laboratories, but doubtless much
invaluable time would have been saved had the appliances
* Health Exhibition lAteratwre. Conference on Education. Vol. XV., p. 166.
PROFEssoK David's address. 109
at their disposal been more perfect, and it must also be re-
membered that every year more and more elaborate laborar
tones and apparatus are needed for modem research work.
As pure science seldom pays commercially the problem
of how to win bread and butter, and, at the same time, con-
duct research work becomes a very serious one. The liberal
endowment of travelling scholarships and fellowships has to
a certain extent met this difficulty, in the Old Country. In
Germany the difficulty has been met by giving men of high
scientific attainments teaching appointments paid partly by
the State, partly by students' fees, the duties of which are
sufficiently light to admit of the teacher spending the greater
part of his time upon scientific research.
IV. Australian University Science Teaching. — Science
has been admitted for many years to the curricula of Adelaide,
Melbourne and Sydney Universities, each having the power of
conferring d^rees of Bachelor of Science and Doctors of
Science, Melbourne giving in addition the Degree of Master
of Science. In the case of each University a knowledge of
not less than two langUEiges other than English, either Latin,
Greek, French or German, is required before admission to the
Each University has a Faculty of Science. The Faculty
of Science at our University was established in 1881, and
since that time 45 students have taken, the B.Sc. D^ree, 45
the B.E. Degree in CivU Engineering, 41 the B.E. Degree in
Mining Engineering, and 4 the M.E. Degree in Civil Engineer-
ing, the above Degrees belonging to the Faculty of Science.
Results. — As already stated the success of University
science teaching is to be estimated largely by the amount of
research accomplished. With regard to this I am not sufficiently
familiar with the post-graduate work of the Adelaide or Mel-
bourne University students to be able to speak with authority,
though I know that much valuable work has been done es-
pecially by some of the holders of travelling scholarships. As
110 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
regards the work of the teaching staffs, at Adelaide the work
of the late Professor Tate upon the Tertiary Invertebra-te
Fauna of South AustraJia, is an important contribution to
science, and his organization of and work upon the Horn ex-
pedition is worthy of all praise. The recent discovery by hie
successor in the geology lectureship, Mr. Walter Howchin, of
immense glacial moraines, of Lower Cambriaji age, neax
Adelaide, is certainly of world-wide interest and subversive of
many previous ideas as to the climate of the earth in Cam-
brian time. Melbourne has done much for the cause of science.
Professor Baldwin Spencer, among his majiy other valuable
scientific works, is perhaps best known to us as the leading
figure in the Horn Expedition to Central Australia, the whole
work of editing that mtjet useful contribution to our know-
ledge of the Natural History of Central Australia devolving
upon him. His recent work with Mr. Gillen upon the Abori-
gines of Central Australia, valuable as it is, is but the fore-
runner of a still mone important work upon the results of his
toilsome transrcontinental trip with Mr. Gillen, undertaken
with the object of gathering together, before it became too
late, all possible ethnological information about the aborigines
of Central Austaralia.
Professor C. J. Martin, of the Melbourne Medical School,
has contributed to the world's knowledge as to the chemistry
of the venom of Australian snakes, and has shown for the first
time which of the particular proteoses among the proteids
form the poisonous constituents of snake venom, and he has
shown the particular physiological effects of snake venom upon
the blood. Professor Gregory has already plunged into the
subject of the geology of S.E. Australia with the energy and
enthusiasm which might have been expected of the author of
"The Great Bift Valley." Of the work done by the science stu-
dents and teaching staff at Sydney University, a brief account
has already been given by me in the Jubilee number of our Uni-
versity magazine, "Hermes," and though repetition is some-
PROFE380K DAVId's ADDRESS. Ill
times vain, the following might well be referred to : Professor
Liversidge's labours in orgajiizing the fine scientific Library of
the Royal Society of N.S.W., in sustaining the Royal Society
of N.S.W., as well as in inaugurating and keeping together the
Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, is
one that will always be gratefxdly remembered by Australian
science workers. Professor Haswell's text-book of Zoology,
written iu collaboration with the late Professor Parker, of
Dunedin, N.Z., which may fairly claim to be the best of its
kind in the English language, is an ornament of which our
University may be justly proud. And the recent discoveries
by his demonstrator, Mr. J. P. Hill, B.Sc., that a true aUan-
toic placenta is present in the bandicoot (perameles) as well as
his still more recent discovery, in conjunction with Professor
Wilson, that ornithorhynchus in the early development of the
egg shows one mosrfc striking evidence of reptilian affinity, are
of far reaching biological interest.
The researches, too, of Professor Elliott Smith, of Cairo,
late student at our Medical School, upon the cerebral commis-
sure of the monotreme and marsupial brain, are of such im-
portance as to have necessitated a thorough restudy of the
mammalian brain in general. He is one of the few but fit
young labourers from among our alumni who has put in his
sharp sickle to reap the plenteous harvest which waves upon
our shores. So far Australia has no cause to be ashamed of
the contributions to pure science, especially upon the Natural
History side, made by her Universities.
On the professional side of the Faculty of Science at our
Universdty, we have schools of Civil, Mechanical, Mining and
Electrical Engineering. The schools of Electrical and Mecha^
nical Engineering are just commencing their career, and al-
ready there are 9 students in Electrical Engineering. In Civil
Engineeoring there are 5 students and in Mining Engineering
53 students.* It is natural and right in a corantry of
* The above include only the second year and third year students. There
are in addition 36 students in the Faculty of Science in their £rst year of
Engineering, that year's course of study being common to the above four
branches of Engineering. There are also 13 students in Science.
112 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
such vast mineral wealth as Australia in general, and New
South Wales in particular, that the school of Mining Engineer-
ing should be as strong as is our present school at this Uni-
versity. Some idea of the vastness of the mineral resources
of this State in coal alone may be found in Mr. E. F. Pitt-
man's recent work, "The Mineral Resources of New South
Wales,"* in which he estimates, on certain assumptions, our
available coal supply at about 100,000 million tons, which at
the low estimate of 5s. per ton, represents a gross value of
£25,000,000,000, a munificent inheritance, which we should
lestm not to waste but to use wisely.
Helps, Hindrances and Needs. — The helps and hindrances
to our science teaching at our University, and certain needs
may next be considered. Science teaching a/t our Univer-
sity has undoubtedly derived great help in tihe past
from our Scientific Societies and Science Libraries.
One of our most prominent research workers. Professor Threl-
fall, in taking leave of the Hon. Sec. of the Royal Society,
said, " Personally I am immensely indebted to the Society
for the encouragement it has always given me, and also for
the great use I have had of its fine library." That library,
it m.ay be added, we owe chiefly to the personal efforts of Pro-
The Library of the Linnaean Society for which we are in-
debted almost entirely to the munificence of a late Senator and
firm friend of this University, Sir Williajn Macleay, has also
proved in the able hands of its secretary, Mr. J. J. Elebcher,
a very great aid to research. The Free Public Library, too,
is at times most useful.t as is also the Library at the Austra-
lian Museum, and the excellent Library of the Geological
* Mineral Resources of New South Wales, p. 322. By E. F. Pittman,
Assoc. R.S.M., Government Geologist. Government Printer, Sydney.
t The value of this library to scientific workers has of late been very
much enhanced by the issue of the excellent catalogue prepared under the
direction of Mr. H. C. L. Anderson, the principa librarian.
PROFESSOR David's address. 113
Survey, which has been so well organised by Mr. R. Ethe-
ridge, junior, and the present librarian, Mr. W. S. Dun.
In connection with libraries and books, it may be men-
tioned that the University Science Departments stand much
in need of further funds for purchase of books. The present
funds are almost all absorbed in the purchase of scientific
periodicals. In addition to the help afforded by their libraries,
the scientific societies have supplied a valuable stimulus to
scientific work by science graduates. This is notably the case
with the Australasian Association for the Advancement of
In the matter of apparatus and material for laboratory
work we are sorely in need of increased funds, if our Univer-
sity, as regards its science teaching and equipment, is to keep
in line with the general advance of science.* To encourage
research work we need post-graduate courses, and a great
increase in number of oiur travelling scholarships. The sug-
gestion has been made by Professor Pollock that possibly in
the case of the 1851 Exhibition Commissioners' Travelling
Scholarship, the Commissioners might see their way to allow
the holder of the scholarship t« work part of the time of the
tenure of the scholarship in one of our own laboratories. It
would be fairer, he thinks, to the laboratories and to tlie cause
of science in Australia if this could be done.
The student elected to a science travelling scholarship,
after he has worked with us up to such a standard as will
admit of his undertaking research work on his own respon-
sibility, goes to some extra-Australian University and accom-
plishes useful research there, helping thereby to increase the
- For example, more accommodation is needed in the chemical
laboratory for work of advanced students ; in the engineering laboratory
provision is needed for a hydraulic branch for the testing, by practical
methods, and systematic study of flow of water in turbines, etc., as well
as for practical tests of refrigerating machinery. The geological laboratory
is at present destitute of any cartographic branch provided with rehet
models, geological maps and sections, and wholly wanting in all
reputation' of that laboratory, whereas, however brilliant may
be his discovery, his old Sydney laboratory is ilLumined
thereby only with a borrowed light. We must not, however,
forget that the stimulus which comes from new environment
is highly beneficial to the student, but there is no reason, why
he should lose this advaoatage, even if the above proposal were
carried out, as after devoting the first year of his scholarship
to research in his own University, the remainder of his time
would be spent abroad. It may be questioned, however,
whether this innovation would be quite fair to the student un-
less there were a reasonable prospect of his two years tenure of
the travelling scholarship being lengthened to three years, as
is often the case, as one year alone spent abroad is insuffi-
cient for a thorough study of even a small branch of science.
What is perhaps more needed at our University than
travelling scholarships, are fellowships.
Pure science does not pay financially, at all events it does
noit pay those engaged in science research.* A pasb President
of our Royal Society has summarized the matter thust : — "The
devotees of science have necessarily abandoned the paths that
lead to possible affluence, and yet from their limited means
they contribute, as a rule, liberally to the cause that liea
nearest their hearts. But the institutions on which the pro-
gress of humanity depends, require assistance in the material
means for their maintenance, far beyond what lies in the
power of men of science to provide. It is peculiarly gratify-
ing, therefore, when those, whose financial genius has won for
them affluence, use the great power which that brings to pro-
mote the welfare of the people."'
The endowment of fellowships would enable us in New
South Wales to regain the services here of our research science
scholars, when the tenure of their travelling scholarships had
* That is, however well it may pay in the long run as it usually does,
it often does not pay when judged by its immediate results.
t Presidential Address to Royal Society of New South Wales. By
G. H. Knibbs, T.B.A.S., p. 43, vol. XXXIII., 1899.
PROFESSOR DAVIDS ADDRESS. 115
expired ; and the establighment in our midst of a body of
scientific workers familiar with the latest methods of research
in the Northern. Hemisphere would bring light and power to
the cause of science in this country.
Of all Sir William Macleay'a bequests to science probably
none will prove more useful than the fellowships, which he has
endowed. It is only by the labours of bands of advanced
research students, such as these, and the force of their living
example, that our University can hope to win for itself a re-
putation that may be world wide, so that men may seek to its
halls as of old they sought those of 'Bologna^ Paris, and Ox-
As regards teaching staff our University on the Science
side has many needs, but perhaps none is more keenly felt than
vhe need for a teacher of Botany. At present Botany is
grouped with Zoology under the chair of Biology, but ob-
viously it is no more possible for one man to deal with these
two vast subjects at our University than at other Universi-
ties, where the two great branches of Biology are invariably
represented by at least two chairs. Additions to the teach-
ing staff are also needed in Organic Chemistry and in Elec-
trical and Physical Chemistry. The question as to whether
Agriculture should not also form the subject' for a University
chair, is one well worthy of serious consideration. Agricul-
ture is taught at Oxford and Cambridge Universities, at no
less than 17 of the American Universities, at many of the
Universities of Germany, and at teaching establishments of
University standard in France, at Grignon, Grandjouan,
Montpelier, etc. In Switzerland it is taught at the Univer-
sity of Lausanne, and in Italy at the superior colleges of
Milan and Portici. Surely the great industry of
agriculture, the greatest in the country, in the words
of Lord Rosebery, "as old as it is honourable," and
yearly more and more dependent on the higher branches
of science, is one nob unworthy of a place on a Uni-
116 UNIVERSITy JUBILEE.
versity science curriculum. Another question lately mooted
by my colleague, Professor Wilson, has been the introduction
of German intO' the University curriculum, or into the en-
trance examination for science and medical students. Obvi-
ously such students should at least be a,ble to read with
facility scientific literature in German as well as French.
Another improvement in our curriculum may possibly soon be
Ihe conversion of the three years' courses in Science and
Mining Engineering each into a course of four years. This
by giving the students more time will make them more
thorough in their work.
Another direction in which science teaching at the Uni-
versity may be helped is in the way of subsidising scientific
expeditions, as has been so genierously done by Mr. W. A.
Horn, of South Australia, and Miss Eadith Walker, of New
The handsome donations, too, of the Hon. David Syme
proprietor of the Melbourne Age, and that of Professor Bald-
win Spencer's father, for the purpose of Natural History and
Ethnological Research in Ceaitral Australia and Northern
Territory, have been the means of securing for science informa-
tion, some of which would otherwise have been irrecoverably
There is gTea,t need for the explwation of our own coun-
try. The native fauna and flora are being so modified by bush
fires, rabbits, ajid the agency of man, that it will soon be al-
most impossible to decide which forms are indigenous and
The study of laoud and freshwater fauna and flora of Aus-
tralia are matters of almost as great urgency as^ is the Ethno-
logical study of our aborigines.
The question of making accurate hydraulic surveys of all
the artesian wells of New So'uth Wales, and elucidatino- the
physical problem present-ed by our artesian water, is one of
PROFESSOE David's address. 117
great importance from a scientific as well as from a commer-
The nature of the organisms in our artesian water, is
another urgent matter for research as well as is the ocean-
ography of the South Eastern Coast of Australia.
It is gratifying to note that Mr. Hedley, of the Austra^
Man Museum, and Mr. Halligaii, the Government Hydro-
grapher, have made a good beginning at the work of current
observation and study of the deep sea fauna of our coast ; the
results obtained are of the greatest interest, showing that
numerous forms of marine life previously believed to be ex-
tinct, are still living.
There is need, too, for a thorough geodetic siirvey of Aus-
tralia, and for a systematic study of our Australian Meiteor-
ology, of Local Force of Gravity, Terrestrial Magneitism, Seis-
Of hindrances to science in Australia fortunately little
may be said. Such as have occiirred have been similar to
those in the older countries, but in one respect we, in Austra-
lia, suffer under a disability from which most of the older
countries are exempt — there is practically little or no scien-
tific opinion in the people of Australia.* The Australasian
Association for the Advancement of Science, has, however,
already done something to remove this disability. Another
drawback is one to which a past president of our Royal
Society has already directed attention. We take our outdoor
games too seriously, and our laboratory work too lightly. Time
should remove the former of these eivils, and' the storm and
stress of competition should eliminate the latter.
V. Conclusion. — So far I have tried to show why science
should be taught at Univercities ; how Universities other than
our own teach it, and how we teach it, and also how our
teaching might be improved.
* Probably it is chiefly upon the spread of science teaching at the
schools that we in Australia will have to depend in the future for the
development of a local scientific opinion.
118 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
It is to be regretted that in Sydney, as in London, the
number of studenits at the University is small in proportion
to the population as compared with the numbers at Paris
and Berlin. Paris and Berlin each have 12,000 University
students, London has 2,000 matriculated students at work.
There are 7 millions of inhabitants in London within the 30-
mile radiius, and if the proportion of students to population
in London were similar to those in Paris and Berlin, London
ought to have 20,000 University students instead of 2,000.
Sydney, tested by the Paris and Berlin standard, and credited
with the total population of New South Wales and Queens-
land, on which toi draw for students, should have 5,000 Uni-
versity students instead of 700. The cost and difficulty of
travel to Sydney from remote parts of New South Wales and
Queensland, as compared with the ready access of the popula-
tions of Paris and Berlin to their Universities, must be
allowed for. A greater appreciation by the public of the
advantages of University teaching should tend more than any-
thing else to raise the proportion of our students to popular
tion to the continental standard.
It cannot be any spirit of exclusiveness that deters
students from coming to us, for we have maintained a
thoroughly open door policy in our science as in all our other
teaching. Tie fact cannot be too strongly emphasized that
the science classes and laboratories of the University are open
to all comers, irrespective of the question as to whether the
student has matriculated or not. It cannot be expense, for
the fees are as low as under the circumstances they can well
be made, and compare very favourably in this respect with
the fees at other Universities. In cases where insufficient
means prevent a student from paying the University fees, the
Chancellor has the power to remit them, a power which is
exercised in a spirit far more liberaJ than the public imagines.-
Here, truly, then, exists at our University Huxley's ideal —
"a ladder reaching from the gutter to the University." Neither
PROFESSOR David's address. 119
can it be said that want of freedom to study hinders students
from coming to us, for "Lernfreiheit," the freedom to pursue
knowledge, has been preserved in the science no less than in
the other departments of this University.
Apart from higher considerations, if only the commer-
cial aspect of the case be taken, it is high time that the Aus-
tralian nation awoke to the need for learning the lessons of
modem science, such as our University courses afford. The
future of British trade wears a serious outlook. The rapid
exhaustion of the supplies of coal in Great Britain must
inevitably mean a decline in her manufactures. Already she
has been outstripped in the production of iron by America
and Germany, whereas only as receaatly as 1870, as shown by
the author of "Our Imperial Heritage" in a recent magazine,
her output of iron was more than equal to that of America and
Germany combined. It is not pleasing to contemplate this com-
parative shrinkage in British production. There are two chief re-
medies: (l)We must work harder and work better ; (2) More
attention must be paid to the development of the British Em-
pire beyond the seas ; and our Science Graduates are the best
equipped men to accomplisih this work on the science research
and industrial side, just as ax& our Arts Students in their
professions. But the fact must once more be emphasized that
success or failure of our University science men in keeping this
nation to the forefront in scientific methods and scientific
discovery whicli make for a nation's industrial greatness, de-
pends on the efficiency of the science teaching, and to be effi-
cient it must be founded on a broad and liberal education —
a foundation such as is specially supplied by a study of the
Arts, such as will teach stiudenits to live well and to think
In pressing forward for the prize of discovery of fresh
truth, science should heed neither praise nor blame, not un-
mindful of Huxley's words, "When science has made an im-
120 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
portant discovery, great is the acclamation of those that are
benefited thereby, and for the time being science is the Diana
of all the craftsmen, but even while the cries of jubilation re-
sound, tie crest of the wave of scientific investigation is far
away on its course over the illimitable ocean of the unknown. '
The thought, that nothing like the thousandth part of
the scientific truths that shall be known by man are already
known, should surely inspire us to press onward.
Science is like a great lighthouse on an island in a vast
sea. From time to time the lantern may be improved ; even
the lighthouse itself may be pulled down to its foundations,
and rebuilt higher and stronger, and the new light now chases
darkness from the face of the deep over an area greater than
before, but this only serves to widen to our gaze the infinite
darkness that lies beyond.
In the grand pursuit of Truth differences between indivi-
duals, between classes, and even between nations, are for-
gotten ; and on an occasion like this of our present Jubilee,
the holy bond of learning has united us, as shown by the many
friendly greetings sent us, with many nations, kindreds and
tongues. Such a bond of world-wide sympathy is very strong
between scientific men, and gives additional inspiration ajid
encouragement to us in our work.
On such an occasion as that of our present Jubilee one is
reminded of the beautiful words spoken by Gaston Paris, as to
the ideal of the scientific oult, in a lecture to his students
during the siege of Paris — a lecture punctuated by bursting
shells: — "I profess absolutely and without reserve this
doctrine, that the sole object of science is truth, and truth
for its own sake, without regard to consequences, good or evil,
happy or unhappy. He who through patriotic, religious, or
even moral motives, allows himself the smallest dissimulation,
the slightest aberration, is not worthy to have a place in the
great laboratory where honesty is a more indispensable claim
to admission than ability. Thus understood, common studies.
PHOFEssoK David's address. 121
pursued in the same spirit, in all civilized countries, form,
above restricted and too often hostile nationalities, a ' grande
patrie ' which no war stains, no conqueror menaces ; and
where spirits find rest and communion perfect as that given
in olden times to those who sought shelter in the city of
* That is " City of Refuge." As the passage has been somewhat spoiled
in the translation, I venture to add the original, which was kindly given to
me by Mile. Soubeiran : — " Je propose absolument et sans r&erve oette doe-
trine que la science n'a d'autre objet que la v6rit^ et la v^rite pour elle-meme,
sans auoun aouci des consequences bonnes ou mauvaises, regrettables ou
heureuses que cette verite pourrait avoir dans la pratique. Celni qui, par
un motif patriotique religieux et mSme moral, se permet dans les faits
qu'il etudie, dans les conclusions qu'il tire, la plus petite dissimulation,
I'alteration la plus l^g^re, n'est pas digne d'avoir sa place dans le grand
laboratoire ou la probity, est un titre d' admission plus indispensable que
I'habilete — Ainsi comprises, les etudes communes poursuivies aveo lem^me
esprit dans tons les pays civilises. Forment au-dessus des nationalit^s
restreintes et trop souvent hostiles, une grand patrie qu' auoune guerre ne
souille, qu' aucun conqu^rant ne menace, et oil les ames trouvent le refuge
et t' unite que la cit^ de Dieu leur a donnas en d'autres temps."
In fourth line from end of footnote, for " dans tons les
pays civilises. Forment" etc., read "dans tons les pays
civilises, forment " etc.
120 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
portant discovery, great is the acclamation of those that are
benefited thereby, and for the time being science is the Diana
of all the craftsmen, but even while the cries of jubilation re-
sound, the crest of the wave of scientific investigation is far
away on its course over the illimitable ocean of the unknowji.'
The thought, that nothing like the thousandth part of
the scientific truths that shall be known by man are already
known, should surely inspire us to press onward.
Science is like a great lighthouse on an island in a vast
sea. From time to time the lantern may be improved ; even
the lighthouse itself may be pulled down to its foundations,
and rebuilt higher and stronger, and the new light now chases
darkness from the face of the deep over an area greater than
before, but this only serves to widen to our gaze the infinite
darkness that lies
■ -^^^-e^Bte .M"i
Un siicn 'M occasion as that of our present Jubilee one is
reminded of the beautiful words spoken by Gaston Paris, as to
the ideal of the scientific cult, in a lecture to his students
during the siege of Pajris — a leotiure punctuated by bursting
shells : — ■' I profess absolutely and without reserve this
doctrine, that the sole object of science is truth, and truth
for its own sake, without regaj:d to consequences, good or evil,
happy or unhappy. He who through patriotic, religious, or
even moral motives, allows himself the smallest dissimulation,
the slightest aberration, is not worthy to have a place in the
great laboratory where honesty is a more indispensable claim
to admission than ability. Thus understood, common studies
PROFESSOR David's address. 121
pursued in the same spirit, in all civilized countries, form,
above restricted and too often hostile nationalities, a ' grande
patrie ' which no war stains, no conqueror menaces ; and
where spirits find rest and communion perfect as that given
in olden times to those who sought shelter in the city of
* That is " City of Refuge." As the passage has been somewhat spoiled
in the translation, 1 venture to add the original, which was kindly given to
me by Mile. Soubeiran : — " Je propose absolument et sans reserve oette doc-
trine que la science n'a d'autre objet que la v6rit^ et la v^rit^ pour elle-m6me,
sans aucun souci des consequences bonnes ou mauvaises, regrettables ou
heureuses que eette v^rite pourrait avoir dans la pratique. Celui qui, par
un motif patriotique religieux et raeme moral, se permet dans les faits
qu'il etudie, dans les conclusions qu'il tire, la plus petite dissimulation,
I'alteration la plus l^g^re, n'est pas digne d'avoir sa place dans le grand
laboratoire ou la probit6, est un titre d' admission plus indispensable que
I'habiletS — Ainsi comprises, les etudes communes poursuivies aveo le meme
esprit dans tons les pays oivilisfe. Forment au-dessus des nationalit^s
restreintes et trop souvent hostiles, une grand patrie qu' aucune guerre ne
souille, qu' aucun conqu^rant ne menace, et oil les §.mes trouvent le refuge
et t' unite que la cit4 de Dieu leur a donnas en d'autres temps."
122 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
DR. SYDNEY JONES' LUNCHEON PARTY.
After Professor David's Address, the Visiting Delegates,
the Chancellor and Fellows of the Senate, and Professors were
entertained at luncheon by Dr. P. Sydney Jones, at the Aus-
tralia Hotel. Dr. Jones stated that one of the objects of the
gathering was to give the delegates and the governing body
of the University an opportunity of discussing academic mat-
ters in an informal way in the hope that criticism might lead
GARDEN PARTY AT THE OBSERVATORY.
Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Russell were "at home" at the Obser-
vatory in the afternoon. The pleasantly-situated and well-
shaded grounds of the Observatory offered special attractions
to the guests, for the day was sultry, and a long-looked-for cool
wind from the south did not arrive until an advanced hour.
Refreshments were served on the lawn. Invitations had been
issued to about five hundred ladies and gentlemen, including
the visiting delegates, the members of the University govern-
ing body ajid teaching staff, a large number of graduates and
undergraduates, and many private friends of the host and
THE UNDERGRADUATES' SMOKE CONCERT.
The Smoke Concert given in the Great Hall by the Un-
dergraduates' Ass'ociation was well attended. Mr. S. A.
Smith, president of the association, was in the chair, and
most of tbe visiting delegates were present.
A programme of vocal music was carried out. The toast
of "The University" was proposed by Professor Bensley, and
responded to by Prpfessor David.
The President proposed the toast of "The Visitors," to
which M. Le Goupils made reply.
women's college " AT HOME." 123
WOMEN'S COLLEGE "AT HOME."
While the Undergraduates' Smoke Concert was in pro-
gress in the Great Hall, a number of guests were being enter-
tained by Miss Macdonald, the principal, at the Women's
College. A number of Greek tableaux vivants were presented
by the students of the College. The entertainment was begun
by Mr. Arthur Pratt, who sang a Hymn to Nemesis. The cur-
tain then rose upon "the goddesses, Hera, Pallas, and Aphro-
dite, with the apple of discord." The succeeding tableaux re-
presented "Helen persuaded by Aphrodite to accompany Paris,"
"Androm.ache's fate as a captive," "dytemnestra orders Cass-
andra to enter the palace," "Nausicaa and her maidens," "Pene-
lope at the Loom," "Penelope mourning," "Penelope, and the
nurse telling of Odysseus' return." The pictures were presented
with attention not only to beauty of grouping and colouring,
but also to truth of archaeological detail. Professor MacCal-
lum introduced each with a few explanatory remarks and read
English versions of the passages from Homer, Aeschylus, or
Euripides, dealing with each particular scene. Mr. Pratt
brought the programme to a close by singing a song from the
first Pythian ode of Pindar. Refreshments were then served
among the guests.
UNIVERSITY BOAT CLUB REGATTA.
The celebrations were brought to a close on the afternoon
of October 4th with an aquatic carnival on the calm waters of
the hill-flanked Lane Cove River, one of the long, winding
estuaries of Port Jackson. The groundb of St. Ignatius' Col-
lege had) been placed for the occasion at the disposal of the
University. Two large refreshment marquees had been
erected. The weather was propitious, for the sky was bright,
and from the south-east there blew a cool and gentle breeze.
Thousands of spectators watched the proceedings with interest
and amusement. The visitors were received by the Rev. T.
Gartlan, S.J., rector of St. Ignatius' College. During the
124 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
afternoon there were present the State Governor, Sir Harry
Kawson ; the Governor of Victoria, Sir George Clarke ; His
Excellency Vice-Admiral Sir L. Beaumont, Sir Samuel Grif-
fith, Judge Backhouse, Mr. R. R. P. Hickson, Captain Bird,
Mr. E. W. O'Sullivan, Mr. Q. L. Deloitte, president of the
Rowing Association, and Mr. G. E. Upward. Mr. Deloitte
was lunpire, Mr. K. F. Giltinan starter, and Mr. J. Degotardi
judge. The regatta committee, Messrs. C. H. Helsham. A.
G. Purves,, H. O. Lethbridge, J. G. W. Hill, and A. G. de L.
Arnold, worked hard to make the carnival a success, and their
efforts were well rewarded. The University Boat Club won
the maiden fours race from Glebe, Balmain, and Leichhardt
Clubs. The Sobraon Boys' race was won by No. 5 cutter, and
the eight-oar exhibition rowing was won by Glebe Rowing
Club champion crew, with Mercantile and Leichhardt cham-
pion crews close up, and on equal terms for second honours.
In the Faculties four-oared race the prize for best turn out
was won by Law, with Medicine close up. This was a well
worked-up contest, and proved a most attractive item of the
The first race on the programme was that of the Maiden
Fours. Four crews — ^University B.C., Leichhardt R.C., Glebe
R.C., and Balmain R.C. — -took part. The result was an easy
win for the University. Five crews started in the Sobraon
Boys' Race, and pulled enthusiastically, but steered erratic
courses. Fouls were the result, and two of the boats stuck on
a mud-bank. A condition of the Inter-Faculty race was that
the crews should appear in appropriate costume,, a prize being
offered foi^ the most original "turn out." The Medical quar-
tette appeared as skeletons, with a little demon coxswain, sur-
rounded with sulphur-fumes, while a large box labelled "Pills"
graced the bow. The Arts crew represented armed aborigi-
nals. Law was symbolised by four Mephistophelian figures,
steered by Justice. Engineering was represented by a crew
UNIVERSITY DRAMATIC SOCIKTY. 125
of Lascars, with a miniature boiler and engine in the bow.
The result of the race was as follows :
Law ... ... . . , 2
Medicine ... ... ... ... 2
Engineering ... ... ... ... 3
-A^rts ... ... ... ... ... 4
Sir Samuel Griffith acted as judge in this event. The Inter-
Faculty racers were not the only crews which adopted fancy
dress. A number of comical figures were disporting them-
selves about the course, and enlivening the proceedings by
their antics. Seven crews competed in the Exhibition of
Eight-Oar Bowing. Mr. Upward who had come from Mel-
bourne to judge this event, awarded the first place to the Glebe
No. 1 crew.
A good programme of music was provided during the
afternoon by the band of N.T.S. Sobraon.
UNIVERSITY DRAMATIC SOCIETY.
Before the official jubilee proceedings had begun, twoi of
the most flourishing of the University clubs provided enter-
tainment for our waiting gniests. On the aftemoan of
Monday, September 29bh, the University Amateur
Dramatic Society gave an entertainment at the
Palace Theatre. The auditorium was crowded, and
His Excellency the State Governor, Lady Rawson, and
a party from Government House, were present. The
curtain rose first upon "The Threshold," a one-act play by
Mr. Norman Gough, B.A. The plot of the play is simple.
The Vicomte de Braganze discovers his wife's lover; a duel
follows, and the husband kills his rival. This story^ not very
original, perhaps, in itself, was so treated by Mr. Gough as to
be interesting and dramatically effective. The dialogue Weis
crisp, and the situations managed with artistic skill. Miss
Erances Rutledge (of the Bland Holt Company) gave the
society invaluable assistance by appearing as Athenais, wife of
] 26 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
the Vif omte de Braganze. Mr. Gough himself took the part
of the Vicomte, while the parts of the lover, and of Henri, an
old servitor, wero severally sustained by Mr. W. J. Creagh and
Mr. L. Sidney. At the conclusion of the piece there were loud
cries for the author, who bowed his acknowledgments.
Sheridan's comedy, "The Critic, or a Tragedy Rehearsed"
(with the interpolations of Mr. Charles Mathews) was then
presented. The principal parts were taken by Messi«. N.
Gough, Stuart Kay, J. P. Jones, H. de Lissa, L. K. Ward, W.
J. Creagh, D. J. Carroll, S. L. Davies, Misses Elsie Dumolo,
Maude Scrutton, and Winifred Ward.
THE UNIVEEEITY UNION. 127
THE UNIVERSITY UNION.
In the evening Sir Josiah Symon, K.C., lectured in the
Great Hall, under the auspices of the University Union, upon
"Universities : Some Chaxacteristics and Uses." The Chan-
cellor, Sir Normand Maclaurin, presided ; and there were
also on the dais Messrs. E. K,. Holme and E,. C. Teece (Presi-
dent and Vice-President of the Union) ; Senators R. E. O'Con-
nor. Walker and Gould ; Professor MacCallum, Judges Back-
house and Dockei:. Rev. J. Ferguson, ilessrs. R. N. Teece, G. H.
Wilson, and others. There was a large audience in the body
of the hall. Before Senator Symon delivered his address, Mr.
Arnold R. Mote gave a performance on the organ.
SENATOR SYMON'S ADDRESS.
Senator Symon, whose uprising was the signal for welcom-
ing applause, said that little did Darwin foresee, when he bade
his famous farewell, that an Australian University, full of the
traditions and learning of the past, sharing in the destinies
of an all-Australian Commonwealth, would so soon celebrate
its jubilee. They might be specially proud, as theirs was
the first jubilee under the Southern Cross. His remarks,
he explained, were chiefly for those of the Union, not for the
professors, the dons, and the sages. He regarded the admis-
sion of women to the University, and the opening of the
avenues of labour to them, as far more important than the
granting of the franchise. Why, oh, why, did not the late Mr.
Cecil Rhodes permit of women competing for his scholarships ?
How was the efficiency in the University they sought to be
attained ? In the forefront came the professors. Upon them
it chiefly depended whether the University should fulfil or fail
in its high purpose. Quality, and not quantity, was the one
thing needed in their teaching. The time of the professor
was the property of his student, but the most heaven-born pro-
128 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
ftjssor could not do all ; students must do their part — a great
and important part. They should not be restless under disci-
pline or affrighted by difficulties. There was a Spartan thrill
in learning "to scorn delights and live laborious days." At
the same time the University and its priesthood, the profeeso-
rial staff, sJiould have a watchful care lest disappointment
overtook the sensitive student and daunted him.
With the examination system he was not deeply in love.
It was, he thought, overdone. It led too much to learning to
pass, and not learning to know ; to cramming the memory
and starving the intellect. The examination over, the
student was tempted to say, like some academic Micawber,
"Thank Grod that is over,'' instead of saying, "I am glad
to have had that opportunity of showing what I know." Might
he also protest against that much-used quotation, "A little
leajming is a dangerous thing." Let no undergraduate ab-
stain from drinking at all because he fancied he could not
" drink deep " — this is to say at the Pierian spring. Aftar
all allowance for the too affluent heai-t of youth, if there
was to be effervescence, it should be a disciplined effervescence.
That, again, was largely in the hands of the colleges and staffs,
whose success would depend on the extent to which graduates
and undergraduates were treated as human beings with human
passions and human weaknesses, and not as inanimate vessels
to be filled with so much learning ; and on the extent to which
their lives, as well as their studies, were of interest to profes-
sors and tutors. There was a fine safety valve in the sports :
cricket, rowing, and so on, which occupied a not unimportant
and by no means too large a place in the Univesrsity life.
He put in an urgent plea for greater attention to the
English language, the language of Shakespeare, of Bacon, of
Pitt and Fox, of Byron and Shelley. It was the vehicle of
the finest literature in the world. The French Academy ex-
isted t'o preserve the delicacy of the French language. Ought
they to be indifferent to English ? But in urging this increased
SENATOE SYMON's ADDRESS. 129
attention to English he wished to couple with it, not merely its
reading and study, but its utterance and articulation.
Speech played so important a part in the movement
and government of the world that to be effective the manner
had to be studied as well as the matter. The muttering and
want of clearness in our spoken speech was very lamentable.
Elocution should be taught in every University. Their glori-
ous English was too often ruined in its utterance; instead of
going trippingly from the tongue, it was mutilated, and halfc-
ing. Was there not room, also, for poetry ? It was not to
make poets, but to cultivate the mind, refine the tastes, en-
large the understanding, and perfect the powers of expression
that poetry had claims on a University curriculum. The use-
fulness of a University was ill served if it did not take into
account history under which men would learn to apply the
science of philosophy to the study of facts. Civil history was
the record of the life of nations, and wasi all-important. Was
the beauty of art to be left out of sight? Surely, painting
and sculpture and architecture were worthy of a place in any
University course. If there were doctors of music, why not
of painting and sculpture and architecture ? The University
of to-day was ill-fitted for its task without technical schools,
as it was without the equipment of an adequate library. No
University in these times would answer its educational destiny
unless it allowed the free air of reform to enter its gates, and
to blow away the cobwebs of old-fashion and use. The time
had come when Universities might well resolve that everything
which might tend to help in the world's advancement was
worthy of their attention and direction.
It was almost with whispering humbleness that he put
forward a plea in the direction of a field of usefulness upon
which no University, so far as he was aware, had entered;
might not a University do something to keep the people politi-
cally sound? What ought to be the goal of the wisest and
130 UNIVERSITY JUBILEK.
best Government ? Was it not to fill the country with brave,
■wise, contemted, and happy men and women. We were of a
race first among the strong ones of the earth ; but that strength
must be moral, as well as material. Our rulers must be
taught to do right. Was there no room for that in the Uni-
versity curriculum ? Might they not help to a right compre-
hension of affairs, of conditions, of principles, and that fairness,
justice, and equality amongst men which ought to hold — if
it did not — as high and efficient a place in politics and Govern-
ments as in their Courts, and among their judges? Surely a
Univeirsity might do something to inspire the minds of future
rulers with these great principles, and make impossible the re-
proach which was sometimes levelled, that they had departed
out of the land.
What was the sum of it all? What, then, was the chief
end of a University? Its purpose was not alone to impart
learning, but to see that the learning it imparted was not used
for selfish or ignoble ends ; that it was used to promote all phy-
sical and moral good, to extend man's empire over nature and
the material world to keep the flag of civil and religious liberty
flying, and to uphold virtue and order and justice. If that be
the legend inscribed upon her banners, then "signs of noble-
ness, like sitars, shall shine upon you." They looked to the
University to give them open-minded men and good citizens,
who would maintain the moral currency, who would not suffer
it to be debased. The growth of the democracy had not les-
sened, but vastly enlarged, the power, as it had increased the
responsibility of the University. Was there not much to be
done through the University in mitigating the over-weening
confidence and self-glorification of material success and depre-
ciation of the things of the mind.
What had the authorities of the University done towards
directing or controlling the tyranny of public opinion? Had
it raised human nature from its intellectual languor and moral
indolence? Had they, or their sons, led, as they ought in these
times of vast movement and change ? It had often been said
SENATOR SYMON's ADDRESS. 131
ol' the English Universities that their aim was to form what
England valued as the flower of her life — a well-educated gen-
tleman. Finally, the ultimate design of it all was to make
good men- — -not goody-goody, but good men in the best sense.
Let them imbue themselves with principles of virtue and
sound philosophy, and learn the lessons of self-government and
discipline on the one hand, and of kindness and consideration!
to their fellow-men on the other. Animated by this spirit,
they might, when the time came, step with confidence into the
world of life and action from the portals of the University,
thanking Grod that, to them at least, it had been of use.
On resuming his seat. Senator Symon was enthusiastically
applauded for several minutes.
Judge Backhouse, one of the members of the Union at
the time of its inception, proposed a vote of thanks to Senator
S3Tnon, whom he described, in the words of Henry VIII., as
"a learned and a most rare speaker." Mr. R. C. Teec© second-
ed the motion, which was carried by acclamation. On tihe
motion of Mr. E. R. Holme, President of the Union, a vote
of thanks was also accorded to the Chairman.
132 UmVEESITT JUBILEE.
THE UNION BOOK,
On September 29th also was published "The Union Book
of 1902 " — ^fche other chief contribution of the Union towards
the celebration of the Jubilee. With the aid of a grant
from the Senate of the University, and the ready support of
a large number of subscribers, the Union Committee was able
to collect from its records a substantial volume of much his-
torical and permanent interest.
It consists of Presidential Addresses, Lectures and Essays,
composed for the Union at various times in the thirty years
or so of its existence, from the discourse of the First Presi-
dent (Dr. Badham) upon the relations of such a society to
academic study and the life of the community, to the retro-
spective review of the aims and hopes of those who did most
to establish the University as a teaching institution, by the
last retiring President (Dr. Wilson). Among the other
selections are a paper by Professor Scott upon the " Use and
Abuse of Examinations," and an address by Professor Mac-
Callum maintaining the old teaching function as against re-
cent proposals that degrees in Arts should be gra-nted without
attendance at lectures and upon examination alone ; literary
and philosophical studies of Burke, by Professor Butler, T. H.
Green by Professor Anderson, and Ibsen by Mr. N. J. Gough ;
together with entertaining accounts of the Oxford Union by
the State Attorney-General, Mr. B. R. Wise, K.C., and of
older Sydney University days by His Honor Judge Back-
house, who took a leading part in the fooindation of the Union
itself. The book concludes with a piece taken from the
shortlived Sydney University Review and dealing, over the
date of 1882, with the need for the institution of that Biolo-
gical Department which now has its own large building and
its own important place in the scientific curricula of various
faculties. The writer, Professor Stephens, reveals a great
literary eruditioni and taste appropriate in one who served the
University equally wiell as Acting-Professor of Classics and
Professor of Natural Hisrtiory.
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 133
The congratulatoly addresses — birtiiday greetings to the
TJaiversity of Sydney from her sisters in Australasia, Europe,
America, and Japan — constitute an interesting collection..
With few exceptions they are couched in Latin, which is still
a possible universal means of communication in the world of
letters, as French was in the world of diplomacy. Moreover,
the sonorous Latin is appropriate to compositions of this kind,
as its weighty syllables and rounded peiriods invest even trite
sentiments with a grave dignity and charm that redeems them
from triviality ; the langviage itself seems to give an impression
of earnestness that is eminently satiafying.
Pre-eminent in point of beauty is the comparatively small
sheet which contains the short address from Oxford. With its
great initial G in blue and gold and red, its smaller initial
letters in gold and red, its pendent seal protected by its gilt
metal case, this address easily bears the palm. Love of leaxnimg
and common pitrsuit of knowledge constitute a bond, says the
address, which defies distance and the estranging ocean. It
ends with a reference to the recent services of the coloinies —
"the bond between ourselves and the colonies is closer than ever
before, for they responded to the call of duty in our hour of
peril, and freely threw lives and fortunes into the scale to
succour their common mother." The address from Cambridge,
v/hich stands by the side of that from Oxford, is in most com-
plete contrast, as it is a plain, though beautifully printed,
sheet. The address itself is interesting. A happy use is) made
of a quotation from Scipio's Dream, where it is said that the
old world has no concern with the lands that form the southern
girdle of the earth. The address points out how this is no
longer true, but that Britons are linked with Britons, both on
the battlefield and in the pursuit of the arts of peace. Allu-
134 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
sion is made to the bestowal of the degree of LL.D. upon Sir
William Windeyer and upon Sir Edmund Barton.
The address from Owens College, Manchester, is elaborately
illuminatfid) with corner floral designs. It reminds tis that our
friends at home are living in the shortening days of tihe
autumn. "To us," it says, "who live in Manchester, with its
everlasting pall of smoke, you in Sydney seem almost too
blessed. With your crystal atmosphere, your pleasant land,
your magnificent harbour, and the buildings which adorn your
city, you can claim of right the title 'Athens of the South'
(Athenae Australis). Nor is the true Attic culture missing
among you who have shown yourselves adapted equally to the
pursuits of peace and those of war." Specific reference is made
to the University's work in chemistry and geology. The
address ends with the prayer that the University of Sydney,
which for fifty years past has been the "citadel and bulwark of
culture" (ars et propugnaculum verae culturae), may flourish
for ages to the confusion of ignorance, the increase of know-
ledge, and the protection of worth.
The University of Birmingham greets the University of
Sydney as her elder sister, and refers to the fact that it was
from Birmingham that Charles Badham, vir summa doctrina,
migrated hither. Her address concludes with the hope that
the Universities of the Empire may ever be united in sentiment.
Among the addresses from American Universities, that
from Harvard is interesting reading. Harvard regrets that she
has no delegate to send. "Perhaps," she says, "you would not
have regarded him as a stranger, though he came from across
the sea, for as you know blood is thicker than water."
Toronto reminds us that the Dominion of Canada (hoc
Dominium quod aiunt Canadense) sprang from the labours of
Macdonald and Brown, one of whom was an alumnus, the other
a stanch suppoirter of Toronto University. Similarly, she says,
our alumnus. Sir Edmund Barton, has been the chief artificer
in the work of federation (novae civitatis vestrae fabricandae
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 135
The University of Pennsylvania reminds us that a centtiry
ago she held the same position in America a* the University
of Sydney holds to-day in Australia. The work of both was the
adapting of the older European learning and methods to new
political conditions (doctrinam disciplinamque Europeam ad
usus novarum rerum publicanim accommodare). She ex-
presses the hope that the University may reach its centenary
enriched by public and private munificence, and ever be the
brightest ormament of New South Wales.
The Universities of Germany are largely represented. From
Berlin comes an address which dwells upon the bond of union
constituted by our common literary and scientific pursuits.
"Here," it goes on to say, "where but a few years ago savages
but little removed from animals roamed (homines feri ac paene
bestiarum ritu degentes vagabamtur) unremitting industry has
established the highest degree of culture, and the closest inter-
course with the external world. Where once were heard accents
hardly worthy of the name of human speech lecture halls (audi-
toria) stand in which the teachings of litea-ature and science
are open to all." In a similar strain the address from Heidel-
berg celebrates in a paragraph of great beauty and rhythm the
progress of Sydney, both economic and intellectual. The Uni-
versity, with its beautifxd buildings, stands as the citadel and
rampart of culture against all that is) illiberal, mean, and with-
out permanent value for man. Fifty years, says the address
from Jena, are but a span compared with the antiquity of the
older seats of learning, such as that of Jena herself, whose
years number nearly ten times as many, but the true comparison
is with the space of time that has elapsed since the establish-
ment of the colony. This rapidity of growth, and the excellence
of results already attained, makes all the heavier the demands
of the next half century.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE.
Universitati Sydneiensi Universitas Mblburniensis
Quinquagesimus iam annus est, viri doctissimi, ex quo
vestra civitas, cum urbem istam situ caeloque amoenissimam
artium et scientiarum omnium liberalium instrumento exor-
nare decrevisset, Academiam Sydneiensem magna cum spe in-
auguravit. Incepto, ut temporibus illis, vehementer laudando
laudem in dies maiorem prudentia gubemantium, studia et
doctrina praeceptorum, liberalitas civium per decem lustra
feliciter attulerujit. Quae cum ita sint, scitote nos vobis
ferias tam iusta de causa celebraturis tali gratulari benevolen-
tia "quaJem decet esse sororum." Jure enim Universitas nostra,
natu quidem minor prope tamen aequalis, vicinita/te proxima,.
artes eisdem institutis oolens vobis se omnium conjunctissimam
esse iactat. Neque vero immemores sumus f acem haiLC qualem-
cumque nositram eo maturius atque ardentius accensam fuisse,,
quod ilia vestra iam per triennium ita explendesceret ut noiL
solum viam nostratibus monstraret sed etiam ad aemulationem
generosam semper inritaret. Itaque fausta hac occasione' data
Universitatem vestram toto corde salutantes eis prosequimur
votis, quae potissimum nuncsuipare debet sororis earga sororem
integra pietas. Quinetiam artius foederata iam re publica
tesseras per hos dies inter nos permutare vel potius communicare
licebit, et sicut nobis in gaudio vestro "mens eadem" quae vobi»
erit, ita ad Universitatem vestram, praeclaram iam et quam
maxime spectabilem, in primis pertinere illud "postera crescam.
laude" persuasissimum habebimus.
Dabamus Melbumiae a.d. V. Kal. Oct. MCMII. Scribendo-
John Madden, LL.D., B.A.,
W. J. Wrixon, M.A.
T. P. McInkknbt, M.A., LL.D.,
CONGRATULATOEY ADDUESSES. 137
THE UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE.
Univeesitatis Sydneiensis Cancellario et Senatui
Academiae vestrae et vetustate et opibiis tofca Australia
praestantissimae annos quinquaginta feliciter peractos gratu-
latur academia nostra Adelaidensis. Quod non tantum quia
communi quodam studiorum vinculo vobiscum coniuncta est
sed 60 libentius facit cum non nulli disciplinis iam. vestris in-
formati apud nos docendi munere adcuratissime fungantur
compertumque satis inde habeamus industria singulari dili-
gentiaque a vobis iuventutem erudiri. Etenian id conditores
ipsoa Academiae vestrae egisse agnoscimus ut discipulos non
solum doctiores sed meliores ipsique rei publicae utiliores red-
derent. Ac ne quis dubitet eiusdem esse opera in utramque
partem viriliter navanda et doctrinam studiosorum et commoda
civium augere insigne omnibus exemplum proposuit Badhamus
ille vester, vir clarissimus.
Quid igitur nunc precemur potius quam ut gloriam ves-
tram semper, ut soletis, tueamini et quern ad modum urbis
vestrae portus pulcherrimus ab omnibus gentibus lucri quaes-
tusque caiisa celebretur sic academia quoque in sede amcenis-
sima exstructa, civium munificentia adomata, legibus firmata
saluberrimis, tanquam ad mercaturam bonarum artium adules-
centes plurimos ad se trahat ?
Cum autem fructum aliquem percepturi videantur quicum-
que in hoc vitae versantur genere si non nunquam inter se ser-
mones oonsdliaque contulerint, huiusmodi ocoasione a vobis
benignissime oblata gratias amplissimaa reddimus.
S. J. Way,
Adelaidae Datum a.d. V. Kal. Oct. MDCCCCII.
138 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW ZEALAND
The University of Sydney.
We desire to offer you our warmest congratulations on
this occa.sion, when you celebrate the Jubilee of your founda-
tion. During the past fifty years you have worthily discharged
the high functions of a University, and held up the torch of
learning in tihese new worlds of the Southern Hemisphere.
Other Universities have, in the meantime, arisen in Australa-
sia, whose efforts are now directed towards one common object,
the spread of culture and scientific knowledge among the rising
nations of the British Empire. To you who led the way in
this work, the others now offer their tribute of esteem and
veneration ; amd we, though outside the pale of the great Aus-
tralian Commonwealth, are one with its members in presenting
this tribute to the centre of learning in the parent State.
The individual members of our Senate thank you warmly
for your cordial invitation to be present with you on this
happy occasion. Many of them have felt a strong desire to
go, but are prevented by insuperable difficulties. We ask one
of those members — Mr. James Hay, M.A., LL.B. — ^who is able
to respond to your invitation, to read this letter, and convey
to you our share in the congratulations and good wishes with
which the new and the old worlds greet you.
May success and prosperity attend you in the great work
of which you now celebrate the first stage; and may your in-
fluence for good grow and expand through the centuries.
Signed on behalf of the University,
J. W. Joyce,
CONGRATULATOKY ADDRESSES. 139
VTCTOE.IA COLLEGE, WELLINGTON, N.Z.
To the Chancellor and Senate of the University of Sydney.
We, the members of the Council of Victoria College,
Wellington, New Zealand, most heartily convey to you our con-
gratulations on the occasion of this your Jubilee. Your
Jubilee holds the proud distinction of being the oldest in Aus-
tralasia. .The broad foundations you laid and the noble struc-
ture you have reared have been alike an ideal and incentive
to those other communities which are seeking in their devotion
to higher education one of the most enduring bonds of unity.
In forming the mind and moulding the thought of the
past generations of your students, you have helped to make the
men who have framed your politics and determined the char-
acter of youx institutions.
We rejoice that the service you have rendered has been so
W. A. Evans,
Charles P. Powles,
Wellington, N.Z., September 20, 1902.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM.
Universitatas Bibminghamieksis Universitati Stdneiensi
Gratias vobis agimus, Collegae Sydneienses, quod natalem
quinquagesimiim Academiae vestrae celebraturi nos adesse
gaiidiique vestri participea esse voluistis, et ex animo dolemua
new spatiis iuiquis Ooeani dissociabilis a coetu vesrtro auspica-
Hac enim lege utrique sumus Britanni ut et vos a nobis
et nos a vobis paene totus orbis tearrarum dividat. Sed quam-
quam hospitio vestro uti non possumus, diem faustum sollem-
uium vestrorum vobis gratulari liceat.
140 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM.
Academiam vestram tamquaan sororem senioram salu-
tamus, et pro perpefua salute et felicitate vestra vota pia nun-
cupamus; eoque die cum ad sacra vestra celebranda tot viri
illustres ex omnibus Australiae coloniis, hodie in unam rem-
publicam feliciter sociatis, Sydneiam convenerint, nos quoque
apud vos auimo deversabimur ; et vos nostri memores estote.
Magna est iam nobis cum Univers'itate vestra necessitndo et
affinitas : nam et civitate inperii Britannici et toto genero
studiorum academicorum coniuncti sumus.
Extant autem inter nos duo praecipua vincula amicitiao,
siquidem Cancellarium nostrum, virum summis laudibus cumu-
latum, Josephum Chamberlain, vos perinde ac nos animo grato
pioque prosequimini, et ex urbe Birminghamia vir summa doo-
trina, Carolus Badbam, in civitatem vestram academicam mi-
gravit. Universitati ergo vestrae nos et hodie cognates esse
gloriamur et amicitiae vinculis artissimis semper fore coniuno-
Unum foedus semper esto sicut totius nominis Britannici
ita omnium Universitatum Britannicarum. Valete.
Datum Birminghamiae, et commimi sigillo Universitatis
obsignatum die undecimo mensis Junii A.S. MDCCCCII.
Charles G. Beale,
J. H. POTNTING,
Decanus Facultatis Scientiae.
E. A. SONNENSCHEIN,
Dtcanua Facultatia Artium.
Bertram C. A. Windle,
Decanut Facultatia Medicinae.
George H. Morlet,
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 141
THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.
Universitati Sydneiensi Univebsitas Cantabrigiensis
Litteris vestris, viri doctissimi, ad nos hafid ita pridem
perlatis, non sine gaudio intelleximus, Universitatem vestram
annizm quinquagesiniiun ab origine sua feliciter exactum ant©
Kalendas Octobres esse celebraturam. Quicquid Universitati
vestrae, quicquid vobis omnibus, qui Australiae totius provinr
ciam antiquissimam incolitis curae esse constat, idem etiatn
nosmet ipsos ipsamque Britanniam tangit ; neque ad Britannos
pertinent verba ilia Scipionis in Somnio a duce Romano quon-'
dam audita: — "Australis ille orbis terrarum cingulus, in quo
qui insisttmt adversa vobis urgent vestigia, nihil ad vestrum
genus.'' Quamquam enim vesftigia vestra noetris vestigiis sunt
adversa, easdem per vias eundem ad finem nobiscum progre-
dimini ; quanquam alia sidera suspicitis, caelo mutato animum
non mutavistis. Orbe toto a nobis diviai, tamen non modo in
pace sed etiam in bello, non patriae tantum sed imperii Britan-
nici totius amore, nobiscum estis coniuncti. Nos certe, etiam
studiorum communiiun vinculis vobis consociati, libenter re-
cordamur, primum unum e Cancellariis vestris, judicem inte-
gerrimum, deinde unum e Senatoribus vestris, Australiae in
provinciis nuper feliciter foederatis virum primarium constitu-
tum, doctoris titulo a nobis nuper omatum fuisse ; denique
Professorum vestrorum in ordine etiam nunc ut olim alumnos
nostros complures numerari. Ergo ludorum vesitrorum sae-
cularium in solleni die bae litterae ad vos trans maria perlatae
nostrum omnium benevolentiam testabuntur ; nos interim urbia
vestrae portum pulcherrimum, et Universitatis vestrae aedi-
ficia urbi superaddita, mentis saltern oculis e longinquo con-
templabimur, caelique nostri sub auctumno vobis omnibus anni
in tempore vemo exsultantibus, et Universitati vestrae aetar
tis suae in ipso vere florenti, omnia prospera etiam in posterum
exoptabimus. Valete. Datum Cantabrigiae. Nonis Juniis.
142 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN.
Universitas Dublinensis Universitati Sydneiensi
Pleno modio vobia gratulajnur, viri ornatissimi, cum anno's
iam quinquaginta terrae novae ac rudi facem humanitatis prae-
tulistis. Immo etiam decora ipsa Universitatum antiquiorum
in coetum vestrum adscire interdum voluisrtis, et apud vos sel-
1am nactus est Badham undo doctrinae suae opes jKjpulis
omnibus politris efiFunderet. Cum. itineris ad vos peragendi
longinquifcas et munerum atque officiorum domi exsequendorum
necessitas impediant quominus corajn una cum vobis gaudesr-
mus, utimur perurbana vestra indulgentia, et adlegamus homi-
nem doctissimum Alexandrum Leeper, alumnum nostrum pra.©-
clarum, terrae autem Australis filium adoptivum decusque
egregium Aedis sororis Melboumiensis, qui ferianim sit parti-
ceps et nostris suique verbis bona omnia vobis comprecetur.
Speramus porro ac oonfidimus fore ut hos annos quinqua-
ginta tarn feliciter decursos multa saecula excipiaut pari atque
adeo maiori successu insignita.
THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.
Universitati Glasguensis Universitas Sydneiensi
Quinquagesimam celebrantium Academiae natalem non
alio libentius anno gaudiis vestris sollennibus interfuturi fuis-
semus quam hac temporum opportunitate cum non minus ob
bellum felioiter profligatum quam tot liberarum civitatum per
totum orbem dissitarum fidem, virtutem, pietatem. in ipso bello
erga antiquam matrem praestitam, Imperii cives universi
laetemur. Habet autem et Minerva comilitium aliquod quibus
vincuUs inter nos coartati magno kerele animo illud si vos
valetis bene est affirmamus; immo quod spatium istud in
decursu studiorum fauste confectum celebratis atque omine
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 143
cum bono vos in maiora accingitis, ea nobis maxima laetitiae
Neque vero, quamvis Britanni a Britannis toto orbe divisi
sitis, animo tantum litterammve nuntio licet ut saecularia
vestra prosequamur : siquidem viros doctissimos Franciscum
Anderson, A.M., et Kentigemum Guliehnum McCallimi, A.M.,
e gremio nostrae Academiae in Vestram migrates legavimus
qui suo iure banc benevolentiae nostrae professionem ad vos
R. Herbert Story,
Vice-Cajicellarius et Praefectus.
Nonis Jun. MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OP LONDON.
Universitas Londinensis Universitati Sydneianab
Benevolentiam vestram comitatemque erga nos ita litterae
vestrae nuper expresserunt, ita communem nobiscum societal
tem studiorum et doctrinae confirmaverunt, ut protinus miro
quodam accenderemur desiderio sedes Australes visendi vobis-
que ferias nataJes gratulandi, quippe qui a Verulamio
nostro et ab Aligero vate Latino exempla praeclara ac-
ceperimus rerum pretiosaruin ultra mare expetendarum.
"Nos manet oceanus circumvagus" ; apparet domus Sydneiana
omnibus liberalibus artibus omata ; ipsa tbesauris patef actis
invitat ut eadem ratione qua Ulixes senex in altum se misisse
fertur sapientiae cupiditate novas regiomes exploremus. "Multi
pertransibunt et augebitur scientia." Hac praesertim oppor-
tunitate regni reique publicae juvat reminisci quantum vobis
aoceptum referre debeamus, quo consortio Angligenae universi
simiis conjimcti, qua glona rerum feliciter gestarum, qua spe
diei meUoris. His auspiciis freti vobis omnia bona precamux.
144 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
Adlegavimus Luisam Ma^donald, artium magistram, liujiis Uni-
versitatis alumnam egregiam, Sydneianae autem familiarem, de
utraque optime meritam, quae coram vota nostra sollennia
Dabamus Londini, die XXV. mensis Junii, A.S.,
Abchibaldus Comes de Boseberv,
Edwabdus Henricus Busk,
Praeses Graduatorum Convoeatorum.
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON.
Univeesitati Sydneiensi Collegium Londinense
Universitati Affine _ „
Litteris vestris humanissiinis in communionem laetitiae
vocati, qua natalem Universitatis Sydueiensis quinquagensi-
mum celebraturi estis, etei quominua animo obeequamur et
ex nostro numero aliquem ad vos mittamus obstiterunt tanta
itinerum interjecta spatia, tamen invenimus quomodo Horar
t-iauum illud, nequiquam terras Oceano dissociabili abscissas
esse, novo comprobemus exemplo. Nam civem vestrum, alum-
num nostrum, Angelum Money, M.D., B.S. virum in medica
arte sollertissimum rogavimus ut Londinensis Londinensium
legatus esse velit, quinquaginta annos cum maxima doctrinae
laude feliciter peractos Sydneiensis Sydneiensibus gratuletur.
Iluno igitur testem habetote academias tanto locorum inter-
vallo divisas animo tamen ac mente conjunctissimas esse et
artissimo communium studionim vinculo cohaerere.
Scriptum Londini, die XX. mensis Junii, anni MDCCCCII.
CONGKATITLATORY ADDRESSES. 145
OWEN'S COLLEGE, MANCHESTER.
Universitati Sydneyensi Collegium Owense Apdd
Qui nostras ferias iubilaeas rmper celebravimua, vobis ves-
tra^ jajniam celebraturis laeti gratulamur. Separati enim
iniquis spatiis maris nihilominus vinculo conununis doctrinae
communis patriae amore coniuncti sumus nee obliviscimur
unum ex nostris alumnis Georgium Amoldium Wood, virum
doctum, consiliorum senatus vestri participem esse. Et nobis
banc uj'bem habitantibus caligini fere perpetuae obnoxiam
nimium beati videmini. daritate enim aeris agronim amoeni-
tate magnificen/tia portus et aedificiorum urbs vestra Athenae
AustraJes rite vocari potest. Nee vero^ illam Atticam humajii-
tatem abesse sinitis, qui novam gentem ad pacem et bellum
pariteo- aptam Minervae quoque artium studio imbuitis. Cur
autem referamus (id quod omnibus niotum est) quantum scientia
cbemica quantum geol'ogica a viris clarissimis apud voa
colatur. Et in novo orbi terrarum antiquitatem vos
baud quaquam spemere ilia Aegyptia vestra testificantur.
Itaque ut per hos quinquginta annos arx et propugnaculum
verae culturae Universitas vestra exstitit sic precamur ut per-
multa saecula ignorantiam et illiberalitam dissipet, doctrinam
augeat, virtutem foveat. Valete.
Datum Mancunii. VI. Id Jul., A.S., MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.
Universitati Sydneiensi Cancellarius Magistri et
SCHOLARES UnIVBRSITATIS OxONIENSIS
Gratulamur vobis, viri doctissimi, annum quinquag-
esimum a prima fundatione vestra celebraturis ; nee
quidquam nobis iucundius esse potest quam laetitiae
vestrae partem capessere, et fausta omnia vobis
augurari. Nob quidem Oxonienses quibus originem antiquis-
simam et insignium alumnorum seriem perpeituam iactare
semper cordi est gratulationes vobis animo propensissimo prae-
tendimus, Academiae vestrae tempestivam maturitatem atque
vigorem iuvenilem. tdtro admirati ; quibus speramus fore ut
nullus non dies incrementum optabile afferat. Quodsi vos
ipsi (ut est confitendum) toto paene orbe a nobis sitds divisa,
sunt alia quaedam necessitudinis mutuae vincula, quae neque
regionum longinquitate neque oceeuio dissociabili dirimi pos-
sunit, inter quae habeatis licet studiorum communitatem et
doctrinae amorem sincerum. His tamen praecipue temporibus
arctiore quodam vinculo coloniis nostris adstringi videmur,
quibus placuerit in discrimine nostro fidem praestare officiosis-
simam, et vitas fortunasque pacisoi, dummodo Matri suae
Datum in dome nostra Convooationis die XVII. mensis
Junii, A.S. MDCCCCII.
THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE, LONDON.
To THE University of Sydney, N.S.W.
The Coimcil of the Royal College of Science, London,
offers to the University of Sydney, New South Wales, its
heartiest congratulations upon the occasion of the Celebration
of the fiftieth Anniversary of its foundation. The oldest of
the seats of learning in the Continent of Australia, the Uni-
versity of Sydney has for half a century worthily maintained
its character as a centre of teaching and of Scientific Research.
CONGRATITLATORT ADDRESSES. 147
The Oouncil of the Royal College of Science recalls witih plea-
sure the circumBtaiice that several of the Chairs of Science and
other responsible offices at Sydney are held by former Students
of its own School, and they trust that the University may
further develop with the growth of the Colony, so that its
teachers and graduates may continue by their original investi-
gations to add new lustre to Science.
John W. Judd,
April 29, 1902.
THE McGILL UNIVERSITY, MONTREAL.
Universitati Sydneiensi Univebsitas Macgilliana Mostte
Rbgio in Provincia Canadensi sita
Quas nuper ad nos, viri doctissimi, dedistis litteras laetds
animis accepimus, gratiasque vel maximas agimus quod, soUem-
nia celebraturi quae in eum diem indixistis qui Universitatis
vestrae nataiis erit quinquagesimus, noe quoque in partem
gaudii vestri vocare voluistis. Quamquam enim libuit vobis
patriam vestram toto paene ab orbe divisam esse praedicare,
nemo non scit quantopere apud voe, ut inter omnes qui Bri-
tannicum prae se ferunt nomen, vigeat hodie ilia voluntatum,
consiliorum, cogitationum consensio, quae vere videtur effecisse
ut longinqua maris atque viarum spatia non iam> disisociabilia
Quae cum ita sint, valde dolemus quod quaerentibus
praesto fuit nemo quern legatum aA vos eo consilio mitteremus
ut praesens nostram erga vos observantiam rite posset declarare.
Liceat tamen per has litteras vota pro salute Academia© vestrae
absentee nuncupare, et coetui vestro, feriisque anniversariis
148 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
quas in animo habetia celebrare, fausta omnia impense sum-
moque studio precari. Valete.
Scribendo adfuerunt —
GinLIELMUS C. Macdonald,
GuLiELMUs Peterson, LL.D.,
Johannes A. Nicholson,
Dabamus Monte Regie :
Mensis Maii Die Vicesimo nono A. S. MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO.
Cancellarids Vice-Cancellarius Pr\eses Senatus Uni-
VERSiTATis Torontonensis Universitati Stdneiensi
GRATULAMUR vobis, viri insignissimi, vos sollemnia
quinquagesimi anni Academiae vestra© feliciter peracti iam
celebrare. Nee nos fugit Universitatem vesta-am omniium
Universitatum, quae sunt sub polo australi, una excepta, vetus-
tissimam esse et propter artes litterasque feliciter excultas fam-
am vel inter Academias totius orbis terrarum praeclarissimani
peperisse. Haec forma reipublicae nostrae, hoo Dominium quod
aiunt Canadense, oritur ab ingenio laboribusque Joannis Alex-
andri Macdonald et Georgii Brown, optime de republica meri-
torum, quorum alter alumnus alter robur et firmamentum
Universitatis nostrae f uit : Apud vos vestrum alumnum, Ed-
mundum Barton, virum praestantissimum, novae Civitatia vesi-
trae fabricandae auctorem fuisse intellegimus. Itaque tarn
magnae rei, qua quidem Imperium Britannicum potassimum.
tenetur, nos interfuisse gloriari possumus. Quod ut Universitas
CONGEATtTLATORT ADDRESSES. 149
vetusta et Civitas nova crescant et floreant Deiim precamnr et
Datiun ex Aede Acad. . die IX. Augusti, MDCCCCII.
Quamquam, ut ipsi suspicati estis, non possumus legare qui
vobis quinquagensimi anni Academiae vestrae funditae dies
fesfcos agentibus praesens gratuletur, tamen per litteras saltern
licet gratulatione fungi, multosque in anaos laeta ominari. Nee
immemores sumus nos, orbe toto a vobis divisos, eandem ac vos
originem ultimam ducere, eadem studere, eadem lingua uti. Quo
impensius gaudio vestro gaudeates optamas ut et in praesentia
et postero tempore omnia votis vestris respondeant.
Guilielmus Raineius Harper,
Datum Ohicagine Non. Sept. Anno Salutis MDCCCCII.
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, BALTIMORE.
Universitas Hopkinsiensis Univebsitati Sydneiensi
HUMANISSIMAE litterae vestrae ad nog pervenerunt
quibus ntmtiatum est vos sollemnia L anni Universitatis Syd-
neiensis feliciter peracti rite celebraturos, quibusque nos vestro
cum gaudio consociare voluistis.
DolemuB, viri illustrissimi, quod iniquo spatio disclusi non
poterimus dies festos quos acturi estis eo quo par est honore
150 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
prosequi umim deligendo ex nostro ordine Acaxiemico qui
praesens vobis grafculetur ; absentes tamen precamur tarn vobia
quam universitati vestrae ut omnia prospera contingant.
Dabamus BaJtdmorae : A.D., XII. Kal. Jul., MCMII.
HARVARD UNIVERSITY, CAMBRIDGE, U.S.A.
Praeses Socii Inspectores Professoees Universitatis
Harvardianae ; Cancellario Professoeibus Docto-
RiBus Totique Universitati Sydneiensi.
Omnibus qui optumas artes colunt baud levis est probandi
causa cum liberalium studiorum et disciplinarum auctorea
amatoresque, rebus propriis inpraesentia omissis, ad ilium in
quo sint educati redeunt locum ut gratis animis dies anniveB-
aarios concelebrent. Neque externis tali tempore hospitio
acceptis desunt gaudia, ut qui communi vinculo studiorum
indigenis coniuncti nihil quod bis laetitiajn attulerit a se
ipsis alienum putent. Itaque recte ac merito vos, viri illus-
trissimi et doctissimi, quinquagesimo anno Academiae vestrae
feliciter peraoto' sollemnia celebraturi, fautores qui ubique sunt
bonarum a.rtium invitatis ut vobisoum muneribus laetitiaque
diei perfruantur. Utinam nos unum aliquem, id quod benigne
petitis, e numera nostro legare possemus qui feriis vestris in-
tersit; fortasse non vobis alienigena babendus esset quamvis
transmarinus-nam, ut scitis, minoris aquam aestimari oportet
quam sanguinem. Sed quod curis ad incipientem annum
aca/demicum pertinentibus illo tempore inpediemur, hoc quod
solum licet nunc facimus, ut his litteris quod quinquaginta per
annos fama atque felicitate cursum tenuistis valde vobis gra-
tulemur. Et precamur ut quam institistis viam nova per
saeoula prospers teneatis. Valete.
Dat. VIII. Id. Mai. a. MDCCCCII Cantabrigiae in Aula
Universitatis. Scribendo adfuit
Carolus Guil. Eliot,
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 151
COKNELL UNIVERSITY, ITHACA, U.S.A.
To THE University op Sydney, N.S.W.
Cornell University sends greetings and congratulations on
the completion of fifty years of honourable service rendered
by the University of Sydney to the World of Science and
Although the distance makes it impracticable to send a
delegate to attend the Celebration, Cornell University joins
in the rejoicings and extends cordial good wishes for the con-
tinued prosperity of the University of Sydney, and cherishes
the earnest hope that she may for generations to com© illumine
and ennoble the life of the great Commonwealth of Australia.
J. G. SCHURMAN,
E. B. MoGlLVARY,
Secretary of the Faculty.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA.
Universitas Minnbsotbnsis Univeesitati Sydneiensi
Universitati Sydneiensi soUemnia Academioa celebraturae
gratias agere plurimas volumus quod tarn benigne comiterque
Quamquam praesentes non poterimus adesse, participes
tamen gaudii vestri mente erimus.
Hae gratulationes per magnum spatium terrae marisque
adlatae declajrent, ita vinctos eos qui artibus liberaJibus stud-
eant ut nulla longinquitate dividi possint.
Die XVIII. Martii, MDCCCCII.
152 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI.
The President and Coxtncil of the University op Missouri
Congratulate the University of Sydney upon the
AUSPICIOUS occasion of its Jubilee.
We are forcibly impressed by the assertion of freedom of
learning along with freedom of politics, as shown by the almost
coeval existence of New South Wales and the University of
Sydney. When as many years shall have passed as there
are leagues between us, you and we might then, as now, praise
the wise foresight of the builders of the State and the builders
of the University in founding the political fabric on the Higher
education of its constituents : a course of action which charac-
terises us both, as branches of a common stock.
With regrets that we cannot be represented personally
at your Celebration, we extend our best wishes for the con-
tinued prosperity of your University.
R. H. Jesse,
Columbia, Missouri, June 4th, 1902.
THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Universitas Pennsylvaniensis Universitati Sydneiensi
Abhinc annis centum haec Universitas fere eundem habuit
locum in novis Americae civitatdbus quern in recentioribus
Australiae hodie habet Universitas Sydneia. Nam utriusque
fuit doctrinam disciplinamque Europaeam ad usus novarum
rerum publicarum accomodare. Itaque dum gratulamur Uni-
versitati Sydneiae de operis per quinquaginta annos tam feli-
citer redditis, precamur ut plurimis ex privato et publico ditata
domis prosperrime suum primum saeculum compleat et semper
sit ornamentum Novae Cambriae Meridianae praestantissimum.
Dabamus Philadelphiae, a.d. III. Kal. Jul : MCMII.
Carolus C. Harrison,
Jesse Y. Burk,
154 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
teriti literas tanto studio coluifc, ut in civitate hominuin doo-
torum jure meritoque jam dudum magnam obtineat gloriam.
Laeta spe erecti fore, ut amplissima universitas vestra
omni genera laudum etiam posthac floreafc, banc veram nostram
congratulationem ut benevole accipiatis, ex infcimo corde ro-
Senatus academicals Croafcicae universitatis Francisco-
Zagrabiae d. XV. m. Augusti a. MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BUDA PESTH.
Rector et Senatus Regiae Scientiarum Universitatis
HUNGAEICAE BuDAPESTINENSIS CaNCELLAEIO AC
Senatui Universitatis Sydneiensis
E litteris vestris ad nos perhumaniter datis baud cum
parvo gaudio legimus vos a.d. II Cal. Septembres insequenti-
busque quatiuor diebus anni cuirentis quinquagesimi anni cele-
berrimae Vestrae Academiae feliciter peracti sollemnia esse
celebraturos. Gratias Vobis agimus, Viri praestantissimi,
quod hoc nuntio nos quoqu© a-d banc festivitatem tarn benigne
Sed cum prae gravibus rerum conditioaiibus non per le^
gatos publico missos gratulationem nostram facere nobis con-
cessum sit, vebementer dolemus.
Lubentes ibaque Vobis congratulari decrevimus his litteris^
quibus, licet absentes, tamen caritlatem votaque tesitari velle-
muH. Quod roliquum ; Valeibe Nobisque Favere Pergite !
CONRRATULATOBY ADDBESSES. 155-
Budapestini, in Metropoli Hungariae efc qiiidem ex Nos-
trae Universitatis Aula a.d. IV. Non. Oct. anno MCMII-o.
Regiae Scient. Universitatis Hung. Rector,
Caeolus Ketly db Osurgo,
8.C. ac B. Ap. Maiestatis a Oonsil,
Ab Epistolis Antonixis Mabgitai,
Senatus Acad. Notarius.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CLAUSENBERG.
Rector et Senatus Univebsitatis Regiae
Rbctoei Magnifico Senatuique Inclito Universitatis
Cum Vobis, viri omatissiml, ac doctissiiini, toto paen©
orbe-ut dicitisHdivisis, primum ad nos litteras mandataque dare
libitum sit, attento Voe animo audire velimus, quanto studio
nostri vastis marium terrarumque spatiis seiuncti ab initio ad
patriam Vestram admirandum in modum crescentem iidultam-
que animum attenderint.
Paulus emm Bertalanffy, qui primus lingua Hungarica
geographiam scripsit, iam anno MDCCLVII addubitare ausus
est, num Hollandia Nova et Carpentaria pro partibus Asiae
essent kabendae; et post tertium iter Cookii anno
MDCCI/XXX Kalendis Januaxiis commentarii diumi Hun-
garici nostros monuerunt posthac non de quattuor, sed do quin-
que orbisi terrarum partibus esse dicendum. Attamen multi
etiam anno MDCOLXXXXIV bominem ineptum esse aiebant
Samuelem Decsy, qui de quinque terrae partibus narrar© est
ausus. Qui tamen anno post librum specialem etsi non com-
pletum et perfectum de Australia scripsit. Sed etiam anno
MDCCCXV Daniel Molnos cum Polynesiam describeret, de
amoenitatibus tantum regionum narravit deque ipsa Vestra.
156 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
urbe quinquagesimo demtim annO', ex quo exstitit, explicatio
singula consectans in lucem prodiit.
Cum autem post bellum nostrum pro libertate recuper-
anda ajiiio MDCCCXLIX tot cives de patria optime meriti
fuga vitam servare cogerentur, nonnulli, ut Bela Rochlitz,
Josephus Kempf, Petrus Battiiyany hospitioi patriae vestrae
libertatis amantis usi ibi manere decreverunt. Hi sunt sine
dubio primi Hungarorum, quibus ea, quae ipsi viderant, de
Australia scribere eontigit. Quae tamen pars orbis terrarum
anno demum MDCCCLXIV. ab excellenti viro, Joanne Hun-
fally, ratione ac doctrina est lingua Hungarica descripta. Nos
autem ab Universitate nostra anno MD'CCCLXXII condita
geograpbiam Australiae studiosis huius disciplinae accurate
Interea nostri etiam in rebus rusticis ad terram Vestram
animum attenderant. Schindlerus enim et Korizmicius iam
anno MDCCCL a^icolas nostros certationis de pretiis in Aus-
tralia constituendis admonebant; anno autem MDCCCLXIII
Bela Rochlitz res agriculturae industriaeque Hungaricae in urbe
Vestra exponere in animoi habebat. Et hodie non pauci nos-
trorum apud Vos vitam degunt et, quantum scimus, societas
etiam Hungarica apud Vos viget.
Etsi viri docti Hungariae solum ipsum Australiae nondum
ipsi exploraverunt, ex Neo-Guinea tamen Samuel Fenichel
postque eias mortem Ludovicus Biro multis et singularibus
naturae tbesauris museum nostrum publicum ditabant. Horti
autem nostri botanici summo decori est planta terrae vestrae,
quae de nomine Samuelis Brassai, polyhistoris celeberrimi,
"Brassia Endl" vocatur.
Itaque cum non solum litterarum, sed etiam rei publicae-
quas nos numquam seiungendas esse censemus, — rationibus
ad Vos ducamur, oratos esse Vos viri doctissimi, volumus, ut,
Vobis perstuadeatis, nos etsi propter locorum longinquitatem
in partem sollemnium vestrorum venire ipsi non possimus,
socios tamen sinceros esse gaudii vestri vobisque omnia laeta
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 157
Ergo Universitas csleberrima Patriae Vestrae primo die
saeculi XX consociatae communi utilitati artium litterarumque
totius orbis terrarum in omne tempus vivat, crescat, floreat !
Datum Caludiopoli (lingua vemacula : Kolozsvar) in
Himgaria, anno millesimo nongentesimo secundo a.d. XI. Kal.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CZERNOWITZ.
Bectop.i et Senatui Univeesitatis Sydneiensis Rector et
Senatus Universitatis Francisco-Josephinae
' Nil mortalibus ardui est'. Ecce, abi non ita pridem fero-
cissimae gentesi humanis carnibus vesoebanturj in ea orbis ter-
rarum parte, ubi vix unus et alter cuncta visendi explorandi-
que studio incensus iter facere audebat, non solum bumanita-
tem atque cultioris vitae usum regnare, sed etiam Musarum
templa erecta, litterarum sedes constitutas, omnes bonas artes
florentoe vigentesque videmus.
Britannorum natio nobilissima admirabili industria, in-
defesso labore in remotissimis illis regionibus bumani cultus
semina iecit, quorum iucundissima messe nunc fruitur. O
viri egregii et eruditionisi laude florentissimi, qui nunc quin-
quagesima universitatis vestrae anniversaria celebratis, in-
signi ilia Britannorum strenuitate pergite ut coepistis, atque
extremum terrarum marginem litterarum artiumque dulci et
sereno lumine replete.
Dabamus Czernoviciis Kal. Juliis MDCCCCII.
158 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
UNIVERSITY OF INNSBRUCK.
Der Universitaet Sydnei zu Ihrem Funfzigjaehrigen
Wenn auch durch den grossen Ocean geschieden, so doch
im Geiste vereint entsenden zu dem schoenen lubelfeste hoch-
erfreut die herzlichsten Gliickwiinsche.
Rector und Senat
der k.k. Leopold Franzens-Universitaet Innsbruck.
Innsbruck, 2 August, 1902.
THE UNIVERSITY OF LEMBERG.
Rector Senatusque Universitatis Litteraeum Leopoli-
tanae Universitati Sydneiensi
Quod nios ad aollemnia universitatis Vostrae, quinquage-
simo abhinc anno conditae, inde ,ab undecimo die mensis Sep-
tembris huius anui per quinque continues dies celebranda, in-
vitavistis, utque, qui Vobis praesens gratularetur, iinum e
sociis a Vobis bospitio excipiendum mitteremus, rogavistis, et
pergratum nobis fuisse scitote, et meritas Vobis referimus pro
amicis in nos animis gratias.
De socio ad Vos legaudo, ut suspicabamini, ita est ; diffi-
cultatibus perlongi molestique itineris depulsi sumus a consilio
Vobis in hac re obsequemdi.
Nihilominus tamen pro artissimis vinculis, quibus omnes
rei publicae litterariae cives contineri aequum est, Vobis me-
m'oriam initiorum Vostri studii generalis pie recolentibus per
featos illos dies animis certe aderimus votaque pro faustis
eiusdem increomentis suscipiemus. Ne autem baec nostra in
Vos studia pignoribus careant idoneis, una cum hisce litteris
libros Vobis, proximis annis communi sociorum universitatis
CONGEATtrLATOET ABDEESSE8. 169
nostrae opera atque impensa editos, mittimus bibliothecae
Valete et nos amate.
Dabamus Leopoli in Galicia Idib. Maiis a. MCMII.
h.t. Bector Magnificus.
h.t. Deeanus juris-polit.
h.i. Deeanus fac. phil.
h.t. Deeanus fac. Theologicae.
h.t. Deeanus fac. medicinae.
THE UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA.
Wien, am 13 Juni, 1902.
DIE WIENER UNIVERSITAT nimmt lebhaften
Anthiel an der Feier des 50 jahrigen Bestandes, welche
die Universitat in Sydney im September begeht und erlaubt
eich dnrch mich., als derzeitigen Rector, ibre aufrichtigsten
und berzlicbsten Gliickwiinsche fiir das Gedeihen und die
Fortentwickelung der Schwester-Universitat zu iibermitteln.
Der Beetor der K.K. Universitat,
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRUSSELS.
Bruxelles, le 10 avril, 1902.
A Monsieur H. N. McLaurin,
Cbancelier de I'Universite de Sydney
(Nouvell© Galles du Sud.)
Monsieur le Cbancelier,
L'Universite libre de Bruxelles a bien recu rinvitation
que vous avez eu Tobligeaiice de lui envoyer pour prendre part
160 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
a la celebration du cinquantieme anniversaire de la fondar
tion de votre Universite. Si, comme vous le dites, nous
sommes separes par presque toute I'epaiaseur du globe ter-
restre et s'il nous est par consequent difficile de vous envoyer
un de nos professours pour nous representer a vos fetes, il
n'en est pas moins vrai que la Science nous reunit dans une
commune admiration pour elle et que nous nous felicitons de
la prosperite de tous les etablissements d'enseignement supe-
rieur, comme nous nous felicitons de toute conquete dans le
domaine intellectuel et moral.
Veuillez agreer. Monsieur le Chancelier, avec les voeux
que je forme pour la renommee de votre Universite, Tassur-
ance de ma haute consideration.
J. Van Dbunen.
THE UNIVERSITY OF GHENT.
Gand, le 12 mai, 1902.
Monsieur le Chancelier.
Au nom du corps professoral de I'Universite de Gand,
j'ai I'honneur de vous accuser la reception de la lettre par
laquelle vous annoncez la celebration du cinquantieme anni-
versaire de votre Universite ; je regrette vivement que la
grande distance qui separe la Belgique de I'Australie empeche
absolument Tun de mes collegues de se rendre a. I'invitation
qu'il vous a plu de m'adresser. Toutefois je regarde comme
un devoir de vous presenter, a vous et a tousi les membres de
votre corps enseignant, mes plus vives et plus sinceres feli-
citations, a I'occasion de I'heureux evenement que vous vous
proposez de feter le 29 Septembre et les quatre jours suivants.
Veuillez agreer, je vous prie, Monsieur le Chancelier,
I'expressioin de mes sentiments de haute consideration.
G. Van Dee Mensbeugghe.
A Monsieur H. MacLaurin,
Chancelier de I'Universite de Sydney.
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 161
THE UNIVERSITY OF LIEGE.
Universitas IiEodiensis TJniversitati Sydneiensi
Quinquagesimum annum Academiae vestrae summo cum
honore peractum rite concelebraturis ex animi sententia vobis
gratulamur omniaque fausta exoptamus. Gratulataonis nos-
trae interpretem ad vos mittere in animo erat nisi impedi-
mento esset longissimum iter eo praesertim tempore quo
lectiones academical hie inituri sumus. Absentes igitur gaudii
vestri participes erimus et precamur ut per longajn annorum.
seriem doctrinae et scientiarum laude floreatis et novum. Uni-
versitati vestrae afferatur incrementum honoris et dignitatis.
Vivat floreatque semper Universitas Sydneiensis!
Senatus academici nomine :
THE UNIVEKSITY OF COPENHAGEN.
Universitas Hauniensis Universitati Sydneiensi
Gratissimis animis litteras vestras accepimus, quibus
nos certiores fecistis Academiam vestram ob quinguaginta
annos feliciter peractos sollemnia celebraturam esse, et nos
invitavistis ut aliquem ex coetu nostro mitteremus, qui prae-
sens vobis gratularetur. Vellemus equidem pro communium
studorium vinculis quibus scholae nostrae inter se coniuncta«
sunt, liceret nobis unum e nostris ad vos adlegare paj-ticipem
gaudii vestri et interpretem admirationis nostrae, quod Aca-
demia vestra in remotissima orbis parte sita, quo reoentissimis
demum saeculis cultura antiqua plane penetraverit, tam vivi-
do floruerit vigore tantaque gloria studia liberalia coluerit, ut
162 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
iam per decern lustra lux scientiae sub austral! quoque polo
laeto splendeat fulgore. Immenso tamen terrae marisque
spatio interiecto impediti quominus liberalissimae invitation!
vestrae obsequamur per litteras vobis benevolentissimis ani-
mis congratulamur votaque facimus ut in postenim quoque
Universitas Sydneiensis omnium bonarum scientiarum artium-
que gloria excellat.
Dabamus Hauniae, die XXX Junii, MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF AIX-MARSEILLES.
Univebsitas Aquensi-Massiliensis Sydneiensi Universitati
Libenti same animo litteras accepimus, quibus nos beni-
gnissime invitatis ad ea participanda sollemnia, quae anno
quinquagesimo vestrae recentioris qiuidem, sed jam pernotae
in terris, Academiae feliciter peracto, proximo mense Septem-
bri celebrare decrevistis. Sed cum, ut ipsi probe fatemimi,
toto paene orbe divisi sitis, nemini nostrum facultas erit vobis
praesenti oratione gratulandi.
Cujus necessitatis, quam quidem vehementer dolemus,
excusationem bona venia ut accipiatis rogamus, ac persuasum
habeatis noe, quianquam propter longinquiljatem absentes,
animo tamen praesentes futuros ac vestrum gaudium per in-
dicta sollemnia gavisuros.
Dabamus Aquis Sextiis, Kalendis Juniis anni
CONGRATXJXATORT ADDRESSES. 163
THE UNIVERSITY OF BESANCON.
Besangon, le 2 Juillet, 1902.
Monsieur le ChanceUer,
J'ai communique au Conseil de I'Universite de Besan-
con I'invitation que vous nous avez fait Thoniieur de noKB
adresser en vue de la celebration du Cinquantenaire de TUni-
versite de Sydney.
Cette assemblee me charge de vous exprimer ses vifs re-
grets de ne pouvoir y repondre en se faisant representer a voa
fetes et de vous exprimer ses voeux fratemels pour la pros-
perite de votre Universite.
Veuillez agreer. Monsieur le Cbancelier,
I'assurance de ma haute consideration.
President du Conseil de I'Universite
Monsieur le Chancelier de I'Universite de Sydney.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CAEN.
Universite de Caen.
Conseil de L'Universitie,
A Monsieur le Chancelier et a Messieurs les
Membres de I'Universite de Sydney.
Vous craignez que separes de vous " par le globe pres.-
que entier " nous ne puissions nous faire representer, le 12
Septembre prochain, aux fetes de votre cinquantenaire.
Si myoB aommes sepajres par la distance, nous sommes unis
par les sentiments de solidarite qui regnent entre toua lea
Corps savants :
Et patriam faciunt diversis gentibus unam.
Nous avons d'ailleurs la bonne fortune de compter, dans
votre voisinage presque immediat, un de nos amis les plus
chers, M. Le Goupils, ancien professeur de rhetorique au lycee
de Caen, qui vous remettra cette adresse, qui vous dira les
164 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
voeux que nous formons pour la prosperite de FUniversite do
Sydney, qui vous assurera de nos meilleurs sentiments de con-
fratenite scientifique et litteraire.
Veuillez croire, Monsieur le Chancelier, Messieurs, a
notre haute consideration.
Le President du Conseil de I'Universite de Caen,
L.B. E. Zevobt.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CLERMONT.
Senatus Academicus Universitatis August-
0NEMETENSI8 AmPLISSIMAE SyDNEIENSI
Vobis, doctissimi Viri, quinquagesimum Academiae
vestrae annum feliciter peractum gratulamur, quantaeque
nobis oblectationi fuerit profitemur epistula qua vos eupere
notum facitis Universitatem nostram gaudii vestri
participem fieri. Libentissime igibur ex coetu nostro aJiquem
adlegavissemus qui et vobis praesens grates ageret et nostrum
erga vos benevolum animum testificaretur, utjxjte qui persu-
asum habeamusi omnes qui liberalia in situdia incumbumt
scientiisque propagandis operam navant, etsi " toto paene
orbe divisos," arta inter se necessitudine coniungi.
Cum vero nostrum nemo sit, quod dolemus, qui mense
Septembri Sydneiae possit interesse et quae indixistis vobi*-
cum celebrare sollemnia, hasce ad vos litteras observantiae
nostrae pignus scribere placuit et omnia vobis in postenun
felicia faustaque exoptare.
Dabamus Augustonemeti a.d. II kal. Junias, 1902.
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 165
THE UNIVERSITY OF GEENOBLE.
Amplissimo Cancellario Senatuique Universitatis
Sydneiensis Rector Senatusqtje Universi-
Ab ilia vestra patria-Terram Incognitam atavi nostri
appellabant-nunc jucundae voces fratemaque verba nobis affer-
untur. Laetamur et nos, dum antiquam inter Universitates
orbis nostri necessitudinem beate apud recentiores Antipodum
vigere comperimus, dum liberalibus vos florere sfcudiis audi-
mus, suminoque gaudio eas accepimus litteras, quibusi, ut
natalem quasi diem una vobiscum oelebremus^ amice invita^
mur. Placuissot sane ad vos mitti praeoonem, qui gnatu-
latiooes sinceraque vota proximo Septembri mense def erret. Sed
"penitus toto divisos orbe "
longinqum iter sejungit, otia deficiunt, verbaque tantiim scri-
benda sunt quae majori gra<tia com minus audirentur.
Scitote vero proque certo habetote in diebus illis nos-
tram vobis nee memoriam neque amicitiam defore. Speraro
libet nonnullas inter nos colloquendi superfore occasiones,
qu^andoquidem, ceterarum in Gallia Universitatum, nostra
exterarum gentium clientelae maxime indulgens, plurimos inde
alumnos adscivit, qui Gallorum/ litteras ingeniumque ac mores
apud nos diHgentissime perdiscerenit. Ac nescimua an aliqu-
ando inter vestros quidam hospitio nostro fruantur; bos, si
qui adfuerint, velut pacem mutuam, caritatem fratemumque
inter nos amorem commjunicantes, credite, habebimus.
Sector Praeses Senatus,
Dabamus Gratianopoli Non. Maj. MCMII.
166 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF LILLE.
Lille, le 28 avril 1902.
Monsieur le Chancelier,
J'ai rhonneur de vous faire connaitre que j'ai communi-
que au Conseil de I'Universite de Lille, dans sa demiere
seance, la lettre par laquelle vous I'avez invite a prendre part
aux fetes que I'Universite de Sydney donnera le 29 Septembre
a I'occasion du 50e Anniversaire de sa fondation.
Le Conseil a eu le regret, en raison de la distance, de ne
pouvoir envoyer un representant a ces fetes. Mais je suis son
interprete en vous transmettant ses remerciements' et ses chal-
VeuUlez agreer. Monsieur le Chancelier,
I'assurance de ma haute consideration.
President du Conseil de I'Universite,
Chancelier de I'Universite de Sydney.
THE UNIVERSITY OP LYONS.
Le Conseil de I'Universite de Lyon,
a Monsieur le ChanceUer de I'Universite de Sydney.
Le Conseil de I'Universite de Lyon a pris connaissance
de la lettre par laquelle I'Universite de Sydney I'invite a se
faire represeruter aux fetes qu'elle organise pour celebrer le
cinquantieme anniversaire de sa fondation.
Le Oonseil adresse a I'Universite de Sydney ses plus vifs
remerciements pour une invitation dont I'Universite de Lyon
se sent tres honoreei. 11 ne sait pas encore si, malgre la dis-
tance, U lui sera possible d'envoyer une delegation aux solen-
nites qui se preparent. Mais il ne croit pas devoir attendre
plus longtemps pour adresser a I'Universite de Sydney, au
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 167
Bom de rUniversite de Lyon, I'expression de sa cordiale sym-
pathie et des voetix qu'il forme pour sa prosperite croissante.
Le President dv, Conseil de V Universite de Lyon,
Lyon, le 14 aviil, 1902.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTPELLIER.
Universitas Montipessulanensis Universitati Sydneiensi
Pergratum nobis est, Viri doctdssimi et clarissimi, quod,
cum sitis Academiae Vestrae anni quinquagesimi feliciter
peracti sollemnia magno virorum doctorum coetu propediem
celebraturi, nos quoque ut tam festos laetosque dies Vobis-
ciim ageremus rogavistis atque hospitio invitavistis. Quo
plerique nostrum libentissime uterentur, ut Universitatem
vestrajn votis omnibusque optimis coram prosequerentur, nisi
tam longe a Sydneia Mons Pessulanus abesset. Nunc, cum
animo tantum et voluntate simus gaudii vestri participes fu1>
uri, has tamen ad Vos litteras misimns, quibus Univers'itatem
nostram Vestrsie Universitati tamquajn sorori sororem natu
maiorem vitae partem longe gravissimam atque operosissimam
prospere transactam, artium bonarum studiis magnas utili-
tates praebitas, spem amplisimam propositam amice atque
sincere gratulari atque Universitati Vestrae Vobisque ipsis
bona nos omnia optare testificaremur.
Dabamus Monte Pessulano a.d. IIII non. Jun. a. MCMII.
Sector Academiae Montipessulanensis, Consilii Praeses,
Professores Universitatis in Consilium lecti,
E. RiGAL J. Gachon Bremond
A. Sabatier Forgue L. Courchet
S. Dadthevillk G. Massol Market
A. Delage T. Chakmont Truc
J. Castets a. Vigib
168 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS.
Paris, le 30 Juin., 1902.
Monsieur le Chancelier,
Ainsi que j'ai eu I'honneur de vaus le falre connaitre par
ma depeche du 2 juin courant, j'ai communique au Conseil
de FUniveiraite de Paris I'invitation qu'a bien voulu lui ad-
resser I'Universite de Sydney, pour la celebration du cinquan^
tieme anniversaire de sa fondation, qui aura lieu du 29 Sep-
tembre au 3 Octobre prochain.
J'ai le regret de vous informer que nos oours d'hiver
s'ouvrant en Octiobre, aucun professeur ne sera disponible pour
representer rUniversite de Paris a la solennite.
Mais, en son nom comme au mien, j'ai k coeur de vous
exprimer nos plus vives sympathies pour la prosperite da
I'Universite de Sydney, et nos voeux pour le developpment de
Veuillez agreer, Monsieur le Chancelier,
I'eissurance de ma haute consideration.
President du Conseil de I'Universite,
de I'Academie Francaise.
Monsieur le Chancelier de I'Universite de Sydney.
THE UNIVERSITY OF TOULOUSE.
Magnifico Universitatis Sydneiensis Cancellaeio
ET Amplissimo Ejus Peofessoextm Senatui
Rectoe et Concilium Universitatis Tolosanae
Litteras accepimus, Vir illustrissime omatissimique Con-
legae, quibus Universitas Sydneiensis quinquagesimum annum
instaurationis suae rite celebratura nos laetitiae suae parti-
cipes iustorumque sollemnium socios esse voluit. Quibus pub-
CONGEATULATOEY ADDEESSES. 169
lice perlectis, Universitatis nostras senatus hoc gratulation-
is suae necnon fratemae observantiae testimonium ad vos
lubenti animo remittendum iussit. Nee immerito, nam ciun
omnes eodem bonarum artium amore, eorumdem quoque
studiorum et disciplinarum communitate consociemur, illam
diem qua novum humanitatis lumen remotissimis orbis par-
tibua illuxit, inter festas et imprimis soUemnibus celebrandas
iure vereque reponendam censemus. Utinam Sydneiensis
Academia nova usque incrementa accipiat, ut tot illustrium
viroTum laboribus iura veritatis et scientiae ubique confirmen-
tur et humanae 'conjunctionis societas arctdoribus in dies vin-
culis contineatur !
Datum Tolosae in Universitatis aedibus,
A.D. III Id. Aprilis MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN.
Univeesitas Feideeica-Guilelma Beeolinensis Univee-
Permagno gaudio accepimus litteras Vestras, viri human-
issimi, quibus sollemnia quae instant Universitatis Vestrae
ante decern lustra conditae nobis indicare participesque eorum
nos fieri voluistis. Nos enim sic sentimus, nullum esse fortius
ac sanctius vinculum, quo cultae orbis terrarum nationes inter
se contineantur, quam studium litterarum et amorem scientiae
nam si ipsa scientia potestas est, ut olim Bacon Vester veris-
sime edixit, iru nullam rem maiorem ilia vim exercet quam in
mentes hominum communi veri pulchrique ardor© inflam-
mandas et animos quamvis toto orbe divisos investigandi
170 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
studio et commeandi cupidine copulandos. Immo' Vos, col-
legae ornatissimi, qui maximo spatiorum intervallo a nobis
distatis, praecipuo nos fratemitatis amore complectimur, quia
Hon sine admiratione videmusi in ea orbis terrarum parte, ubi
nuper homines feri ac paene besfciarum ritu degentee vaga^
bantur, colonorum Vestrorum indefesso labors cultissimum
omnium rerum florem et frequentissimum cum reliquis nation-
ibus commercium enituisse. Vestro autem ipsorum studio
factum est, ut ubi voces olim vix humanae audiebantur, ibi
nunc humanitatis et scientiae amplissima auditoria aperta
Quam ob rem per huius diei soUemnem opportunitatem
Universitati Sydneiensi fructus egregios per quinquaginta an-
nos oollecfcos ex animi sententia congratulamur, et cum prop-
ter itineris longitudinem neminem invenerimus, qui viva voce
quid sentiremus expromeret, hunc ad Vos nuntium mittimus,
candidissimiun animd nostri interpretem votorumque in fut-
ura tempora laetissimorum nuacupatorem.
Dabamus Berolini D. VIII. M. Augusti MCMII.
Sector et Senatus,
Kekule de Stradonitz.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BONN.
Biheinische Fried'rich- Wilhelms-Universitat.
Bonn, den 3 Juli, 1902.
In Namen und im Auftrage des akademischen Senates
der Koniglich Preussischen Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-
Universitat habe ich die Ehre der Universitat Sydney zur
Feier Ihres funfundzwanzigjahrigen Bestehens die herzlich-
sten Gliick-und Segenswiinsche auszusprechen. Moge dieselbe
weiterhin und in alle Zukunft als ein Trager der geistigen
Kultur bliihen und gedeihen !
Der Zeitige Bektor,
CONGRATTTLATOEY ADDEESSES. 171
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRESLAU.
Universitas Veatislaviensis Univeesitati Sydneiensi
Maior profecto est locorum distantia quam ut unum e
coetu nostro legare possimus qui vobis sacra semisaecularia
vestrae universitatis celebrantibus nostro nomine praesens
gratuletur : verum sincerissimis atque auspicafcissimis votis hcuec
nos soUemnia prosequi omnieique fausta precari exoptantes ut
universitas vestra per alteram saeculi partem laetiora m dies
incrementa capiat his litteris testari voluimus.
die XXIX mensis Julii anni MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF ERLANGEN.
Akademischer Senat der K. Feiedeich-Alexanders-
Erlangen, von 21 April, 1902.
Hiedurch gestatten wir uns der Universitat Sydney un-
seren verbindlichsten Dank fiir die giitige Einladung zum 50
jahrigen Jubelfeste dieser Universitrat auszudrucken.
Wenn. wir auch nicht in der Lage sind, einen Vertreter
unserer Universitat zu diesen Feste zu entsenden, so wollen
wir doch auch. nicht versaiunen mit unserem Danke zugleioh
die herzliohsten und warmsten Gliicliwunsche fur das weitere
Bliiheni und Gedeiben der Universitat Sydney zu verbinden.
der Koniglichen Universifai,
An die Universitat Sydney, New South Wales,
THE UNIVERSITY OF FREIBURG.
dieXIIIM. August a., 1902.
Universitas Friburgensis Brisigavorum Universitati
Quinquagesimum annum Academiae Vestrae feliciter esse
peractum laetissimo accepimus animo. Regio nostra et Ves-
tra quum sint longinquitate et diversitate distentae, aegro
animo ferimus neminem nostrum praesentem Vobis gratula^
turum esse j lubentissimo animo atque observantia qua pjir est
litteras gratulatorias Universitati Sydneiensi misimus eandem-
que praesentem gloriam futura prosperitate esse superaturam
sincera fide et velimus et optamus.
Ex auctoritate Senatus Academici,
Dr. Godofredus Hoberg,
St. Theol-prof. et h.t. Pro-Bector.
THE UNIVERSITY OP GIESSEN.
Den Leitern und Lehrem der Hoohschule,
Entbieten Rector und Senat der Universitat Giessen zu
der Feier des 50-jahrigen Bestehens der Universitat Sydney
aufrichtige Gliickwiinscbe. Getrennt durcb das Weltmeer
fiihlen sich doch die Hochschulen der alten "Welt eins mit
denen der neuen als Pflegestatten der Forschung nach der
Wahrheit. Sidere mutato mens eadem als Hiiterin und
Mebrerin der Geistesschatze der Menschheit moge die Hoch-
schule Sydney auoh weiterhin bliihen, wachsen und gedeihen.
7m Auftrag ;
Der derzeitige Sector,
De. a. Hansen.
Giessen, 6 August, 1902.
CONGKATULATORT ADDRESSES. 173
THE UNIVERSITY OF GOTTINGEN.
Quae in ultimis mundi finibus audaci et pmdenti consilio
oondita terris novis atque intactis
semina humanitatis scientiaeque
indefesso labore felici fructu intulit coluit auxit
almis matribus veteris miindi caelo opposita studiis proxima
DECEM LUSTRA FELICITER PERACTA
Prorector et Senatus
Dabamus die VII. mensis Mai MCMII.
Dr. G. Roethe.
THE UNIVERSITY OF HEIDELBERG.
Univeksitas Litterarum Ruperto-Carola Univehsitati
Litteris vestris comiter invitati ufc l^atum ad vos mit-
teremus eximiae sollemnitatis testem quam sub finem mensis
Septembris celebratiuri estis, laeti lubentes huic invitationi
obtemperaremus nasi iter longinquum desiderio nostro ex-
Nam instituta promovendis litteris dicata mutua neces-
situdine contineri, quae neque locorum distantia neque nat-
ionum diversitate impediatur, nos cum maxime persuasum
habemus quippe qui ipsi ex longo tempore extemorum quo-
que hominnim concursu insigniter augeri vim gratiamque Uni-
Tersitatis nostrae sentiamus.
Summopere vero suspicimus eorum virorum sapientiam
qui ante bos quinquaginta annos intellexerint in urbe vestra
amoenissima, quae iam diu Australiae emporium ditissimmn
et quaestuosissimum fuerit ac tarn navium ex jwrtu educt-
arum sinusque petentium frequentia quam fabricarum offiici-
174 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
narumque omnigemim multitudine flonierit floreatque, non
deesse debere musarmn sedem ac domicilium siudiis litteris-
que ornandis illustrandis destinatum.
Ac vitae non soholae discendum docendumque esse cum
vos commonefaciant ipsae illae urbis civitatisque vestrae rati-
ones turn vestra academia vel aedificio pulcro et magnifico
splendidissima tanquam arx constitnta est et prapugnaculum
repellendae barbarae illiberalitati sordidae cupiditati indua-
Quo miuieire ut iam per decern lustrorum contdnuitatem
cum magno non modo discentium verum etiam civium omnium
commodo nee sine communi cultioris Drbi3 terrarum plausu
functuros esse speramus in eamque spem vota pientissima ex
animi sententia nuncupamus.
Valete nobisque favere pergite.
Dabamus Heidelbergae D. XX M. lunii A. MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF JENA.
Inclutae Univeesitati Sydneiensi Universitas Ienensis
Perbenigne fecistis, collegae ornatissimi, quod ad sollem-
nia quinquagesimi anni academiae Vestrae feliciter peracti,
quae in diem undetricesimum mensis Septcmbris et insequen-
tes quattor dies indixistis, nos invitari voluistia gratesque
vobis maximas lubentes agimus. Ut enim nee spatiorum
distantia nee patriae diversitas litterarum commercium im-
pedire possunti aut poterunt, ita nos nee terrarum nee marium
intervalla quominus gaudii vestri pjtrticipes simus prohibe-
Quoniam autem legatum ut mitteremus fieri non potuisse
dolemus banc vobis epistulam mittendam censuimus, qua vos
certiorea redderemus, nos ipsis diebus quos festivos babebitis,
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 175
vestri memores fore et faustissima quaeque exoptatiiros Ves-
trae Universitati, quae ut etiam postero tempore finmim
atque certum litterariun studiorumque propugnaculiun sit
omni qua par est observantia vota facimus. Quod bonum
faustum fortunatumque sit.
Dabamus lenae die IV mensis Augusti a MDCCCCII.
Georgius Goetz, phil. doct.,
THE UNIVERSITY OF KIEL.
Universitati Sydneiensi Christiana-Albertina Univer-
Belatae sunt ad nos, viri illustrissimi, litterae, quibus vos
academiae vestrae decern lustra feliciter peracta celebraturos
ease indicastis. Atque ut gratissimum nobis fuit, quod nos
in laetitiae vestrae communionem venire voluistis, ita valde
dolemus ma^;nis locorum intervallis nos impediri quominus
mittamus, qui praesens nostri gaudii testis sit. Facere autem
non possumus quin ex animi sententia gratias vobis quae
debentur agamus, eongratulemur, quod studiose prospereque
in ilia orbis parte humanarum artium et litterajrum ingen-
uarum semina sparsistis, profiteamur nos piis votis faustisque
ominibus laetissimum sollemnium diem prosecuturos esse.
Etenim occulta quaedam in litleris vis inest, quae omnes acade-
mias sancto quodam cognationis caritatis verae libertatis
vinculo continet atque coniungit, sive turbidum seiungit mare
sive invii montes distinent sive linguarum diversitas separat.
Salutem igitur vobis dicentes plurimam sincero animo
VIVAT, FLOKEAT, CRESCAT ALMA MATER
Datum calendis luniis MDCCCCII.
176 UNIVKRSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF LEIPZIG.
Univehsitatis Lipsiensis Rector et Senatus Universitatis
Sydneiensis Cancellaeio et Professokibus
Instant dies festi, quibus Universitatis Vestrae semi-
saeculaxia prima rite celebraturi estis. Quorum in societatem.
cum etiam nos venire volueritis, illud quidem vel per locorum
longinquitatem fieri non potuit, ut nostro ex numero aliquem
ad Vos delegaj:emus, sed has certe litteras ad Vos dedimus,
quibus decern prima lustea academiae tarn feliciter quam
laudabiliter peracta Vobis pie congratularemur. Breve
quidem id videri potest temporis spatiiun, si cum Europaearum
universitatum vetustate comparatur, velut nostrae, quae quin-
gentos propediem annos espletura est, sed satis est amplum,
si ex rerum Australicaxum iuvent/ufce metimur. Eae vero
quanto laetiora cito incrementa ceperunt tanto graviora Vobis
sicut ceteris Australiae academiis imposita esse officia tan-
toque plus Vestra studia ad communem humanitatds cultum
valere grati agnoscimus. Itaque habemus profecto cur mem-
oriam quinquagenariam universitatis Vestrae faustis ominibus
fundatae ex animo Vobis gratulemur et pro perenni eius flore
pia vo'ta nuncupemus.
Dabamus Lipsiae die XX mensis Julii anno MDCCCCII.
Dr. Eduaedus Sievers,
h.i. Universitatis BeetoT.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH.
Rector et Senatus Universitatis Ludovico-Maximilianeae ;
Cancellaeio, Vicecancellaeio, Registeario Uni-
Ex litteris Vestris, quibus sollemnia quinquagesimi anni
Academiae Vestrae feliciter peracti mense Septembri celebra-
tum iri annuntiavistis, nos quoque ad illam sollemnitatem
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 177
benigne a Vobis invitari grate animo oognovimus. Sed quam-
quam neque Oceammi dissociabilem neque itineria longinqui-
tatem pertimescimus, tamen propter temporis angustias mun-
erisque rationes dolemus ntDs non habere, quern ad Vos dele-
gemus, ut laetus laetitiae Vestrae testis sit. Quapropter et
nunc ex aaiimi sententia gratulamur, quod Academiae Vestrae
studia intra dimidiatum saeculum laetissima ceperunt incre-
menta, et ubi aderunt dies festi, faustis eos ominibus prose-
Monachii a. d. VII. Kal. Augustas MDCCCCII.
LuDovicus JosEPHUs Bkentano,
THE UNIVERSISTY OF MARBURG.
Quod Bonum Felix Faustumque Sit
Inlusteissimae Universitati Litteraeum Sidneiensi
Quae Jam in Huius Globi Oebe Austeali Remotissimoque Oon-
tinenti Rerum Humanaeum Naturaliumque Docta Studia
Quae in Paeva Geaecia Antiqua Originem Ceperunt
AcQuiEERE Disseminare Peopagare
Ingenuo Impetu Nec Sine Laeto Fructu Suscepit
Demonsteans Scientia in Unum Coniungi Quos Locus
SoEOEi Iam Adulta Aetate
A SoEOEiBus Cum Plausu Bonisque Ominibus Exceptae
Dies Festissimos Mensis Septembris Anni mcmii
Quibus Ante Haec Decem Lustra Condita Est Ex Animi
UnIVERSITATIS MaEPUEGENSIS rector cum 8ENATU.
G. A. JULICHER,
178 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF ROSTOCK.
Rostock, den 5 Juni, 1902.
Der Hoohgeschatzten Universitat, Sydney,
Danken wir verbindlichst fiir die freundliche Einladung
zum Jubelfeste des 50. jahrigen Bestehens der Universitat.
Wir sind leider nicht in der Lage einen Vertreter zu
entsenden, gedenken aber der Universitat Sydney mit den
besten Wiinsohen fiir ihr femeres Gedeihen.
Rector und Conciliuvi der Landes- Univemitdt, Rostock,
An die hochgeschatzte Univeraitat, Sydney (Australien).
THE UNIVERSITY OF TUBINGEN.
Almae Universitati Sydneiensi Universitatis Tubingensis
Rector Cancellarius Senatus.
Adlatae sunt nobis Vestrae litterae, quibus nos human-
issime invitastis, ut sollemnia quinquagesimi anni ab a£ad&-
mia Vestra feliciter peracti Vobiscum mense h. a. Septembri
concelebremus. Aegre ferimus, quod propter maxima locorom
intervalla nobis non licet praesentibus festo Uli laetissimo
adesse. Sed ex animi sententia f elices illos dies Vobis gratu-
lamur optantes ut Vestra Universitas, nunc semisaeculaxis,
multa per saecula vivat floreat crescat. Valete.
Tubingae die XXII. mensis Julii anni MDCCCCII.
Dr. Julius Grill,
THE UNIVERSITY OF WURZBURG.
Rector et Senatus Universitatis Wirceburgensis Uni-
versitatis Sydnbiensis Curatoribus
Ex litteris quas ad nos dedistis perhumajiis cognovimus
Academiam vestram quinquaginta annos feliciter exactos
CONGEATITLATOBy ADDBESSES. 179
undetricesimo die mensis Septembris et diebus insequentibus
soUemni modo celebrabiiram esse. Quod nos quoque invit-
astis, viri amplissimi, ut e collegio nostro unum mitteremiis,
qui haec sollemuia vobiscum perageret, summa nos laetitia
affecitj nam inde videre licet, qucim arte inter se connexae
sint onLues Academiae communi litterartim cultu atque amore.
Et sane perlubenti animo invitationi vestrae obsequeremur,
nisi vos, ut ipsi in litteris vestiris dixistis, toto paene orbe
divisi essetis. Quod cum ita sit, nostrum esse duximus hisce
litteris vcbis, viri omatissimi, ex animo gratulari quod Acade-
mia vestra dimidiatum saeculum tanta cum laude exegit
simulque vota nuncupare, ut Universitas Sydneiensis illustris
in terra vestra semper maneat humanitatis, quae ex litteris
graecis latinisque hausta nobis vobiscum communis est, dux
tarn egregia quam quae maxime atque doctrinae subtilis
magistra quam diligentissima. Valete.
Wirceburgi die 15 mensis Augusti MDCCCCII.
'Ev 'A^TJl/atS /iTJVt AvyOV'STO) TOV
(Tiorrjpiov CTOVS airS .
H nPYTANEIA TOY EGNIKOY
kv SuSveiwT^s ArcTTjoaXtas navc;rtST7//ii<i)
Haw av ev(j)po(rvviiK rrf (f>iX64>povi v/jimv irpoa-KX-qa-ei. vTrriKova-ap.€v,
el rifuv k^riv els Av(TTpaXiav aTroa-ToXov rjfiirepov eKirep,Treiv, dXX ov
yap e^ea-Ti, 8ia to eivat pAXuna ■qp.as, (is 6p9m XeycTe, oXia a-x^Shv^
Koa-p-if Siypripevovs a<^ ' vpMV Kai diroKexiopurp^vovs. "Odev ry
180 UNIVERSITY JUBILEK.
dvdyKji TTitdofievoi TOiaS^ tois ^tXois ypafifMuri crvy^aipofi^v vfiiv
ewl ry dyofiivg TTtvrrjKOVTaeTrjpLSi Kai dirh fj,ecrr]^ KapSias ' aSe\(j)iKb)S
evxojJ-eOa ev Ty T^s iiruTTrfp.T^'s o8(}) alkv vfxas dpuTTeveiv.
Mtya }(at/oeT£, Gebs 8 ' vp,Lv irdvT ' oX^ta Sotrj.
ToC 'Ad-qvrjcn TlaviTruTTTjp.iOV
2. K. ^aKeXXapoTTOvXoi.
THE UNIVERSITY OF GRONINGEN.
Universitatis Groningana Universitati Sydneiensi
Humanissime a vobis invitati, ut gaudii vestri ob quin-
quagesimimi Academiae vestrae natalem proximo autumno
Eostro, vestro autem vere futuri per legatum aliquem partdci-
pes essemus tamen hujus oflB.cii nrnnus alicui e nostro numero
injungere .non poituimus. Causa in promptu est, quam ipsi
paene antipodes antipodibus scripsistis. Nihilominus, quam-
vis terrarum mariumque immenso spatio sejuncti, scientiae
disciplinarumque toto orbe studiosorum intimam conjunc-
tionem probantes atque testantes, hisce litteris gratulatoriis
favoris benevolentiaeque signum edendum votaque pro salute
vestra f acienda decrevimus. Crescite et multiplicamini !
Ex Senabus amplissimi decreto.
A. G. Van Hamel,
h.t. pro Beetore Magnifieo.
J. 8. Speyer,
Groningae a.d. XIX. Kalendas Sextiles anni MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF LEYDEN.
Universitas Lugduno-Batava Universitati Sydneiensi
Quod nos, ut Vobiscum Decimum a Vestra Universitate
exEictum lustrum celebremus invitatis, bumanitatem Vestram
CONGRATULATORY ADBRESSES. 181
Verum enimvero immensum illud itineris spatium, quod
Voa ab hisce separat regionibus, quominus invitatione ilia u-
tamur obstare Vos ipos intelligere iam significastis.
Quid ergo attinet alias, non minus graves, hie afferre cau-
sas, quae nos ab hoc retineant consiHo? Cum praesertim res
Ipsa argumentum nobis suppeditet, de quo ad Vos scriber©
multo nos iuvet magis.
Gratulamur enim vobis laetum ilium diem, quern iamiam
votis ominibusque estis prosecuturi, et ut crescat fl'oreatque
TJniversitas Vestra ex animi sententia precamur. Nam vix
quidquam est efficacius ad populos, tam antiques quam recen-
tes, ad illud attoUendos fastigium, ubi quibus inter se rebus
dirimantur obliti, commune quoddam esse quo iungantur vin-
culum penitus sentiant, quam ille disciplinarum cultus vere
liberalis, qui nuUam despici gentem, nullam iustc magis sus-
pici patitur, sed, quoniam ea exigit quae perfici et ad finem
perduci nunquam possint, cunctos infirmitatis admoneat hu-
mancie, et sic ad fratemum quendam oompellat amorem.
Talia nectere vincula utinam et Vestra pergat TJniversitas,
quibus etiam remotissimae inter se iungantur orae !
W. Van Der Vlugt,
H. Van Der Hoeven,
Dabamus Lugduni Batavorum.
Ante diem V.m Idus Maias MOMII.
THE UlSTIVERSITY OF UTRECHT.
Univeesitati Sydneiensi Salutem Digit Quam Plurimam
TJniversitas Sydneiensis tametsi nondum est quinqua-
genaria maior tamen per breve quod floruit temporis spatium
tam egregie merita est de variis disciplinis ut omnium erudi-
torum digna sit laude et admiratione.
182 UNIVEHSITY JUBILEE.
Quocirca licet itineris longitude ae molestia nos prae.
pediant quominus ad Vos toto paene orbe divisos mittamus
aliquem nostrum nolite tamen dnbitare quin sollemnibus quae
mox decern lustra feliciter peracta celebratis amimis nostris si-
mus interfuturi vota nuncupaturi pro perenni Academiae
Vestrae flore atque gloria.
A. A. W. HUBEECHT,
Senatus ab actis.
Datum Ultraiecti mensis .Tunii die XXIV anni MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CATANIA.
Eectoei et Senatui Univeesitatis Sydneiensis Rector et
Senatus Univehsitatis Catinensis S. DD.
Quamquam prae magna locorum longinqiiitate vix quem-
quam e nostris potuimus adlegare, qui vobis praesens gratu-
letur, tamon sollemnibus vestrae Academiae rite habendis
iucunda quadam animorum consensione adfuturi siunus.
Veri enim pervestigatio ad quam a totius orbis terrarum
partibus omnibus viribus nitimur, efficit ut omnes, qui nos
doctrinae studiis tradidimus, artissimo quodam necessitudinis
vinculo teneamur. Vos igitur, qui festos dies anniverarios
Sodalitatis vestrae sollemniter acturi estis, fausta vota quae
a nostra pervetusto studiorum propugnaculo ad vos mittun-
tur, benigno animo accipiatis. Valete.
Id. Jun. MDOCCCTI.
CONGRATULATORY ADDBESSES. 183
THE UNIVERSITY OP FLORENCE-
Inclitae TJniversitati Sydneiensi Athenaesus
Non sine magno gaudio accepimus, Vos exetmte mense
Septembri quinquagesimi anni feliciter peracti sollemnia cele-
braturos esse. In conmmnione enim studiorum, quod est arc-
tissimum inter homines caritatis vinculum, quidnam maiorem
laetitam adferr© potest, quam coetum aliquem doctorum vir-
orum ob res bene gestas in scientiarum certamine merito' ex-
ultantem videre? Praesertim quum de Vobis agatur, qui,
quamquam toto paene orbe divisi estis, et non ita multis ab-
hinc annis in campum et pulverem descendistis, tamen vir-
tute Vestra non parvam gloriae segetem iam colligere vaJuis^
Etsi igitur longinquitas loci impedimento est quominus
legationem istuc mittamus, illud intelligi voltunus, nos vehe-
menter gratulari Vobis sollemnia quinquagenaria, et nomine
buius Urbis, unde lumen quoddam doctrinarum et artium
Tere dicitur toti orbi affulsisse, Vos salutare, denique omnibus
expetere votis ut aaridente Fortuna, res Vestrae in dies auc-
tiores et gloriosiores efficiantur.
die XXIX April MCMII.
Praeses S. Athenaei,
THE UNIVERSITY OF PARMA.
Univebsitati Stdneibjtsi Quinqdagesimum Annum Felicitbe
Peractum Rite Celebbanti Univebsitas
Cum iis omnibus, qui ubicumque terrarum Uteris scien-
tiisque student eadem mens sit, uti optime vestro in stem-
mate legitur; volumus vos certiores fieri, et nos gaudii vestri
184 UNIVEKSITT JUBILEE.
in primis parfcicipes esse, et quamquam sollemnibus insignis
Aoademiae vestrae propediem celebrandis praesentes interesse
non possumus vobis tamen omnia bona, fausta, felicia fortu-
nataque nunc et in omne aevum precari.
in Kal. Jul. MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF PISA.
Universitati Sydneiensi Pisana Univeesitab
Magno cum gaudio accepimus, propediem vos sollemnia.
quinquagesimi anni vestrae Academiae rite celebraturos esse.
Quod nos certiores fecistis, si quern e coetu nostro istuc-
adlegavissemus, Vos eum libenter bospitio accepturos esse,
gratias maximas agimua Vobis. Cfum vero id multis de causia
fieri nequeat, absentes faustis ominibus Vobis gratulamur.
Dabajuus Pisis Nonis Juniis anni MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF ROME-
Regia Univehsita Degli Studi di Roma.
Roma, addi 7 Juglio, 1902.
Particolarmente gradito ci tomo I'invito di assistere all©
fesfce commemorative del cinquantenario dalla fondazione di
codesta illustre Universita che, sebbene tra le piu giovani delle
consorelle, ba gia portato un contributo tanto importante ed.
efficace al progresso della Scienza.
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 185
La grande distanza che ne separa da voi, non ne pennette
di farci rappresentare nella solenne occasione da mio speciale
delegate; con tutto ci6 non vogliamo che manchi da parte
nostra un saluto caldo ed affettuoso congiunto cogli auguri di
un avvenire glorioso quale la storia de' primi cinquant' anni
di vostra vita ci autorizza a formare.
THE UNIVERSITY OF KYOTO.
Kyoto, Japan, July 21st, 1902.
Hiroji Kinoshita, President of the Kyoto Imperial University,
has the honooir to acknowledge receipt of the invitation of the
Honourable H. N. MacLaurin, Chancellor of Sydney Univer-
sity, to attend the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of that
institution and deeply regrets that it is not practicable for
the Kyoto Imperial University to be represented officially on
that occasion. He begs that the Honourable Chancellor will
extend to the entire Corporation the assurances of the hearty
congratulations of himself and his associates.
Kyoto Imperial University,
THE UNIVERSITY OF CHRISTIANIA.
Christianiae in Nobvegia
Litteras Vestras, quibus indicastis, semisaecularia sollem-
nia Academiae Vestrae diebus 21-25 Septembris esse celebran-
da laeto animo accepimus.
186 UNIVERSITY JXJBILEK.
Nam qvamvis ab vestro orbe patria nostra per vasta atque
immensa maris et viarum intervalla separetur, tamen omnes
academiae, quae liberalibus artibus exoolendis promovendis-
que operam navant, amore quodam sororio semper cohaereut
firmisque inter se vinculis continentur, ut vobis prospera
incrementa bonosque successus nos etiam merito con-
gratulemur, pia ex animi sententia vota nunctipantes ut Ves-
trae Universitati semper benedicat Deus Optimus Maximus.
Benevolentiam humanitatemque vestram, viri praestan-
tissimi, qui uni e societate nostra inter sollemnia boepitium
praestare voluistis, grati agnoscimus.
Pergratum sane nobis fuiaset, si oollegam quempiam ad noe
ablegare potuissemus, id quod tamen non licuit.
Dabamus Cbristianiae Kal. Aug. MCMII.
W. C. Bhoggee,
Senatus academici praeses,
Bee. fac. math.-phys.
S. MiCHELET, Axel Holst,
Dec. fac. theol. Dee. fac. med.
Fredbik Stang, Yngvar Nielsen.
Dee. fac. jur. Dec. fac. hist.-philos.
Che. Aug. Orland,
THE UNIVEESITY OF CRACOW.
Illustrissimae Universitati Sydneiensi
sacra natalicia semisaecularia sollemniter celebraturae
ex animi sententia congratulantur
Rector et Senatus Univbrsitatis Jagellonicae
toto quidem orbe divisi, communi tamen studiorum vinculo
arctissime coniuncti, festamque dierum seriem faustis ominibus
CONGEATULATORY ADDRESSES. 187
prosequentes vota nuncupant, ut Academia Vestra Dei Optimi
Maximi nutu peri)etua felicitate floreat, semper veritatis
facem praeferat, humanitatem strenue promoveat.
Dabamus Kal. Sept. MDCCCCII.
h.t. Bectoris Univ. v-g.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CHARCOV
IlLTJSTRISSIMAE TJniVERSITATI LlTTERARtTM SyDNEIENSI,
die XXIX mensis Septembris anni MCMII sollemnia
Cabsarea Universitas Charcoviensis
Certiores facti Universitatem Sydneiensem, quae ajite hoa
quinquaginta annos in extremo orbe terrarum constituta est,
sollemnia dimidii saeculi feliciter peracti nunc temporis cele-
braturam, ut aliquo modo participes gaudii Vestri simus lit-
teris praesentibus nunc faustum felicemque diem socialiter
Vobis gratulamur atque pie precamur, ut inclita Academia Ves-
tra, quam plurimis claris viris facem doctrinae generi humane
ab ultimo oriente praeferentibus, in omne aevum floreat vige-
atque. Semper vivat, semper crescat eximium nomen Almae
Matris Sydneiensis, per quinquaginta iam annos a civibus ex-
terisque nationibus summa laude exomatum !
Cbarcoviae die 3 Septembris MCMII anni.
Decani : A. Brio.
L. N. Saguesky.
Actua/rius: M. I. Iljiusky.
188 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF DORP AT.
decern lustra maximo cum universae scientiae emolumento
summaque cum gloria prosperrime peracta coniunctissimis
laetisque animis congratulamur et, ut in posterum quoque
tempus praeclara haec purae incorruptaeque scientiae fax
quinquaginta annis abhinc paene in ultimis terris Promethea
profecto manu Deo adnuente accensa clarissimam humanitais
verae lucem largissime toti terrarum orbi fundere pergens
semper ardeat, conoordissime optamus ominamur.
Universitatis Caesareae luxievensis
dim Dorpatensis Senatus.
pridie nonas Junias anni MCMII.
Pro Rectore Decanus:
Dr. T. OnsE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF HELSINGFORS.
Universitatis Sydneiensis Cancellaeio et Senatui Salutem
Digit Imperialis Universitas Alexandrea
Ad sollemnia quae quinquaginta ob annos ab universitate
vestra feliciter peractos celebraturi estis, quoniam summa nos
humanitate invitavistis, quamvis in urbis vestrae portum
amoenitate omnium longe celeberrimum intrare, ardua ilia
inter capita montium advecti, hospitioque vestro frui plurimi
sane nostratium cuperent, longinquitate tamen itinerum, ne
quern mitteremus, prohiberi videbamur, idem vero baud minora
erga vos gratia illo die festo ac laeto vota pro futuris tem-
poribus vobiscum participanda esse censuimus, quod bis lit-
teris voluimus testatum.
CONGKATULATORY ADDRESSES. 189
Atque vestrae universitatis civibus, cum terras alio sole
calentes incolant, alios laborum industriaeque fructus videant,
diversas hominum indigenarum consuetudines cognoscant, faci-
lius continget, novis ut studiis, cogitatis, inventis et nattiram
rerum et hmnani generis sensus mentesque amplectantur.
Profuturum vobis doctoribus discentique iuventuti illud
quoque videtur, quod more maiorum^ minime obstricti, m.ultia
tamen maiorum praeceptis adiuti, quasi aduJescentium. iura
novam. agere vitam ac proprium quendam vigorem poteritis
scientiae disciplinis adferre.
Quibus rebus ut confidimus, sic nulla nobis occurrit dubi-
tatio, quin ceteras academias iam vetustate corroboratas aisse-
cutura sit veatra alma mater, cum alumnos siuos, divino nu-
mine semper searvata, vero stiudio veritatis imbuat atque ador-
net virtutibus praeclaris et vestra gente dignis
Ex decreto senatus universitatis Alexandreae,
E. I. Hjelt,
D. Helsingforsiae KaJ. Aug. A. MCMII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF KIEFF.
Caesarea Universitas Scti Vladmiri Kiovensis XJniver-
Quod quinquagesima natalicia Academiae vestrae sollem-
niter celebraturi nos quoque gaudii vestri participes esse volu-
istis, humane fecistis nobisque gratissime. Sed tot terrarum
immensis tractibus, tot vastis maribu^ interiectis prohibemur,
quominus e n'ostro coetu quemquam mittamus coram vobis
gratulaturum. Itaque per litteras bona omnia vobis preca-
mur et ut Academia vestra sicut per decern lustra nunc felici-
190 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
ter exacfca ita per multa saecula hitmanitatem bonasque artes
apud Antipodas colendo Doiva semper laude crescat atque
floreat, vota facimius.
Rector : Decanus :
N. BOBRETZKY. C. TrDETSCHEL.
Decanus : Secretary :
Tim. Flobinsky. Isajev.
kal. August. MCMIl.
THE UNIVERSITY OF MOSCOW.
A rUniversite de Sydney.
Cinquante aas se sont ecoules depuis que I'Universite do
Sydney exerce son action feconde dans le domaine de science.
Heureuse de pouvoir feliciter les confreres qui fetent en oe
jour ce cinquantiem© anniversiaire, I'Universite Imperiale de
Moscou fait les voeux les plus ardents pour que I'Universite
de Sydney continue a I'avenir de travailler pour le bien de
rhumanite et pour le proges de la science.
THE UNIVERSITY OF ODESSA.
Senatus Universitatis Caesaeeae Litterarum
Senatui Universitatis Siydneiensis
Marium vasititate immensa a Vobis, bumanissimi Collegae,
semoti, studiorum vinculis artissime consociati, Academiae sol-
Icmnia decern lustrorum feliciter peractorum rite celebrantibus
arnica mente gratulamur cupimusque sincere et ex animo, ut
semisaecularis laboris recordatio, quern communi vitae biunan-
CONGRATULATORY ADDRESSES. 191
ae utilitati augeadae pro Vestra parte impertire nunquam cea-
sastis, Vobis Vestrisque successoribus tamquam stimulus esse
perseveret ad litterarum studia, clarissime incepta, haud
minore cmn laude proximis quoque saeculis promovenda.
Quod Deus bene vertat.
Datum Odessae, pridie Kalendas Junias a. MCMII.
THE UNIVEKSITY OP WARSAW.
XJniversitas Caesarea Varsoviensis TJniveesitati
Bector et Senatus Universitatis Caesareae Varsoviensis ex
snimi sentenitia gratulantur Cancellario et Senatui Univer-
sitatis Sydneiensis, quod mense Septembri huius anni dies
natalis celeberrimae Academiae Australium instat quinqua-
gesimus soUemniter celebrandus ob memoriam tot virorum
clarorum et de litteris optime meritorum, qui praateritis de-
cern lustris istic docuerunt et cultum atque humanitatem in
extrema quoque mundi parte pervulgaverunt. Itaque quam-
quam vehementer dolemus, quod in pulcherrimam urbem "Ves-
n am, toto paene orbe a vobis divisi cum simus, neminem ex
coetu nostro mittere poterimus, qui praesens Vobis gratuletur,
volumus tamen vos persuasum habere nos sollemnem diem
natalem Academiae Vestrae, cum studiis communibus Vobis
semper coniuncti simus, grata memoria prosecuturos et cele-
braturos esse fausta acclamatione : Vivat vigeatque in aeter-
num Academia Sydneiensis!
Universitatis Caesareae Varsoviensis,
Decanus hist.-philol. Platon Kulakovskij.
5 (18) Augusti MDCCCCII.
192 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF SARAGOSSA.
Universitatas Caesaraugustana Universitati Sydneieksi.
Invocationi vestrae honorem tantum tribuimus ut pre-
cibus instantissimis nostrorum omnes rogaverimus, si forte
aliquis, juvenis admodmn, qui, tantae viae onera placide suf-
f erret et universitatem et civitatem vestras visitare voluisset.
Insignis honor multis rebus contendendus, justoque dolore
Universitates sunt semper umitae amore scientiae et homi-
Bum bono ; Nostra meliora vobis auspicia offerens, sollemnis
vestrae Academiae vestraeqiue memoriae erga nos placidam
Dr. Mariano Ripglles,
Die XV Aprilis MDCCCCII.
THE UNIVERSITY OF VALENCIA.
Universidad Litterarium de Valencia.
Amplissimos viros, Academiae Sydneiensis Cancellarium,
Viee-Cancellarium, tabellionis munere Fungentem, omnesque
ad unum illius Moderatores perillustris coetus, Valentina mul-
tigenae disciplinae Academia, ex longinqua regione, iuxta in-
ternum mare a superbis Romanis " mare nostrum " dictum,
Ingentes vobis habemus grates ob honorabilem hortatum
ad nos aJlatum, annum quinquagessimum a Sydneiensis Ly-
cei institutione celebrandi gratia ; efc ultro libentique animo
illuc conveniremus, et nostra vestra gaudia essent, nisi freta
longa longe lateque nos discidissent. Attamen, etsi corpore
absentes, apud vos mente et corde erimus ; gratamurque ut
CONGRATtTLATORY ADDRESSES. 193
vester coram omnibus litterarum amor patefiat; quandoqui-
dem sTimmopere Australia laudatur, turn maxima eius prae-
stantia in scientiarum cultu, tum ditissimis bibliothecis cea-
tena librorum millia asservantibus.
Nobis quoque erit celebrandus III Idus Octobr. venientis
quadringentessimus annus ab huius Universitatis erectione ;
sed praesens nostri aerarii status non patitur aulas experientiis
paratas ab aliis esse, praeter nostrates, visendas; nee, igitur,
audemus,, etiamsi inviti, hortari ut aliquis vestrum huicce sol-
lemnitati praesit, quae, pro tenuitate nostra, vestrae spect*-
tionis non futura erit digna : alioquin, obsequenter honori-
F. Reig Y. Floees,
THE UNIVERSITY OF LUND.
Universitas Carolina Lundensis Ukiversitati Sydneiensi
Quod sollemnium quinquagesimi anni, quae brevi cele-
braturi estis, nos quoque participes esse voluistis gratissimo
animo accepimus. Sed ut vos ipsi de regionum, quibus dis-
cemimur, vastitudine mentionem fecistis, sic huius ipeius rei
iniquitate impedimur, quominus ad vos legatum mittamus
qui nomine nostro praesens vobis gratuletur. Neque tamen
praetei-mittere volumus, quin Academiae vestrae illustrissi-
mae propter lustra decem iam feliciter peracta gratulationes
194 UNIVERSITY JUBILEE.
sinceras adferamus, atque optamus ut per saecula nova vivat
floreatque Universitas Sydneiensis.
Dabamus Lundae die II Julii MDCCCCII,
Pro-Bedor U niter sitatis Lundensis.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BERNE.
Universitati Sydneiensi Rector et Senatus Univeesitatis
Libenter accepimus litteras quibus natalem vestnun semi-
saecularem sollemniter celebraturi nos quoque in societatem
laetitiae vocavistis. Neque cimctamur animis festivitati ia-
teresse. Cum enim litterarum universitates quasi cognatae et
oonsanguineae quidquid tmi ex iis vel laetum acoidit vel triste
quasi suum quaeque sentire solent, turn praecipue in f esto quod
vos propediem acburi estis, babemus cur gaudium vestnun ad
nos quoque pertinere putemus. Quo enim longioribus et ter-
rarum et marium spatiis sumus separati, eo clarius elucet
scientiae et doctrinae communio qua tanquam cingulo artis-
simo universae totius orbis terrarum gentes eruditae sunt
coniunctae quaque factum est ut in terris cultioribus omnibus,
quamvis nationum et origine et indole differrent, quasi flores
vitae bene moratae laetissimi enascerentur universitates, quae
ut singularium institutorum discrepantia gentium diversitatem
ita principalis constitutionis aequalitate unitatem scientiae red-
derent. Ac nobis Bemensibus ultra etiam suppetit causa cur
laetitiae vestrae partem nobis vindicemus. Quod enim non
ante saecula, sed ante lustronun modicum numerum univer-
sitates et Sydneiensis et Bernensis ad veterum exemplar for-
mamque conditae sunt, testis est utraque formam illam hodie
quoque essie vitalem reoentumque temporum condicionibus
accommodatam. Accedit quod utraque originem debet pop-
CONGEATULATOEY ADD BESSES. 195
ulo id agenti ut rebus cotidianorum negotiorum industria feli-
citer adauctis prosperitate utatur ad litteras bonasque artes
Itaque ex animi sententia quinquaginta annos peractos
vobis gratulamur exoptamusque ut pergatis florere prosper-
rimoque successu fungi sacro ac vere divino munere scientia*
Dr. a. Oncken,
De. G. Toblee,
Dabamus Beo-nae die primo
THE UNIVERSITY OF FREIBURG.
Friburgi Helvetiorum, die 10 mensis Junii, 1902
Univeesitas Tukicensis Univeesitati Sydneiensi
Universitatis Friburgensis Helvetiorum Rector et Sena^
tus grato animo litteras acceperunt, quibus alma Universitas
Sydneiensis eos rogabat ut secum quiuquagesimi aimi feliciter
peracti solemnia celebrarent. Quod si aliquem e societate sua
eligere potuissent, qui huic faustae commemorationi interesset
atque praesens Universitatis Friburgensis gratulationes et
vota exprimeret, maximo gaudio delegissent; nemo autem
exstitit quern per tantas terras ac tanta maria legare
possent. His saltern litteris, omnia quum Universitatis Syd-
neiensis doctissimis magistris tum diligentissimis discipuli
jucunda et prospeira se fratema mente oupere nee non sperare
Cancellarium magnificum almamque Universitatem certiores
Prof. De. H. Baumhauee,
THE UNIVERSITY OF GENEVA.
Geneve, le 28 avril, 1902.
Monsieur le Chancelier de FUniversite de Sydney,
New South Wales.
Monsieur le Chancelier,
L'Universite de Geneve a eu I'honneur de recevoir
votre invitation a venir celebrer avec vous le cinquan/tieme
anniversaire de la fondation de votre savante maison. II
aurait ete agreable et fla.tteur pour I'un de nous de se rendre
a votre aimable proposition, mais la distance est un grand
obstacle, et nous sommes contraints de nous bomer a vous
adresser nos felicitations cordiales et nos meilleurs voeux pour
snippleer a nofcro absence.
Vous recevrez aussi, d'ici a peu de temps, le premier
volume de I'Histoire de FUniversite de Geneve par notre col-
legue M. le professeur Borgeaud, que nous sommes heureux de
vous offrir en ces circonstances.
Becevez, Monsieur le Chancelier, Fassurance de ma haute
THE UNIVERSITY OF ZURICH.
Universitas Turicensis Universitati Sydneiensi
Celebraturis vobis ilium diem quo ante hos annos quin-
quaginta universitas Sydneiensis primordium ac fundamentum
accepit dici non potest quam libenter legatum aliquem nos-
trum mitteremus qui animi nostri ac voluntatis apud vos esset
orator atque interpres. Sed cum obstet spatium interiectum
quo vix aliud in orbe terrarum potest esse longius, nostras
gratulationes et pia vota pro perpetua salute his litteris tes-
tificandas esse censuimus. Universitas Sydneiensis vivat,
vigeat, partas laudes recentibus cumulet.
Dabamus Turici Kal. Jul.
Geo. Lud. Cohn,